Murder of Tair Rada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Murder of Tair Rada (Hebrew: תָּאִיר רָאדָה), a 13-year-old Israeli schoolgirl, was committed in 2006, in the girls' bathroom of her school in Katzrin. Roman Zadorov (Ukrainian: Роман Задоров; Hebrew: רוֹמָן זָדוֹרוֹב), a Ukrainian and a resident of Israel, is serving a life sentence for the murder. His prosecution and conviction have been a source of controversy, receiving a lot of media coverage, as well as being the focus of an Israeli documentary TV series called Shadow of Truth that has gained worldwide attention on Netflix.

Murder and initial investigation[edit]

In December 2006, 13-year-old Tair Rada of Katzrin reportedly decided to skip the last period of that schoolday. She stayed outside in the schoolyard with friends for a while, before going back into the building to get a drink of water. She was last seen by several students going up a staircase leading to a mid-floor of 10th grade classes. Later that afternoon, when she failed to return home, her mother contacted the police, and a search began. That evening around 7 p.m., she was found murdered in a locked stall in the girls' bathroom—her throat slit twice and multiple additional cuts to her face, torso, and hands.

According to news reports from the evening of the murder, the police's initial estimate was that classmates were involved. This theory was dismissed soon thereafter. On the night of the murder, police detained a homeless person as a suspect. Three days later police detained the school gardener as well. Both were released two days later due to the fact they weren't at or near the school on that day and their alibis were confirmed.[1]

On December 11, police detained and interrogated Zadorov. On December 19, 2 weeks after the murder, police announced in a press conference during prime time television, on the 8 p.m. evening news, that Roman Zadorov, a maintenance man, is held as the most likely suspect and that he had admitted and reenacted the murder.[2] A day later, his attorney informed that he had recanted his confession.[3]

The motive for the murder, as initially stated by the police, was insults hurled at Zadorov after he denied Tair's request for a cigarette. Both her family and friends, however, stated that not only did she not smoke, but she couldn't even stand the smell of cigarettes. They also stated that rude behaviour and cursing were very uncharacteristic of her. That motive was dropped. Police later claimed that the motive was sexual abuse Zadorov suffered by female classmates when he was an 8-year-old in the Ukraine, which caused a rage fit after he suffered continuous pestering by the school's students during his work, but that could not be confirmed. No alternative motive for the murder was presented by police in the indictment.[4][failed verification]

Indictment and trial[edit]

The Alibi[edit]

The time of murder was initially determined to be between 1:20PM (the time Tair was last seen - going up the staircase leading to the girls' bathroom) and 1:30 p.m. (time of the earliest testimonies of girls, who were in the bathroom - but claimed to have seen or heard nothing), though an estimated time of death was never included in the pathologist's report. However, Zadorov was at the school gate on the phone with his employer starting from 1:23:09 pm according to cellphone records, and two security guards saw him during that time span. Zadorov was waiting for his employer to bring him tile cement, and only went back into the school after 1:30 p.m. Two investigators can be seen in interrogation footage discussing the problem of Zadorov's alibi - he had not been seen by dozens of kids sitting around the route from the school gate to the staircase leading to the girls' bathroom around the time Tair was last seen going up the staircase, and students sitting near the staircase claimed they didn't see anyone following her up the staircase. The time of murder was later modified, and claimed to be between 1:30 p.m. and 2 p.m. A little after 2 p.m., Zadorov was sighted in the school cafeteria, looking calm as usual. He continued his work as usual till 5:30 p.m. before going home.[citation needed]

Confession and Reenactment[edit]

