Mycena rosea

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Mycena rosea
Mycena rosea, Rosy Bonnet, UKB.jpg
Scientific classification
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Species:
M. rosea
Binomial name
Mycena rosea
(Schumach.) Gramberg
Synonyms

Agaricus roseus Schumach.
Mycena pura f. rosea (Schumach.) J.E. Lange
Mycena pura var. rosea (Schumach.) J.E. Lange

Mycena rosea
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is conical
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: unknown

Mycena rosea, commonly known as the rosy bonnet,[1] is a species of mushroom in the Mycenaceae family. First named Agaricus roseus in 1803 by Danish botanist Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, it was given its present name in 1912 by Gramberg.

Description[edit]

The cap initially has a convex shape before flattening; its diameter may reach up to 6 cm (2.4 in).[2]

Similar species[edit]

Mycena sororius is a closely related species that has been reliably distinguished from M. rosea by the electrophoretic migration of isozymes, as well as having larger spores—7.5–8.5 to 10 by 4.8–5.5 µm, compared to 6.5–9 by 4.5–5 µm for M. rosea.[3]

Bioactive compounds[edit]

The fruit bodies of Mycena rosea contain two red alkaloid pigments that are unique to this species. Named mycenarubin A, and mycenarubin B, these chemicals are related to the so-called damirones that are found in marine sponges.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Recommended English Names for Fungi in the UK" (PDF). British Mycological Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-16.
  2. ^ Jordan M. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe. London: Frances Lincoln. p. 171. ISBN 0-7112-2378-5. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
  3. ^ Perreau Bertrand J, BoisselierDubayle MC, Lambourdiere J (1996). "Mycena sororia sp nov, close to M. rosea Gramberg (Basidiomycotina)". Mycotaxon. 60: 263–73.
  4. ^ Peters S, Spiteller P (2007). "Mycenarubins A and B, red pyrroloquinoline alkaloids from the mushroom Mycena rosea". Journal of Organic Chemistry (10): 1571–76. doi:10.1002/ejoc.200600826.

External links[edit]