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Palestine is located in Asia
  Borders of the Palestinian territories (West Bank and Gaza Strip) which are claimed by the State of Palestine
  Borders of Mandatory Palestine
  Historical boundaries of Roman Syria Palaestina, where dashed green line shows the boundary between Byzantine Palaestina Prima (later Jund Filastin) and Palaestina Secunda (later Jund al-Urdunn), as well as Palaestina Salutaris (later Jebel et-Tih and the Jifar)

Palestine usually refers to:

  • Palestine (region), a geographical and historical region in the Middle East
  • The Holy Land, an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea
  • Land of Israel, another common name for roughly the same region
  • State of Palestine, a modern, partially recognized state in the Middle East
  • The Palestinian territories, or "Israeli occupied Palestinian territories", referring to the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip
    • Palestinian National Authority, also known as Palestinian Authority, an interim self-government body established in 1994 to govern parts of the territories. Since 2013, the Palestinian National Authority is officially referred to as the State of Palestine by international and internal organisations

Palestine may also refer to:

Historical political entities

  • Mandatory Palestine (1920–1948), a geopolitical entity under British administration
  • Ottoman Syria, divisions of the Ottoman Empire within the Levant
    • Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem (1872-1917), also known as the "Sanjak of Jerusalem", an Ottoman district commonly referred to as "Southern Syria" or "Palestine". The district encompassed Jerusalem, Gaza, Jaffa, Hebron, Bethlehem and Beersheba.
  • Jund Filastin (638 – 10th century), was one of the military districts of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphate province of Bilad al-Sham (Syria)
  • Byzantine Palestine
    • Palaestina Prima, a Byzantine province in the Levant from 390 to 636, comprising the Galilee and northern Jordan Valley
    • Palaestina Secunda, a Byzantine province in the Levant from 390 to 636, comprising the shoreline and hills of the Southern Levant (Judea and Samaria)
    • Palaestina Salutaris, a Byzantine province established in 6th century, covering the Negev and Transjordan
  • Syria Palaestina or Roman Palestine, a Roman province (135-390 CE) (135-330 CE), a province of the Roman Empire following merger of renamed Iudaea with Roman Syria
  • Palaistinê or Palaestina names used by Greek and Romans to refer to parts of the Levant during the Persian and Hellenic periods
  • Philistia, a name used in the Bible to refer to a pentapolis in the Southern Levant, established by Philistines c.1175 BC and existing in various forms until the Assyrian conquest in 8th century
  • Paralia (Palestine), the coastal eparchy of Palestine during Hellenistic and Roman times.

Other places







  • Palestrina (also known as Praeneste), an ancient city and municipality with a population of about 18,000, in Lazio, c. 35 km (22 mi) east of Rome



Saudi Arabia

United Kingdom

United States





See also