Both Roman Zadorov's purported confession and the reenactment included false and incorrect information, including, but not limited to the location of the murder, the way the murder was committed, the position in which the body was found. Incorrect details (including ones only the murderer should have known) can be seen, being taught to Roman Zadorov by the investigators according to what they believed at the time, in the interrogation footage (a reason crucial details were never even mentioned in the confession and reenactment). The reenactment video can be easily revealed to be heavily staged. Zadorov can be seen leading officers towards the wrong bathroom in the upper floor, before being stopped midway by a detective tinkering with the handcuffs, then being led to the correct bathroom. The throat slashing can be seen exhibited on the wrong side of the victim's body. Seven (7) blows to the head were never mentioned (the autopsy report, which revealed the hemorrhage focal points on the head, was obtained only after the reenactment). A post mortem slash to the left wrist can be seen displayed as a defense wound to the back of the right wrist. Exiting from the bathroom stall, was initially reenacted as simply walking away, before Zadorov was ordered to reenact it at a later time, bracing the walls on both sides of the bathroom stall and leaping over the locked door. However, partial foot prints (which did not match Zadorov) found on the toilet seat, the toilet tank, and the wall between bathroom stalls no. 2 and 3 suggest that jumping to the next over stall, not over the door, was the killer's escape route.[citation needed]

DNA[edit]

Initially, the Israel Police leaked to the press that DNA samples from the crime scene were matched with Zadorov's.[5]

DNA and other "mounting evidence" were cited by the Judge when remanding Zadorov in custody.[6] Later, the indictment was filed with no DNA evidence.[7]

The State Prosecution explained the filing of the indictment with no DNA evidence or laboratory test results as follows:

The fact that the prosecution filed an indictment based on substantial evidence that exists implicating Zadorov without waiting for the U.S. lab results show there is sufficient evidence tying him to the murder, and the case isn't based wholly on that issue.[8]

The DNA test results were inconclusive.[9]

Shoe imprints[edit]

A shoe-print police expert by the name Yaron Shor claimed to have found additional bloody footprints on Tair Rada's jeans that matched Zadorov's Salamander shoes. British shoe imprint expert Dr. Guy Cooper testified in 2009 that the stains could not be considered Zadorov's shoe imprints, if shoe imprints at all.[10] His testimony was dismissed by the Court.

FBI veteran, shoe imprint expert William Bodziak, also claimed in his 2013 testimony that these stains could not be determined to be Zadorov's shoe imprints, if shoe imprints at all. His testimony was also dismissed by the Court.[11]

Hairs[edit]

Hairs discovered at the murder scene did not match Zadorov. Three hairs found on Rada's body belonged to three different unknown people. Not all hairs found in the crime scene were tested for DNA, since the police told the lab to stop all tests once Zadorov confessed.[12]

Fingerprints[edit]

Over 60 fingerprints were found in the murder scene, some in blood. None matched Tair or Roman Zadorov. Neither the police nor the prosecution ever explained their origin. No reference samples were ever taken from anyone else for comparison.[citation needed]

Other biological evidence[edit]

A total of 150 biological samples from the crime scene were tested, but none matched Zadorov. No reference samples were ever taken from anyone else for comparison.[citation needed]

Murder weapon[edit]

The murder weapon, according to the confession and reenactment was a smooth-blade utility knife. However, it was never found. In his purported confession, Roman Zadorov said that he had placed it under the tiles that he had been laying that day. The tiles were removed, but the knife was never found. Moreover, two senior forensic medical experts later testified that the murder was committed using a serrated blade, not a smooth-blade, based on the nature of the cut on Tair's chin. Their testimonies were dismissed by the Court as irrelevant.[citation needed]

Other[edit]

All of Roman Zadorov's effects were tested, but none showed positive results for blood.[citation needed]

Students in Tair's high school[edit]

Media reports in the early days after the murder criticized the Israel Police for searching for the murderer through the vast areas of the Golan Heights and the Galilee, instead of focusing on suspects within the school building itself.[citation needed]

One of the students later testified in Court that she saw under the bathroom stall, where the murder was committed, Tair's Puma shoes, youth-size Allstar shoes and blood.

A long list of students went through the bathroom around the time of the murder, while Tair apparently struggled with the murderers, and some of them even noticed highly suspicious circumstances.

