Nathan Yellin-Mor

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Nathan Yellin-Mor
Year of aliyah1941
Knessets1st

Nathan Yellin-Mor (Hebrew: נתן ילין-מור‎, born Nathan Friedman-Yellin in 1913, died 19 February 1980) was a Revisionist Zionist activist, Lehi leader and Israeli politician. In his later years, he became a radical pacifist who supported negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organization and big concessions in the Israeli-Arab conflict.

Biography

Friedman-Yellin was born in in Grodno in the Russian Empire (now Belarus). He studied engineering at the Warsaw Polytechnic. He was active in Betar and Irgun in Poland. Between 1938 and 1939 he was the coeditor, along with Avraham Stern (Yair), of Di Tat ("The State"), the Irgun's newspaper in Poland.[1]

He immigrated clandestinely with Stern to the British Mandate of Palestine and joined Lehi, a Jewish paramilitary group (the Stern gang). In December 1941 he attempted to travel to Turkey to negotiate with Nazi representatives for a mass release of Jews from Eastern Europe in return for Nazi support for Lehi's fight against Britain. His mission was aborted when he was arrested in Syria. Repatriated, he was put into detention by the British at Latrun managed to dig a 70 metre tunnel, together with 19 comrades, and escape in 1943. After Stern's death, he became a member of the Lehi triumvirate, with Israel Eldad, chief of Lehi propaganda and Yitzhak Shamir, operations chief.[1]. Yellin-Mor looked after Lehi's political interests.

Nathan Yellin-Mor (center) and Matityahu Shmueliwitz in front of the Acre prison, after their release in 1949.

He was one of the planners of assassination of Lord Moyne. He saw the struggle against the British in an international context, and advocated collaboration with other anti-colonialist forces, including Palestinian and other Arab forces. After the Deir Yassin massacre, he privately confronted Eldad.[2]

In 1948 he formed the Fighters List, and he was elected to the First Knesset, from 1949 to 1951, where he was a member of the Internal Affairs committee. In 1949 he was tried and convicted for the September 1948 assassination of United Nations emissary Count Folke Bernadotte, but was released after his party gained a seat in the Knesset.[2]

In 1949, he denounced the Partition of Palestine as "bartering with the territory of the homeland" and opposed the Palestinian right of return.[3] Later, he moved increasingly to the left, in a return to the pro-Soviet position of some Lehi militants in the 1940s, by advocating a pro-Soviet foreign policy. He also turned a new leaf and dedicated much of his later years to working for reconciliation with the Palestinians, and negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organisation.[2][4] In 1956 he helped found the group Semitic Action, whose journal he edited.

Publications

  • Yellin-Mor, Nathan (1974). Fighters for the Freedom of Israel – Personalities, Ideas, and Adventures. Jerusalem: Shiḳmonah. (in Hebrew)
  • Yellin-Mor, Nathan (1990). The ere years. Tel Aviv: Kineret. ISBN 9789652862372. (in Hebrew)

References

  1. ^ a b Daves, Bryan. "Natan Yellin-Mor". Answers.com. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
  2. ^ a b c Shindler, Colin (2001). The Land Beyond Promise: Israel, Likud and the Zionist Dream. I.B.Tauris. pp. 182–183. ISBN 186064774X.
  3. ^ Shavit, Jacob (1987). The New Hebrew Nation: A Study in Israeli Heresy and Fantasy. Routledge. p. 148. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  4. ^ http://www.counterpunch.org/abourezk06062008.html James Abourezk,'Name That Terrorist', Counterpunch June 6, 2008

External links

Nathan Yellin-Mor on the Knesset website