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Groundfish are fish that live on, in, or near the bottom of the body of water they inhabit. Some typical saltwater groundfish species are cod,[1] flounder, halibut, and sole.

Related terms used in different contexts include "demersal fish" and "whitefish", and (more broadly) "bottom feeder" .

Regulations in the United States[edit]

Saltwater groundfish harvesting is subject to numerous federal regulations in the United States, such as 50 CFR 679, dealing with fishing in Alaskan waters.

Freshwater groundfish harvesting is not subject to federal regulation per se (certain species may be subject to other rules), perhaps because there are fewer true groundfish species that live in fresh water.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ariosto, David (January 31, 2013). "Historic cod fishing cuts threaten centuries-old industry in New England". CNN. Retrieved 2012-02-01.

External links[edit]