Tair's mother stated on various occasions that she didn't believe that Zadorov was the murderer, and that she believed that the true murderers were "from Tair's world". She alluded that the murderers were high school students whom she believed to be members of a Satanic cult.[13]

In May 2016, an attorney representing two of the female students, Nufar Ben David and Lee Lahyani issued a letter to leaders of Roman Zadorov's support groups a "warning prior to filing a lawsuit" letter, demanding an apology, adequate monetary compensation, and a promise to cease defamatory publication. In response, recipients of the demands and threat published on June 4, 2016 a statement, rejecting the demands. Later that year, slander lawsuits were filed.

Judicial process[edit]

Trial commenced in January 2007 with the filing of the indictment in the Nazareth District Court, followed by the September 2010 initial conviction, October 2010 filing of Zadorov's appeal in the Supreme Court of Israel, March 2013 remand to the Nazareth District Court for additional review of the evidence, and February 2014 supplemental judgment by the Nazareth District Court—again convicting Zadorov. On December 23, 2015, the Israeli Supreme Court denied Zadorov's appeal by a 2 to 1 decision of a panel of three justices. Zadorov's team immediately asked for a new hearing by an expanded panel.

No signed confession was filed with the indictment, Zadorov having recanted both his confessions and refused to sign his second one. However, police officers testified that he confessed in investigation that he had committed the murder.[14] No motive for the murder was provided in the indictment.

The 456 page, September 2010 conviction by a three-judge panel headed by Judge Yitzhak Cohen—then Presiding Judge of the Nazareth District Court—was read out in a dramatic open court hearing. It stated that there was no doubt that Zadorov was the murderer, and that his testimony was full of lies and manipulations. Therefore, Zadorov was further convicted on obstruction of a police investigation.[15] The lack of any motive for the murder was found no object by the judges.[16]

In March 2013, the Supreme Court of Israel remanded the case back to the Nazareth District Court for rehearing of evidence by expert witnesses, as requested by Zadorov's lawyers:

  • William Bodziak, a world-renowned forensics expert—regarding the footprint found on the clothes of the murdered girl, and
  • Dr. Maya Forman-Reznik, a pathologist—regarding the murder weapon and the trauma injuries found on her head.

Key evidence, relating to the murder knife and shoe imprints, key issues in this case, were not settled.[17] In February 2014, the Nazareth District Court returned a supplemental judgment, again convicting Zadorov. The Nazareth District Court rejected the testimony of the defense expert about the kind of knife used in the murder, and called the assertion that it was not possible to identify the bloody shoe print "embarrassing and fundamentally flawed."[18]

The December 23, 2015 denial of the appeal by the Supreme Court of Israel was rendered by a 2:1 split panel. The Jerusalem Post summed up the controversy and the Supreme Court's decision as follows:

The case captivated the media and public. It was a tragic, small-town murder that, from the beginning, was dogged by rumors, including that local teenagers had killed Rada and the town or teachers had covered it up, finding an easy fall guy in Zadorov, an immigrant from the former Soviet Union... The 300-page majority opinion upholding the conviction on Wednesday, which included justices Isaac Amit and Zvi Zylbertal, found three major grounds for its decision, despite the disputes over the shoe prints and the knife. Aspects of Zadorov's confession while under arrest to a confidential informant, of his confession to interrogators and his participation in reenacting aspects of the crime were decisive, wrote the court.[19]

The Supreme Court's denial of the appeal failed to settle the case. Zadorov's team immediately asked for a new hearing by an expanded panel, a process that is yet to commence (January 2016). Public support for Zadorov tripled within days following the Supreme Court's decision.[citation needed]

The Zadorov case raised the issue of prosecutorial misconduct, lack of oversight of the State Prosecution, false convictions in general, and reluctance of the Israeli courts to reverse false convictions.[20]

Judge Yitzhak Cohen affair[edit]

By September 2014, Presiding Judge Yitzhak Cohen of the Nazareth District Court, who twice convicted Zadorov, left on vacation, and by November 2014 he resigned, after police recommended his prosecution for sexual harassment of a female attorney in his chambers.

