National Socialist Freedom Movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from NSFB)
Jump to: navigation, search

The National Socialist Freedom Movement German: Nationalsozialistische Freiheitsbewegung, or NSFB) or National Socialist Freedom Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Freiheitspartei, or NSFP) was a German political party created in April 1924 in the aftermath of the Munich Putsch. Adolf Hitler and many National Socialist (Nazi) leaders were jailed after the attempted coup and the Nazi Party was outlawed in what came to be known as the "Time of Struggle". The remaining Nazis formed the NSFB as a legal means of carrying on the party and its ideology. Included in this party was the similarly reformed and renamed Frontbann, which was a legal alternative to the SA.

In the May 1924 elections the NSFB won 32 seats in the Reichstag. The eminent World War I General Erich Ludendorff and former Sturmabteilung (SA) head Ernst Röhm, and also Theodor Fritsch, Wilhelm Kube, Theodor Vahlen, Ernst Graf zu Reventlow, Albrecht von Graefe, and Christian Mergenthaler were among the winning candidates. However, in the December 1924 elections, the party lost 18 of these seats. On February 27, 1925 the National Socialist Party was reformed after the ban expired in January and Hitler had been released from prison in December 1924. The NSFB was then reabsorbed into the National Socialist Party.

In the elections the NSFB had formed an electoral alliance with Ludendorff's German Völkisch Freedom Party. In some districts it was called the Völkisch-nationaler Block.