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Palestine

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Palestine is located in Asia
  Borders of the Palestinian territories (West Bank and Gaza Strip) which are claimed by the State of Palestine
  Borders of Mandatory Palestine
  Historical boundaries of Roman Syria Palaestina, where dashed green line shows the boundary between Byzantine Palaestina Prima (later Jund Filastin) and Palaestina Secunda (later Jund al-Urdunn), as well as Palaestina Salutaris (later Jebel et-Tih and the Jifar)

Palestine usually refers to:

  • Palestine (region), a geographical and historical region in the Middle East
  • State of Palestine, a modern de-jure sovereign state in the Middle East recognized by 136 UN members and with non-member observer state status in the United Nations
  • "Palestinian territories", or "occupied Palestinian territories", terms referring to the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel
    • Palestinian National Authority, also known as the Palestinian Authority, an interim self-government body established in 1994 to govern parts of the territories. Since 2013, the Palestinian National Authority is officially referred to as the State of Palestine by most international organisations.

Palestine may also refer to:

Historical political entities

Ancient
  • Palaistinê or Palaestina names used by Greek and Romans to refer to parts of the Levant during the Persian and Hellenistic periods
  • Syria Palaestina or Roman Palestine, a Roman province (135-390 CE), a province of the Roman Empire following merger of renamed Iudaea with Roman Syria
  • Palaestina Prima, a Byzantine province in the Levant from 390 to ca. 636, comprising the Galilee and northern Jordan Valley
  • Palaestina Secunda, a Byzantine province in the Levant from 390 to ca. 636, comprising the shoreline and hills of the Southern Levant (Judea and Samaria)
  • Palaestina Salutaris alias Palestina Tertia, a Byzantine province established in the 6th century, covering the Negev and Transjordan
Modern
  • Jund Filastin (638 – 10th century), one of the military districts of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphate province of Bilad al-Sham (Syria)
  • Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem (1872-1917), also known as the "Sanjak of Jerusalem", an Ottoman district commonly referred to as "Southern Syria" or "Palestine". The district encompassed Jerusalem, Gaza, Jaffa, Hebron, Bethlehem and Beersheba.
  • Mandatory Palestine (1920–1948), a geopolitical entity under British administration

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See also