Mr. Peanut is the advertising logo and mascot of Planters, an American snack-food company and division of Kraft Foods. He is depicted as an anthropomorphic peanut in its shell dressed in the formal clothing of an old-fashioned gentleman: a top hat, monocle, white gloves, spats, and a cane.
Planters Peanut Company was founded in 1906, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania by Amedeo Obici and was incorporated two years later as the Planters Nut and Chocolate Company. In 1916 a young schoolboy Antonio Gentile, submitted drawings of an anthropomorphic peanut, a commercial artist, Andrew S. Wallach added the monocle, top hat and cane to create the iconic image. The schoolboy's family is believed to have received five dollars for the submission. 
There is a disputed claim that Frank P. Krize, Sr., a Wilkes-Barre artist and head of the Suffolk plant, made the additions of the monocle, top hat and cane. Andrew Wallach's daughter, Virginia, maintains that Frank P. Krize joined the project after Mr. Peanut was created. Planter's history and other sources still in circulation, do not positively identify the artist. 
By the mid-1930s, the raffish figure had come to symbolize the entire peanut industry. Mr. Peanut has appeared on almost every Planters package and advertisement. He is now one of the best-known icons in advertising history.
While the character's television commercials were often accompanied by an elegant accented narrator, Mr. Peanut never had dialogue. On November 8, 2010, Planters announced that Mr. Peanut would officially be given a voice, supplied by American actor Robert Downey Jr.
- In the 2010 novel Mr. Peanut, a man fantasizes about killing his peanut-allergic wife by force-feeding her peanuts. "He poured out a handful and ate them and then wiped the salt from his empty hand on his pants. He looked at the chipper Planters Peanuts man tipping his top hat hello and thought about how one bite could kill Alice dead."
In popular culture
- The artist Vincent Trasov, dressed as Mr. Peanut, ran as a joke candidate in the 1974 Vancouver, British Columbia civic elections.
- In November 2010, The New Yorker magazine published a spoof confession by Mr. Peanut that he is gay and in a relationship with his new sidekick, Benson.
- Mr. Peanut appears as a monster in the online game Kingdom of Loathing.
- "The father of Mr. Peanut - The Suffolk News-Herald". suffolknewsherald.com.
- "Mr. Peanut Collectors Club". peanutpals.org.
- "Planters History of the Planter Nut: Timeline". Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- Smith, Andrew F. (2007). The Oxford companion to American food and drink. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-530796-2. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- "Robert Downey Jr. is Mr. Peanut". avclub.com.
- "Mr. Peanut Now Selling Planters Peanut Butter". gluttoner.com.
- "Mr. Peanut Has a New Voice". The Daily Meal.
- "Bill Hader's Peanut Allergy Scare". teamcoco.com.
- "HJ796 Commending Mr. Peanut". Virginia LIS.
- Sunday Book Review, "Death Match", New York Times
- Ross, Adam (2010). Mr. Peanut. Borzoi Books. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-307-27070-2. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- Milroy, Sarah (28 September 2012). "Mr. Peanut's lasting impact on Vancouver". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- Paul Rudnick (29 November 2010). "Nutty". The New Yorker.
- "Peanut". coldfront.net.