April 3, 1920
|Died||September 2, 2018 (aged 98)|
Fresno, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Tehran|
School of Oriental and African Studies
University of London
|Known for||Director of the Center for Iranian Studies at Columbia University|
|Notable work||Encyclopædia Iranica|
|Spouse||Latifeh Alvieh (died 1999)|
|Parent(s)||Hashem Yarshater (father)|
Rohaniyeh Misaghie (mother)
|Awards||Bita Award (2015)|
Ehsan Yarshater (Persian: احسان يارشاطر, April 3, 1920 – September 1, 2018) was an Iranian historian and linguist who specialized in Iranology. He was the founder and director of The Center for Iranian Studies, and Hagop Kevorkian Professor Emeritus of Iranian Studies at Columbia University.
He was the first Persian full-time professor at a U.S. university since World War II.
He was one of the 40 editors of the Encyclopædia Iranica, with articles by 300 authors from various academic institutions. He also edited the third volume of the Cambridge History of Iran, comprising the history of the Seleucid, the Parthians, and the Sassanians, and a volume entitled Persian Literature. He was also an editor of a sixteen-volume series named History of Persian Literature. He had won several International awards for scholarship, including a UNESCO award in 1959, and the Giorgio Levi Della Vida Medal for Achievement in Islamic Studies from UCLA in 1991. Lecture series in his name have been instituted at the University of London, and the University of California, Los Angeles, and at the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique in Paris.
Life and career
Born in Hamedan, Iran, Ehsan Yarshater studied Persian language and literature at the University of Tehran and Iranian philology (Old and Middle Iranian) at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London with Walter Bruno Henning. His Tehran University dissertation dealt with Persian poetry under the Timurid Shahrukh (15th century). His University of London dissertation, elaborated and published later as A Grammar of Southern Tati Dialects (Mouton, 1969), describes a series of Tati dialects spoken in the southwest of Qazvin.
He had published a number of articles on modern western Iranian dialects, notably Tati and Taleshi, and the Jewish dialects of Persian (including Lotara'i), and on Persian mythology.
His parents were Iranian Jews who had converted to the Baháʼí Faith, but he had no affiliation with the Baháʼí Faith as an adult.
- Theorems and Remarks (al-Isharat wa'l-tanbihat) by Avicenna, tr. into Persian in the 13th century; annotated edition. Tehran, National Monuments Society, 1953.
- Five Treaties in Arabic and Persian (Panj Resala) by Ibn Sina, annotated edition. Tehran, National Monuments Society, 1953.
- Šeʿr-e fārsi dar ʿahd-e Šāhroḵ yā āḡāz-e enḥeṭāṭ dar šeʿr-e farsi ("Persian Poetry under Shah Rokh: The Second Half of the 15th Century or the beginning of decline in Persian poetry"). Tehran, Tehran University Press, 1955.
- Legends of the Epic of Kings (Dastanha-ye Shahnama). Tehran: Iran-American Joint Fund Publications, 1957, 1958, 1964; 2nd ed. 1974, 1982 (awarded a UNESCO prize in 1959).
- Old Iranian Myths and Legends (Dastanha-ye Iran-e bastan). Tehran: Iran-American Joint Fund Publications, 1957, 1958, 1964 (Royal Award for the best book of the year, 1959).
- With W.B. Henning (eds.). A Locust's Leg: Studies in Honour of S.H. Taqizadeh. London, 1962.
- Modern Painting (Naqqashi-e novin). 2 vols. Tehran: Amir Kabir, 1965–66; 2nd printing, 1975.
- A Grammar of Southern Tati Dialects, Median Dialect Studies I. The Hague and Paris, Mouton and Co., 1969.
- Iran Faces the Seventies (ed.). New York, Praeger Publishers, 1971.
- With D. Bishop (eds.). Biruni Symposium. New York, Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University, 1976.
- Selected Stories from the Shahnama (Bargozida-ye dastanha-ye Shahnama), Vol. I. Tehran, BTNK, 1974; reprint, Washington, D.C., Iranian Cultural Foundation, 1982.
- With David Bivar (eds.). Inscriptions of Eastern Mazandaran, Corpus Inscriptionem Iranicarum. London, Lund and Humphries, 1978.
- With Richard Ettinghausen (eds.). Highlights of Persian Art. New York, Bibliotheca Persica, 1982.
- Sadeq Hedayat: An Anthology (ed.). New York, Bibliotheca Persica, 1979.
- Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. III: Seleucid, Parthian and Sassanian Periods (ed.). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983.
- Persian Literature (ed.). New York, State University of New York Press, 1988.
- History of Al-Tabari: Volumes 1-40 (ed.). New York, State Univ of New York Press, 2007.
- ^ "Vol. 30, No. 2, Page 5, Summer 2015 Archives". IranNameh. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- ^ Alavi, Hamid (September 2, 2018). "درگذشت احسان یارشاطر؛ مردی که زبان فارسی وطنش بود" (in Persian). BBC Persian. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- ^ Cohen, Patricia (2011-08-13). "A Lifetime Quest to Finish a Monumental Encyclopedia of Iran". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- ^ U.S.-funded encyclopedia revels in Iran's greatness. Associated Press, March 26, 2007.
- ^ "A History of Persian Literature". Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University, New York.
- ^ "Ehsan Yarshater". Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University, New York.
- ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/app/webroot/uploads/files/EY95/by-Karimi-Hakkak.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- ^ Ashraf, Ahmad (2007-04-05). "Official response of the Encyclopaedia Iranica to the Associated Press article of March 25, 2007 entitled "U.S.-funded encyclopedia revels in Iran's greatness"" (PDF). Encyclopedia Iranica. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-12-02.
- ^ "Ehsan Yarshater: Historian who transformed the west's understanding of Iran's history and languages". Independent.co.uk.
- Professor Ehsan Yarshater's Authorized Website
- Ehsan Yarshater on Open Library
- Interview with Iranian.com
- Farangis Mohebbi, Dr Yarshater: Lambton predicted the Iranian Revolution, An interview with Professor Yarshater concerning the late Professor Ann Lambton, in Persian, Radio Zamaneh, August 13, 2008, . Audio: .
- Iranian Iranologists
- 20th-century Iranian historians
- Linguists of Iranian languages
- Linguists of Persian
- Iranian expatriate academics
- Linguists from Iran
- Historians of Iran
- People from Hamadan
- Columbia University faculty
- University of Tehran alumni
- 1920 births
- 2018 deaths
- Zoroastrian studies scholars
- Iranian expatriates in the United States
- Faculty of Letters and Humanities of the University of Tehran alumni
- 20th-century translators