In parallel, Justice Minister Livni ordered a probe to determine whether Moshe Lador and other highly placed figures attempted to cover up to the sexual harassment.[21][22]

Media later reported that Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein instructed Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight Judge (ret) Hila Gerstel to stop the cover-up investigation.[citation needed]

Conduct of the State Prosecution, Dr Forman and Dr Kugel affairs[edit]

Regarding the Zadorov affair, Law Professor Mordechai Kremnitzer wrote in October 2014: "Conduct of the prosecution is scary... the State Prosecution is not seeking the truth... the justice system is mostly busy protecting itself..."[23] His comments were published in the wake of the Tel-Aviv Labor Court judgment in the lawsuit of senior forensic medical expert Dr Maya Forman against the State of Israel, Ministry of Health and others. Her case became an entirely separate scandal, which was described by Israeli media as persecution, settlement of accounts, and a retaliation campaign by Chief State Prosecutor Shai Nitzan against Dr Forman for her professional, honest, expert testimony in the Zadorov affair.[24]

The State Prosecution first fought to prevent Dr Forman from testifying in the Nazareth court in Roman Zadorov's case.[25] Dr Forman eventually testified for Zadorov in the Nazareth District Court that the murder was committed using a serrated knife, not a smooth-edged Japanese knife.

In its February 2014 supplemental judgment the Nazareth District Court not only rejected Dr Forman's expert testimony, but also heavily criticized her professional conduct. In the aftermath, Chief State Prosecutor Shai Nitzan, who claimed that he was backed by Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein, tried to impose professional restrictions on Dr Forman and to prohibit her from further appearances in courts as an expert witness – effectively crippling her professional employment.

The labor dispute became a scandal in its own sake, with the Israeli Medical Association joining as a friend of the court, strongly supporting Dr Forman. Moreover, while the Israeli Ministry of Health was named Defendant in the labor dispute, Minister of Health Yael German wrote a public letter to the Attorney General, stating that his conduct against Dr Forman "lacks legal foundation and carries overarching and dangerous implications... blatant violation of Human Rights, the fundamentals of law and justice..."

The case in the Tel-Aviv Labor Court then generated another separate scandal, when the State Prosecution tried to solicit an affidavit in support of its position from another senior forensic medical expert in the State Forensic Institute, Dr Chen Kugel. Dr Kugel provided the State Prosecution a curve-ball affidavit, which for the first time disclosed that he also supported Dr Forman's professional opinion that the murder was committed using a serrated knife. Dr Kugel never testified in the Nazareth District Court trial. However, the State Prosecution made false representations to the Court, suggesting that Kugel supported the Prosecution's position regarding the knife. It was even relied upon in the Conviction. Dr Kugel's affidavit in the Tel-Aviv Labor Court also strongly objected to any professional restrictions on an expert, i.e., Dr Forman, who provided an honest professional opinion in court, as a dangerous precedent.[citation needed]

The State Prosecution first tried to gag Dr Kugel, and prevent his affidavit from being filed. Then, the State Prosecution tried to heavily edit his affidavit. Eventually, Dr Kugel's affidavit was filed, unmodified, both in the Tel-Aviv Labor Court and in Zadorov's appeal in the Supreme Court. Furthermore, both the original affidavit and the edited affidavit, proposed by the State Prosecution, were published, causing a new wave of criticism against the State Prosecution: Experts raised concerns that the Prosecution's conduct relative to Dr Kugel's affidavit amounted to tampering with a witness.[26]

In the wake of Dr Forman victory in the Tel-Aviv Labor Court,[27] senior law professor and former dean of the Hebrew University Law School Yoav Dotan wrote: "Dr Forman and Mr Nitzan".[28] In his opinion article, Prof Dotan emphasized the wider implications of the entire affair, which undermined due process. Prof Dotan also criticized the extreme concentration of power by the State Prosecution and its lack of accountability, supporting the ongoing calls for a major reform in the offices of Attorney General and Chief State Prosecutor.

