NUTS of Portugal
The NUTS of Portugal, refers to the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics system developed by Eurostat, and employed in Portugal for statistical purposes. The NUTS branch extends from NUTS1, NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions, with the complementary LAU (Local Administrative Units) sub-categorization being used to differentiate the local areas, of trans-national importance.
NUTS in Portugal
Developed by Eurostat and implemented in 1998, the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions, which comprises three levels of the Portuguese territory, are instrumental in European Union'sStructural Fund delivery mechanisms. The standard was developed by the European Union, and thus only covers the member states, and extensively used by national governments, Eurostat and other EU bodies for statistical and policy matters. Until 4 November 2002, the Sistema Estatístico Nacional (SEN) used a NUTS codification system that was distinct from the Eurostat system. With the enactment of Decree Law 244/2002 (5 November 2002), published in the Diário da República, this system was abandoned in order to harmonize the national system with that of Eurostat.
The NUTS system subdivides the nation into three levels: NUTS I, NUTS II and NUTS III. In some European partners, as is the case with Portugal, a complementary hierarchy, respectively LAU I and LAU II (posteriorly referred to as NUTS IV and NUTS V) is employed. The LAU, or Local Administrative Units, in the Portuguese context pertains to the 308 municipalities (LAU I) and 4257 civil parishes (LAU II) respectively. In the broadest sense, the NUTS hierarchy, while they may follow some of the borders (municipal or parish) diverge in their delineation.
|NUTS 1: National||3||Continental Portugal, the Azores and Madeira|
|NUTS 2: Regions||7||Regional Coordination Commissions, and Autonomous Regions|
|NUTS 3: Subregion||25||Administrative and Autonomous Regions|
Although the districts are still the most socially relevant subdivision, their function is being phased in favour of locally oriented regional units, and regions are growing in importance. Portugal is divided into five regions, administered by the Commissions for Coordination and Regional Development (Portuguese: Comissões de Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Regional) in mainland Portugal, plus the two autonomous regions that are their own NUTS II regions.
The seven regions of Portugal are likewise subdivided into 30 subregions (Portuguese: subregiões) with statistical relevance only. Since these regions are based on European standards and not national distinctions, there are inconsistencies between Portuguese regions, subregions and/or district divisions.
The two autonomous regions (Portuguese: regiões autónomas) in the Atlantic, correspond to their own NUTS I, II and III categories.
- PT1 CONTINENTE
- PT11 Norte
- PT15 Algarve
- PT150 Algarve
- PT16 Centro
- PT17 Lisboa
- PT18 Alentejo
- PT2 Região Autónoma dos AÇORES
- PT3 Região Autónoma da MADEIRA
Municipalities and civil parishes were at NUTS IV and V levels, but these nomenclature units have been abolished and substituted by LAUs: the municipality is classified as LAU 1, while the civil parish is LAU level 2. Below the NUTS levels, the two LAU (Local Administrative Units) levels are:
|LAU 2||4260||Civil Parishes|
The LAU codes of Portugal can be downloaded at: Eurostat
- Administrative divisions of Portugal
- Subdivisions of Portugal
- ISO 3166-2 codes of Portugal
- FIPS region codes of Portugal
- The NUTS system was approved by Community Legislation in 1998, but only entered into function in 2003 through enacting regulations.
- University of Coimbra (2010), p.2
- Instituto Nacional de Estatística (Portuguese language) – Nomenclatura das Unidades Territoriais para fins Estatísticos 2002, accessed May 2006
- de Informação Geográfica (Portuguese language) – Biblioteca de Mapas Administrativos, accessed May 2006
- Hierarchical list of the Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics - NUTS and the Statistical regions of Europe
- Overview map of EU Countries - NUTS level 1
- Correspondence between the NUTS levels and the national administrative units
- List of current NUTS codes
- Regions of Portugal, Statoids.com
- Municipalities of Portugal, Statoids.com
- Regiões de Portugal, LOCAL.PT