New York State Route 320
Map of the Norwich area with NY 320 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYSDOT|
|Length||3.55 mi (5.71 km)|
|Existed||1930 – present|
|West end||NY 12 in Norwich|
|East end||CR 29 in North Norwich|
New York State Route 320 (NY 320) is an east–west state highway located within Chenango County in the central part of New York in the United States. It extends for 3.55 miles (5.71 km) from an intersection with NY 12 north of the city of Norwich to a junction with Tiffany Road in the town of North Norwich. The road shifts from state to county maintenance at the latter junction, and NY 320's right-of-way continues northeast from Tiffany Road as County Route 29 (CR 29). NY 320 was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York.
NY 320 begins a half-mile (0.8 km) north of the Norwich city limits at an intersection with NY 12 in the town of Norwich. The highway heads to the northeast as a two-lane road, serving a commercial area along the southern edge of Lt. Warren Eaton Airport. It crosses over the Chenango River and a grade crossing with the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway prior to intersecting CR 32 (East River Road). Past the junction, the commercial establishments give way to homes as the route continues to head away from the Norwich area. Near the eastern edge of a valley surrounding the Chenango River, NY 320 briefly turns eastward, running along the Norwich–North Norwich town line and crossing over Thompson Creek, a tributary of the Chenango River.
After a quarter-mile (0.4 km), NY 320 curves back to the northeast and fully enters North Norwich. The route loosely parallels Thompson Creek as it runs uphill from the Chenango River valley, passing gradually fewer homes as it ascends in elevation. Eventually, the residences are replaced by farms as the road reaches a rural intersection with Tiffany Road. At this point, ownership and maintenance of NY 320's right-of-way shifts from the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) to Chenango County. The change in jurisdiction marks the eastern terminus of NY 320, and the state road's right-of-way continues east to a junction with NY 8 and NY 80 in the village of New Berlin as CR 29, which that route ends at the New Berlin village line and becomes a local road before ending at that intersection.
On October 22, 1907, the state of New York awarded a contract to reconstruct what is now NY 320 to state highway standards to the Newport Construction Company. Construction commenced on April 2, 1908 under the charge of engineer H.W. Benkhart. The new road would be constructed as a 12-foot (3.7 m) wide macadam road. This new road would be constructed with 6 inches (15 cm) of macadam from local quarries followed by limestone from Oriskany Falls in Oneida County. The road cost $35,518 to rebuild (equivalent to $967,405 in 2018), and it was added to the state highway system on October 15, 1908, as unsigned State Highway 597 (SH 597). In the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, hundreds of state-maintained highways were assigned a posted route number for the first time. One of these was SH 597, which was designated NY 320. The route's alignment has not been substantially altered since that time.
The entire route is in Chenango County.
|Town of Norwich||0.00||0.00||NY 12|
|North Norwich||3.55||5.71||Tiffany Road|
|3.55||5.71||CR 29||Continuation beyond Tiffany Road|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
- "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 213. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- Microsoft; Nokia (March 8, 2013). "overview map of NY 320" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "Men Assigned for Good Roads Work". The Broome Republican. April 25, 1908. p. 3. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
- Williams, Frank M. (1909). Annual Report of the State Engineer. State of New York. p. 274. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
- State of New York Commission of Highways (1922). Tables Giving Detailed Information and Present Status of All State, County and Federal Aid Highways. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. p. 34. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New York State Route 320.|
- New York State Route 320 at New York Routes