The Dr Formal and Dr Kugel scandals expanded into a heated debate over integrity, lack of accountability for wrongdoing, and resistance of the State Prosecution to any civilian oversight.[29] [30][31]

In December 2015, Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight, Judge (ret) Hila Gerstel, issued a report, effectively finding that the State Prosecution engaged in tampering with witnesses and perverting/obstruction of justice. Chief State Prosecutor Shai Nitzan objected to Gerstel's report, claiming that Gerstel overstepped her authority.[citation needed]

Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein issued an opinion supporting the State's right to change officials' affidavits.[32]

Also in December 2015, Dr Hen Kugel, by then Director of the State Forensic Institute, stated in an interview with media: "I am intimidated by the State Prosecution".[33]

The case also raised again the issue of the lack of integrity in the State Forensic Medical Institute before Dr Forman and Dr Kugel joined it. Prof Sangero wrote: "For decades the Israel Police and the State Prosecution dominated the Institute. Monopoly of police and the prosecution over scientific evidence has been established, and the evidence has been used almost exclusively to support convictions."

Partly in the wake of the Dr Forman and Dr Kugel affairs, Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight Judge (ret) Hila Gerstel conducted a review of the relationships between the State Prosecution and the State Forensic Institute, and generated a report, which was due for publication in April 2016. However, in late March 2016, 11 senior prosecutors filed a petition with the Supreme Court, asking to prohibit the publication of the report, claiming that it would "damage their reputation".[34]

Following Commissioner Gerstel's report, regarding conduct of the State Prosecution, relative to the Dr Kugel affidavit, attempt was made to conduct an ethics complaint procedure against three senior State Prosecution attorneys by the Israel Bar Association. In May 2016, Attorney Avichai Mandelblit (who by then replaced Yehuda Weinstein in that office) used his authority and blocked the Bar complaint process.

State Prosecutors' strike, Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight resignation[edit]

Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight, Judge (ret) Hila Gerstel's review of conduct of the State Prosecution, related to the Zadorov affair, generated ever growing tension between her and the State Prosecution. In December 2015, Commissioner Gerstel issued a letter, which was described by media "rare in its severity", stating that Chief State Prosecutor "is not saying the truth", and that his report to the Attorney General, regarding the Dr Forman affair was full of falsifications and untruths.[35]

On April 4, 2016, a few days after filing the petition to block the publication of Commissioner Gerstel's report regarding the State Prosecution-Forensic Institute relationships, the State Prosecutors' Union declared a strike for an indefinite period, protesting the authority of Commissioner Gerstlel to oversee their conduct.

On April 18, 2016, facing the State Prosecutors' strike and the petition, and realizing that she had no sufficient backing from Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein and Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked, Commissioner Gerstel resigned.[36] In June 2016, Chair of the State Prosecutors' Union referred in an interview to Commissioner Gerstel as "a pirate".[37]

In an early June 2016 appearance before the Knesset's Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee in a hearing regarding the future of the Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight, and referring also to Attorney General Mandelblit's blocking of the Israel Bar Association review of conduct of senior State Prosecutors, relative to the attempt to pervert Dr Kugel's affidavit, senior law professor and former Justice Minister Daniel Friedman stated in a June 2016 "The Attorney General cannot gag the entire State, and not let anybody voice an opinion".[38]

Parents, public, and media[edit]

The victim's mother did not believe that Zadorov is the murderer. In early 2007 she filed a petition with the Israeli Supreme Court, asking for re-opening of the murder investigation. The petition was summarily denied.[39] [40] [41]

In 2010, Tair's mother told media: "As far as I'm concerned, anything to do with the court, the prosecution and the police is pure delinquency. They abandoned my daughter." On various other occasions she explicitly stated that she believed that her daughter was killed by students in the school who were members of a Satanic cult.[42]

In 2011, investigators Haim Sadovsky and Doron Beldinger filed a petition with the Supreme Court, also asking that the Supreme Court mandate re-opening of the police investigation in this case. Their petition was also denied.

In December 2014, a group of activists, who closely followed the case, filed with the Attorney General criminal complaints against the Israel Police investigation team for obstruction of the investigation and fabrication of evidence, and separately against the State Prosecution team - for fraud in the court.

