NOAAS Oregon II (R 332)
NOAAS Oregon II (R 332) in 2007.
|Bureau of Commercial Fisheries|
|Name:||BCF Oregon II|
|Builder:||Ingalls Shipyard, Pascagoula, Mississippi|
|Acquired:||August 1967 (delivery)|
|Identification:||Call sign WTDO|
|Fate:||Transferred to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 3 October 1970|
|National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|
|Name:||NOAAS Oregon II (R 332)|
|Namesake:||Previous name retained|
|Acquired:||Transferred from Bureau of Commercial Fisheries 3 October 1970|
|Commissioned:||17 March 1977|
|Department of Commerce Gold Medal (1999)|
|Type:||Fisheries research ship|
|Length:||170 ft (52 m)|
|Beam:||34 ft (10 m)|
|Draft:||15 ft (4.6 m)|
|Depth:||24.1 ft (7.3 m)|
|Range:||7,810 nautical miles (14,460 km)|
|Boats & landing
|1 x 18.2-foot (5.5 m) rescue boat|
|Complement:||19 (5 NOAA Corps officers and mates, 3 licensed engineers, and 11 other crew members), plus up to 12 scientists.|
NOAAS Oregon II (R 332) is an American fisheries research vessel in commission in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) fleet since 1977. Prior to her NOAA career, she was delivered to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service's Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in 1967 and was transferred to NOAA in 1970, but was not placed in commission until 1977.
Construction and commissioning
Oregon II was built for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at Ingalls Shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi. She was launched in February 1967 and delivered to the Fish and Wildlife Service's Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in August 1967, but was not commissioned. When NOAA was established on 3 October 1970, she became part of NOAA's fleet, and finally was commissioned on March 17, 1977, as NOAAS Oregon II (R 332).
Characteristics and capabilities
Oregon II is outfitted as a double-rigged shrimp trawler, longliner, gillnetter, fish trap hauler, and dredger. She has a hydraulic seine-trawl winch with a maximum pull of 30,000 pounds (13,610 kg) and drum capacity of 1,200 feet (366 meters) of 9/16-inch (14.3-mm) wire rope, and she has two outriggers for trawling. She also has two hydrographic winches with 0.322-inch (8.2-mm) EM cable, a hydraulic one with a maximum pull of 3,000 pounds (1,361 kg) and a drum capacity of 12,139 feet (3,000 meters), and an electric one with a drum capacity of 13,123 feet (4,000 meters). She also has a self-contained hydraulic MOCNESS winch for the collection of zooplankton and nekton with a maximum pull weight of 3,000 pounds (1,361 kg) and a drum capacity of 7,972 feet (2,430 meters) of 0.68-inch (17.3-mm) wire rope. She is equipped with a rotating telescoping boom crane with a lift capacity of 3,000 pounds (1,361 kg), a rotating crane with a lift capacity of 6,000 pounds (2,722 kg), and a J-frame with a maximum safe working load of 3,500 pounds (1,588 kg).
Oregon II has various laboratory capabilities. A 275-square-foot (25.5-square-meter) wet laboratory is situated aft on her main deck. She also has a 100-square-foot (9.3-square-meter) biology laboratory, a 75-square-foot (7-square-meter) computer laboratory, and a 210-square-foot (19.5-square-meter) hydrographic laboratory. She has a scientific freezer forward.
Oregon II has undergone an upgrade in which she received new electronic fish detection equipment, environmental sensors, and deck-handling and electronics equipment. Her laboratory and living spaces were refurbished, her original Fairbanks Morse main engines were replaced by new, more powerful Caterpillar engines, and a bow thruster was added to improve both her station-keeping and shiphandling capability.
Operated by NOAA's Office of Marine and Aviation Operations, Oregon II conducts fishery and living marine resource studies in support of the research of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Pascagoula Laboratory in Pascagoula. The ship collects fish and crustacean specimens using trawls and benthic longlines and fish larvae, fish eggs, and plankton using plankton nets and surface and midwater larval nets. She normally operates in the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean off the southeastern United States, and the Caribbean Sea. Her home port is Pascagoula.
