A Persian miniature by Muhammad Zaman. The landscape in the background shows European painting influences.
Muhammad Zaman was influenced by Italian painting techniques. However, as Ivanov suggests, Muhammad Zaman studied under a European artist in Isfahan, Persia, and the report of his being sent by Shah Abbas II to study in Italy, where he adopted Roman Catholic Christianity, is no more than a colourful legend.
It is reported[by whom?] that Manucci the famous traveller made the acquaintance of Muhammad Zaman at the court of Aurangzib.