In December 2015 demonstrations were held in Tel-Aviv central square in support of justice for Roman Zadorov and renewed investigation of Tair Rada's murder. An international Avaaz petition was launched, calling upon Israeli President Rivlin to pardon on commute Zadorov's sentence. The petition was endorsed by notable US Rabbi Michael Lerner (rabbi), by notable US public intellectual Prof Noam Chomsky, and by veteran FBI agent and whistle-blower Coleen Rowley.[citation needed]

In a mid January 2016 Knesset oversight committee hearing it was exposed that the Israel Police obtained a court decree and tried to confiscate all materials obtained by Channel 2 investigative journalism program "Uvdah" regarding misconduct in the State Forensic Institute. According to "Uvdah" journalist Omri Essenheim, a policeman had appeared in their editorial offices and demanded to obtain any materials that had been collected as part of their investigative journalism work relative to conduct of the State Forensic Institute. The editorial staff refused to comply with police demands. Mr Essenheim added: "In the Zadorov affair the State Prosecution acted contrary to its stated mission of seeking the truth."[43]

Shadow of Truth[edit]

In early 2016, a four-part documentary TV series was aired in Israel, called Shadow of Truth, reviewing the Tair Rada murder/Roman Zadorov conviction affair. It caused a major media storm, raising many doubts regarding Zadorov's conviction and pointing at many flaws in his investigation and trial.[44] The fourth episode revealed a never-heard-before testimony of a man (referred to in the series as A.H.), who told the police in 2012 that his ex-girlfriend had confessed to him on the day of the murder, and even showed him a knife and clothes soaked in blood. Following his testimony, his ex-girlfriend (referred to as A.K.) was then arrested by police and investigated under suspicion of murder. While she was in house arrest, she left her home and tried to kill someone, and was subsequently sent to a psychiatric hospital without being further interrogated about her involvement in the Rada case. Along with his own lawyer and Zadorov's public defender, who are also interviewed in the episode, A.H. claims that the investigation had been whitewashed.[45]

