National Museum, Poznań
Historic south wing, built in 1904
|Location||9 Karol Marcinkowski Avenues
The National Museum, Poznań (Polish: Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu), Poland, popularly abbreviated as MNP, is a state-owned cultural institution and one of the largest museums in Poland. It houses a rich collection of Polish painting from the 16th century on, and a collection of foreign painting (Italian, Spanish, Dutch and German). The museum is also home to numismatic collections and a gallery of applied arts.
The National Museum in Poznań was established in 1857, as the "Museum of Polish and Slavic Antiquities". In 1894 the museum was renamed Provincial Museum of Posen. In 1902, the museum was renamed Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum. The current building was designed by Carl Hinckeldyen and built in 1904.
During World War II the building was damaged, the collection looted by German military, while numerous museum exhibits, including the natural and ethnographic collections, were destroyed. After the war the Polish Government retrieved many of the works taken by the Germans. At the turn of the 1960s and the 1970s the project of a new north wing of the museum was designed by architect Marian Trzaska. In 1990s it was adapted by interior designer Witold Gyurkovich and opened to the public in 2001.
Museum's collections are on display in seven thematic exhibition galleries that explore the major trends and disciplines of the age: the Gallery of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Polish Art from 16th-to-18th century; and, in the new wing: the Gallery of Polish art from the period of foreign partitions until the end of World War II, the Gallery of European Art (or Foreign Painting), the Gallery of Modern Art, and the Poster and Graphic design Gallery. In 2006, the collections of the museum included 309 569 art objects in total as well as 4119 deposits.
The works of many prominent Polish artists are displayed in the Gallery of Polish art, which includes paintings by Jan Matejko, Olga Boznańska, Jacek Malczewski, Stanisław Wyspiański, Leon Wyczółkowski, and Władysław Czachórski.
Gallery of Foreign Painting
The Main Building features one of the largest galleries of foreign painting in Poland, predominantly originating from the collection owned by Count Raczyński:
- Sofonisba Anguissola, The Chess Game,
- Giovanni Bellini, Madonna with Child,
- Bernardo Bellotto, Election of Stanislas Augustus,
- Agnolo Bronzino, Portrait of Cosimo I dei Medici in Armour,
- Robert Campin, Crucifiction,
- Juan Carreño de Miranda, The Assumption,
- Joos van Cleve, The Holy Family,
- Alonso Sánchez Coello, The Royal Feast,
- Anthony van Dyck, Christ Supported by Angels,
- Lucas Cranach the Elder, Hercules and Omphale,
- Jan van Kessel, el Mozo, Dwarfs with a Dog,
- Hans Makart, Faun Playing Syrinx,
- Quentin Massys, Madonna and Child with the Lamb,
- Claude Monet, Beach in Pourville (pictured),
- Johann Friedrich Overbeck, The Marriage,
- Francesco Raibolini, Madonna and Child with St. Francis,
- Jacob Ruysdael, Fishing,
- Salomon van Ruysdael, A Catch of Fish on the Rhine at Arnhem,
- Daniel Seghers, Holy Family in a Wreath of Flowers,
- Frans Snyders, Wild Boar Hunt,
- Bernardo Strozzi, The Abduction of Europa,
- David Teniers the Younger, Operation,
- Tintoretto, The Siege of Asola,
- Palma Vecchio, Sacra Conversazione,
- Diego Velázquez, Blind Woman,
- Francisco de Zurbarán, The Virgin of the Rosary Venerated by Carthusians.
- "History". mnp.art.pl. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
- Poznań Muzeum (2012). "Galleries (Galerie)". Malarstwo i Rzeźba. Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu. pp. 1 of 8. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- Stolen in 2000, recovered in Olkusz on 12 January 2010 Stolen Monet recovered in Poland, Krakow Post - Poland News, Events, Lifestyle, 15 January 2010.
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