Muhammad Azam Khan

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Azam Khan Khalil
Birth name Muhammad Azam Khan
Nickname(s) M. A. Khan
Born 1909[1]
Died 1994 (86 or 87 years old)
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1928-1962
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Unit Army Armoured Corps
Commands held Eastern Military High Command
I Strike Corps
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Lahore Operation

Lieutenant General Muhammad Azam Khan (1909–1994) was a senior general of the Pakistan army who was a minister under General Ayub Khan, the first military ruler of Pakistan. Azam Khan was also a former Governor of East Pakistan.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born on 1909 in Mathra, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, British India. In 1929, he joined the British Indian Army. He graduated from Dehradun Military College and Sandhurst Military College.[1]

Career[edit]

He started his career in the Rifle Brigade and then the Hyderabad Regiment in British India. He fought in Arakan, Burma in World War Two. By 1947, he was an Assistant Quarter Master General. In 1948, he was appointed as Brigade Commander. In January 1950, he was promoted to Major General and then four years later to Lieutenant General.[1]

He was the General officer commanding (GOC) of Lahore Garrison and was appointed Martial law administrator in 1953.[1] As the GOC he oversaw the suppression of anti-Ahmadiyya violence following the Lahore riots of 1953.[3] He later served as the top army commander in East Pakistan before joining Ayub Khan's military regime. He helped Ayub Khan in his coup d'état in 1958. On 28 October 1958 he was made a senior Minister for Refugees Rehabilitation in Ayub Khan's administration.[1]

Popular governor of East Pakistan[edit]

He was appointed as the Governor of East Pakistan province on 14 April 1960. He was a well-liked governor in East Pakistan. "Azam Khan acquired the love and respect of the people of East Pakistan by his personal behaviour and free mixing with all classes of people."[1] There were reported rumors back then that president Ayub Khan was upset by the great popularity of the governor and felt threatened by it. Ayub Khan saw him as his potential rival of the future.[4]

He remained in office till and during the presidential election of 1964. Azam Khan "supported the presidential candidacy of Fatima Jinnah" and continued to work strongly against Ayub Khan until after the latter's ouster.[5]

President of Pakistan Olympic Association[edit]

Death[edit]

He died in Lahore, Pakistan in 1994.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Khan, Lt. General Mohammad Azam - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  2. ^ "BANGABHABAN - The President's House of Bangladesh". bangabhaban.gov.bd. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  3. ^ General Azam Khan's role in 1953 Lahore riots, Dawn newspaper, Updated 21 November 2013, Retrieved 8 June 2017
  4. ^ Popularity of General Azam Khan in East Pakistan in the 1960s, Dawn newspaper, Published 17 May 2012, Retrieved 8 June 2017
  5. ^ Baxter, Craig; Syedur Rahman; Syedur Rahman (2003). Historical dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 49. 
  6. ^ General Azam Khan as president of Pakistan Olympic Association, Remembering General Azam Khan on defence.pk website, Retrieved 8 June 2017
Military offices
Preceded by
Office established
Unified Commander of Eastern Military High Command
11 April 1960 – 11 May 1962
Succeeded by
RAdm Muzaffar Hassan
Political offices
Preceded by
Zakir Husain
Governor of East Pakistan
1960 – 1962
Succeeded by
Ghulam Faruque Khan