After the series aired, Chief State Prosecutor Shai Nitzan stated in a widely reported public appearance that the series is "a danger to democracy". The series' creators responded by saying "He who thinks that freedom of speech endangers democracy, is a danger to it himself".[46] In January 2017, Netflix bought the rights to the series, making it available in over 190 countries around the world.[47]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Einav, Hagai. "Golan murder: Second suspect released". YNet News. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  2. ^ Eli Ashkenazi, Jack Khoury, and Jonathan Lis. "Suspect Tells Police: I Killed Her in School Bathroom". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ REBECCA ANNA STOIL. "Tair-Rada-suspect-retracts-confession". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  4. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "Construction Worker Indicted for Murder of Teenage Girl". Haaretz Daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  5. ^ Eli Ashkenazi and Jack Khoury. "New Evidence Against Roman Zadorov: DNA and Footprints on Victim's Clothing". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  6. ^ Jack Khoury. "Judge Extends Remand of Suspect in Teen Murder, Says Evidence Mounting". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  7. ^ Eli Ashkenazi and Jack Khoury. "DNA Evidence Not In, but Prosecution Still Plans to Indict Zadorov Tomorrow". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  8. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "Police Show Video of Suspect Re-enacting Murder of Tair Rada". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  9. ^ REBECCA ANNA STOIL. "Report: Zadarov DNA tests inconclusive". The Jerusalem. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  10. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "British Expert: Shoe Prints on Slain Golan Teen Rada Were Not Those of Accused Killer". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  11. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "FBI Expert Disputes Key Evidence in Conviction for 2006 Schoolgirl Murder". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  12. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "Police Show Video of Suspect Re-enacting Murder of Tair Rada". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  13. ^ REBECCA ANNA STOIL. "Report: Zadarov DNA tests inconclusive". The Jerusalem. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  14. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "Suspected Killer of Kaztrin Teen Retracted Second Confession". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  15. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "Zadorov Convicted in Tair Rada Murder, Gets Life in Prison". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  16. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "No Motive Needed to Prove Guilt, Say Nazareth Judges". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  17. ^ TIMES OF ISRAEL STAFF. "Court to hear new testimony in Tair Rada murder case". The Times of Israel. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  18. ^ Ahiya Raved. "Court upholds Zadorov's conviction in teen girl's murder". YNet News. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  19. ^ Revital Hovel. "Supreme Court upholds conviction of Roman Zadorov for 2006 murder of teen Tair Rada". The Jurusalem Post. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  20. ^ Ayelett Shani. "How You Could Land in Jail for Committing No Crime". Haaretz. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  21. ^ Mazal Mualem. "Did Israel's judicial system cover up sex scandal?". Al-Monitor. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  22. ^ Revital Hovel. "Israeli Judge Resigns Over Sex Crime Allegations". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  23. ^ Revital Hovel and Ronni Linder-Gantz. "Professor Motta Kremnitzer:"Conduct of the State Prosecution in the Zadorov case is scary"". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  24. ^ Revital Hovel. "Public Defender Accuses State of Vengefulness". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  25. ^ Revital Hovel. "Chief Pathologist Barred From Retrial on 2006 Murder of Israeli Teen". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  26. ^ Revital Hovel. "Chief Pathologist: State Is Gagging Doctors in Trial". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  27. ^ Revital Hovel and Ronny Linder-Ganz. "Controversial Coroner Wins Legal Battle With State Prosecutor's Office". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  28. ^ Yoav Dotan. "Dr Forman and Mister Nitzan". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  29. ^ Revital Hovel. "Former Justice Dorit Beinisch Slams Oversight of State Prosecution". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  30. ^ Ronny Linder-Ganz and Revital Hovel. "Israeli State Prosecutor Admits He Went Too Far in Blocking Chief Pathologist Appointment". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  31. ^ Sharon Pulwer. "Attorney General Quizzes Legal Watchdog Over Exceeding Authority". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  32. ^ Sharon Pulwer. "Attorney General Backs State's Right to Change Officials' Affidavits". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  33. ^ Sharon Pulwer. "Head of the State Forensic Institute to "Uvda": "I am intimidated by the State Prosecution"". Mako (Hebrew). Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  34. ^ Sharon Pulwer. "11 Prosecutors petitioned the Supreme Court to block publication of the Forensic Institute report". Haaretz daily (Hebrew). Retrieved March 31, 2016.
  35. ^ "Rare in its severity letter by Ombudswoman of the Prosecution regarding Chief State Prosecutor Shai Nitzan - 'is not telling the truth'". Nana (Hebrew). Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  36. ^ "Commissioner of Prosecutorial Oversight Gerstel resigned on the background of fight with State Prosecutors". Haaretz daily (Hebrew). Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  37. ^ "The Prosecutor who caused Gerstel's resignation: "In order to fix things, you don't create a pirate agency"". Calcalist (Hebrew). Retrieved June 5, 2016.
  38. ^ "Prof. Daniel Friedman: he Attorney General cannot gag the entire State, and not let anybody voice an opinion". Knesset Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee News. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
  39. ^ Eli Ashkenazi and Haaretz Correspondent. "Rada Family Calls for Panel of Inquiry Into Daughter's Murder". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  40. ^ JPOST.COM STAFF. "Rada family petitions Court for details on murder". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  41. ^ Eli Ashkenazi. "Parents of Murdered Golan Teen Petition Court to Reopen Probe". Haaretz daily. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  42. ^ JPOST.COM STAFF. "Ilana Rada: Zadarov didn't kill my daughter". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  43. ^ Hizki Ezra. "Israel Police tried to confiscate Uvdah investigative journalism materials Attorney General Backs State's Right to Change Officials' Affidavits". Arutz 7. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  44. ^ "The Brutal Murder Case That Continues to Haunt Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  45. ^ "Polygraph Backs Claim of Man Who Says Blood-craving' Ex-girlfriend Killed Schoolgirl From Golan". Haaretz. March 28, 2016. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  46. ^ "Top Israeli Judge, Prosecutor Slam TV Documentary About Murdered Girl". Haaretz. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  47. ^ "Netflix Buys Rights to Israeli True Crime Docu About Notorious Murder". Haaretz. Retrieved February 11, 2017.