National Child Abuse Prevention Month

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National Child Abuse Prevention Month
Also calledChild Abuse Prevention Month
Observed byUnited States
DateMonth of April
Frequencyannual

National Child Abuse Prevention Month, also known as Child Abuse Prevention Month in America, is an annual observance in the United States dedicated to raising awareness and preventing child abuse. April has been designated Child Abuse Prevention Month in the United States since 1983.[1] U.S. President Barack Obama continued that tradition,[2] and in 2016 issued a Presidential proclamation stating: "During National Child Abuse Prevention Month, we recommit to giving every child a chance to succeed and to ensuring that every child grows up in a safe, stable, and nurturing environment that is free from abuse and neglect."[3]

Definition of child abuse[edit]

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines child abuse and child maltreatment as "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power."[4] In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses the term child maltreatment to refer to both acts of commission (abuse), which include "words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child", and acts of omission (neglect), meaning "the failure to provide for a child's basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm".The United States federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum, "any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation" and/or "an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm".[5][6]

Purpose of National Child Abuse Prevention Month[edit]

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services states that for National Child Abuse Prevention Month, communities should rededicate themselves to being supportive of families, and play an active role in preventing child abuse and neglect as well as taking positive action to promote child and family well-being.[7] One way the Federal government of the United States provides funding for child-abuse prevention is through Community-Based Grants for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (CBCAP).[8]

A report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services noted that in FFY 2014 in the United States, an approximately 646,000 children were victims of child abuse or neglect, while still another 1,580 children died from abuse or neglect. The majority of child abuse cases result from conditions that can be prevented through community programs, systems, support and interventions.[9]

History[edit]

April has been designated Child Abuse Prevention Month in the United States since 1983.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Child Welfare Information Gateway Archived 2010-08-28 at the Wayback Machine, History of National Child Abuse Prevention Month. 3 April 2009.
  2. ^ Presidential Proclamation Marking National Child Abuse Prevention Month Archived 2009-08-31 at the Wayback Machine. The White House – Press Room, 1 April 2009.
  3. ^ Presidential Proclamation -- National Child Abuse Prevention Month, 2016 The White House, March 31, 2016
  4. ^ "Child abuse and neglect by parents and other caregivers" (PDF). World Health Organization. p. 3. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  5. ^ Herrenkohl RC (2005). "The definition of child maltreatment: from case study to construct". Child Abuse and Neglect. 29 (5): 413–24. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.04.002. PMID 15970317.
  6. ^ "Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect in Federal Law". childwelfare.gov. Children’s Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved February 2016. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. ^ APRIL IS NATIONAL CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION MONTH U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, accessed April 7, 2016
  8. ^ U.S. Administration for Children and Families. Department of Health and Human Services. Children's Bureau.
  9. ^ National Child Abuse Prevention Month (April 2016) National Child Traumatic Stress Network, April 2016
  10. ^ Child Welfare Information Gateway Archived 2010-08-28 at the Wayback Machine, History of National Child Abuse Prevention Month. 3 April 2009.