National Democratic Action Society
|National Democratic Action Society - Wa'ad
جمعية العمل الوطني الديمقراطي - وعد
|General Secretary||Ibrahim Sharif|
|Slogan||الوطن أمانة..وبسنا فساد|
|Preceded by||Popular Front for the Liberation of Bahrain|
|Headquarters||Umm Al Hassam, Bahrain|
|Student wing||The Change Student Bloc|
|Youth wing||The Youth Bureau - Waad|
|Ideology||Arab nationalism Socialism|
|Politics of Bahrain
History and profile
It emerged from the Popular Front, a "radical" clandestine opposition movement of socialist and Arab nationalist orientation. Under the reform process initiated by Bahrain's King Hamad, the leaders of the Popular Front returned from exile to participate in the political process through the National Democratic Action.
The party's origins lie in the split within the Left in the Arab world in the 1960s, between a pro-Moscow camp and a pro-China camp, with the NDA's leaders backing Beijing. The party is the first licensed political group in any of the Arab States of The Gulf.
Historically, the Left in Bahrain had been very strong, partly as a result of the creation of a local working class through the Kingdom's industrialisation with the discovery of oil in the 1930s; however the waning of Arab nationalism, the collapse of communism as an ideology and the rise of the Islamist Right have marginalised the NDA and robbed it of much of its traditional support. The party was established by returning exiles in 2002.
The current leader of the party is Ibrahim Sharif Al-Sayed, who took over in 2005 from Abdul-Rahman Al Nuaimi. In 2005 the party renamed itself Wa'ad (Arabic: وعد), which translates to "Promise". Other prominent members include: Abdul-Nabi Alekri, Ebrahim KamalAldeen, Sami Seyadi, Ali Salih and Munira Fakhro
The party suffered a very disappointing result in 2002's municipal elections when none of its candidates were elected in any constituency. Despite this, the NDA's leaders are widely respected and retain a great deal of influence in Bahraini society. The party boycotted 2002's parliamentary elections, but took part in the Bahraini parliamentary election of 2006; among its candidates was its vice president and former Harvard academic, Munira Fakhro, who contested an Isa Town constituency against Salah Ali of Al-Menbar Islamic Society.
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- Popular Front for the Liberation of Bahrain
- National Liberation Front – Bahrain
- Progressive Democratic Tribune
- Ibrahim Sharif
- Munira Fakhro
- Bahrain election 2006 women candidates
- "Bahrain opposition figure al-Nuaimi dies". Associated Press (Forbes Magazine). 1 September 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- Popular protests in North Africa and the Middle East (III): The Bahrain Revolt (PDF) (Report). International Crisis Group. 6 April 201. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 12 August 2012. Check date values in:
- "A field guide to Bahraini political parties". The Daily Telegraph. Wikileaks. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- "Bahrain. Political parties". Global Security. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- National Democratic Action (Arabic)
- List of Central Committee members, 2006 (from Gulf Daily News)
- 'Few political societies try to bridge gap between Sunnis and Shiites', Gulf News, 4 October 2006