Nanjing University Medical School
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Nanjing University Medical School (NUMS or sometimes NMS, Chinese：南京大學醫學院, Hanyu Pinyin: Nánjīng Dàxué Yīxuéyuàn, colloquially 南大醫學院, Nándà Yīxuéyuàn), the Medical School of Nanjing University, is one of the major practical and professional schools of Nanjing University. The division of basic medicine is located in Xianlin campus, and division of clinical medicine in Gulou campus which is located in the centre of Nanjing.
Different from most other university medical schools in mainland China, it is relatively small since it is not a merge of a medical university, and it does not offer bachelor's degree.
Nanjing University has years of history in medical education and research or related to medical service. Nanking Imperial University did not have school of medicine. The first public school of medicine, Imperial Central Medical School, was established in Nanking in the 12th year of Yuanjia reign of Song of Southern Dynasties (CE 443), but it is independent, not part of imperial university, the same as other medical institutions such as Imperial Medical Institute (太醫院) in Ming Dynasty. However, some faculty members are experts in medicine, and besides officials, some graduates of ancient Nanking University became teachers (先生, 老師), advisers (幕僚, 師爺), lawyers (法家, 訟師), etc., as well as doctors (大夫, 醫師). E.g., Hu Ying (胡濙), the president of Nanking Imperial University, has several works in medicine, and famous doctor Dai Sigong (戴思恭) is his student. And in Ming Dynasty there was a university hospital with more than one hundred rooms.
Nanjing University established medical school in 1927 for the first time, with division of basic medicine in Nanjing and clinical medicine in Shanghai, merged Jiangsu Medical University which originated in 1912 in Suzhou, and the school renamed Medical College of National Central University in 1928. It is the first modern national university medical school in China. The first dean was Yan Fuqing (顏福慶). Chinese first degree of Doctor of Medicine was awarded in 1931 by the school. The Medical College of National Central University became independent National Shanghai Medical College in 1932. In 1935, National Central University founded medical school for the second time, and it was located in Nanjing. Qi Shounan (戚壽南) was appointed its first dean. Meanwhile, National School of Dentistry (國立牙醫專科學校), the first public dental school in China, was also founded by the university. National Central University moved to Chungking while its medical school and the Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of Agricultural School moved to Chengdu during Anti-Japanese war. In 1949, the Medical College of National Central University was renamed Medical College of National Nanjing University. The Nanjing University Medical College was changed to be Eastern Military Medical College in 1952, then moved to Xi'an and became the Fourth Military Medical University in 1954.
In 1987, Nanjing University again reestablished medical school, and it was the only university medical school directly under the Ministry of Education in mainland China at the time. Nanjing Gulou Hospital, formerly the hospital of University of Nanking, became clinical teaching hospital. In 1994, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital became the third clinical teaching hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, after Gulou Hospital and Nanjing General Hospital, and Nanjing University Medical School established the School of Stomatology in 2009.
Major composition of the school of medicine
- Basic medicine (Division of Basic Medicine, Nanjing University Medical School)
- Clinical medicine (Division of Clinical Medicine, Nanjing University Medical School)
- Oral medicine (School of Stomatology, Nanjing University Medical School)
Clinical teaching and research hospitals
- Nanjing Gulou Hospital (鼓樓醫院, or translated as Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital ). The Gulou Hospital is the first modern hospital of western medicine in Nanjing, established in 1892.
- Nanjing General Hospital (南总医院, 南京军区南京总医院, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region; also named 金陵医院, Jinling Hospital or Nanking Hospital). The Nanjing General Hospital was formerly the National Central Hospital (國立中央醫院), which is the first modern national hospital directly established by Ministry of Health of China, founded in 1930.
- Nanjing Stomatological Hospital (南京市口腔医院). The name of Nanjing Stomatological Hospital was adopted in 1986, and its predecessor was the Institute of Dental Treatment Services of National Central Hygiene Experiment Hospital (NCHEH was later to become Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences), established in 1947.
Notes and references
- 培养临床研究型人才的学科基地——南京大学医学院口腔医学院（南京市口腔医院）成立纪实 (Record of events of dental school of Nanjing University)