Oregon II's projects include summer and autumn groundfish surveys, summer shark longline surveys, and surveys of ichthyoplankton, marine mammals, and reef fish. She annually supports a striped bass survey and tagging effort by NMFS's Beaufort Laboratory in Beaufort, North Carolina.
On 16 March 1989, an engine fire broke out aboard Oregon II while she was moored at Mobile, Alabama. Her chief engineer, Mr. James V. Brosh, entered the smoke-filled engine room to make sure it was clear of personnel before discharging carbon dioxide into the area to fight the fire. He later personally directed Mobile Fire Department firefighters in extinguishing the blaze. His actions were credited with limiting the damage and saving the ship, and for his courage and heroism in ensuring the safety of personnel and in fighting the fire, he received the Department of Commerce Silver Medal later in 1989.
In August 1998, Oregon II became the first United States Government ship to call at Havana, Cuba, since Fidel Castro took control of the country in 1959. She visited Cuba to take part with NOAA's Cuban counterparts in a survey of sharks in Cuban waters to help determine shark migration patterns in the waters of the United States, Cuba, and Mexico. Her work in Cuba supplemented similar work done in Mexican waters.
On 28 February 1999, Oregon II was 25 nautical miles (46 km) off Cape Canaveral, Florida, bound for Pascagoula when she sighted two men and a woman clinging to a capsized 25-foot (7.6-meter) fishing boat in growing darkness and 6-to-8-foot (1.8-to-2.4-meter) seas. The three people had been unable to send any distress signal, had been in the water for about five hours, were beginning to suffer hypothermia, and were in real danger of perishing during the upcoming night when Oregon II rescued them. Oregon II transferred them to a United States Coast Guard cutter, which returned them to shore. For vigilant watchstanding and promptly rescuing the three people, Oregon II received the Department of Commerce Gold Medal in 1999.
When NOAA retired the fisheries research ship NOAAS John N. Cobb (R 552) in August 2008, Oregon II became the oldest ship in the NOAA fleet. She achieved a milestone on 27 July 2012, when she departed Pascagoula on her 300th research cruise, an annual assessment of red snapper and shark populations in the Gulf of Mexico and western Atlantic Ocean. By that time, she had logged 10,000 days at sea and more than 1,000,000 nautical miles (1,850,000 km), and her projects had taken her as far south as the Amazon River delta in Brazil and as far north as Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
Honors and awards
In a ceremony in 1999 in Washington, D.C., Oregon II was awarded the Department of Commerce Gold Medal for "public service or heroism" for her lifesaving efforts off Florida on 28 February 1999. The program for the ceremony cited her achievement as follows:
The NOAA Ship OREGON II is recognized for the rescue of two men and one woman whose 25-foot boat capsized in heavy weather off the Florida coast. By the time the OREGON II found them, the hapless mariners had been in the water for about five hours and had begun to suffer the debilitating effects of hypothermia. With darkness falling and the vessel drifting helplessly in the Gulf Stream and authorities unaware of their situation or their position, the three would almost surely have perished were it not for the vigilant watchstanding and prompt rescue efforts of the OREGON II.
- NOAA Ship Oregon II Characteristics and Capabilities
- moc.noaa.gov OREGON II
- NOAA Ship Oregon II flier
- NOAA Ship Oregon II Engineering
- NOAA Ship Oregon II
- NOAA History: Hall of Honor: Commerce Medals Presented For Lifesaving and the Protection of Property 1955-2000
- Anonymous, "Crew Of Research Ship Rescues 3 Clinging To Boat," Orlando Sentinel, March 5, 1999.
- Havens, April M., "NOAA ship Oregon II to leave Pascagoula on 300th research cruise," gulflive.com, July 26, 2012, 4:20 PM
- Program of Fifty-First Annual Honor Awards, United States Department of Commerce, 1999: Gold Medal: NOAA Ship OREGON II, Office of Marine and Aviation Operations, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration