National Museum of the United States Air Force
|Location||Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,
|Director||Lt Gen John L. Hudson, USAF (Retired)|
|Public transit access||Greater Dayton RTA Route 11|
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Dayton, Ohio. The NMUSAF has one of the world's largest collections with more than 360 aircraft and missiles on display. The museum draws over 1.3 million visitors each year making it one of the most frequently visited tourist attractions in Ohio.
The museum dates to 1923 when the Engineering Division at Dayton's McCook Field first collected technical artifacts for preservation. In 1927 it moved to then-Wright Field in a laboratory building. In 1932 the collection was named the Army Aeronautical Museum and placed in a WPA building from 1935 until WWII. In 1948 the collection remained private as the Air Force Technical Museum. In 1954 the Air Force Museum became public and was housed in its first permanent facility, Building 89 of the former Patterson Field in Fairborn, which had been an engine overhaul hangar. Many of its aircraft were parked outside and exposed to the weather. It remained there until 1971 when the current facility first opened. Not including its annex on Wright Field proper, the museum has more than tripled in square footage since its inception in 1971 with the addition of a second hangar in 1988 and a third in 2003.
The museum announced a new name for the facility in October 2004. The former name, United States Air Force Museum changed to National Museum of the United States Air Force.
Exhibits and collections
The museum's collection contains many rare aircraft of historical or technological importance, and various memorabilia and artifacts from the history and development of aviation. The permanent collections include one of four surviving Convair B-36s, the only surviving XB-70 Valkyrie, and Bockscar—the B-29 Superfortress that dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki during the last days of World War II.
The museum launched their 360-degree Virtual Tour in 2010. Visitors can now view the majority of the museum's aircraft and exhibits online.
The museum has several Presidential aircraft, including those used by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, and Dwight D. Eisenhower. The centerpiece of the Presidential aircraft collection is SAM 26000, a modified Boeing 707 known as a VC-137C, used regularly by Presidents John F. Kennedy through Richard Nixon's first term; after which it became the backup Presidential aircraft. This aircraft took President and Mrs. Kennedy to Dallas on November 22, 1963—the day of the President's assassination. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as President aboard it shortly after the assassination—and the plane then carried President Kennedy's body back to Washington. It was temporarily removed from display on December 5, 2009, to be repainted. It was placed back on display in the museum on President's Day, 2010.
All presidential aircraft are now displayed in the Presidential Hangar, next to the R&D/Flight Test Hangar west of the USAF Museum. As both hangars are behind the perimeter fence on Wright-Patterson AFB property, the general public can only visit them by tour bus.
Pioneers of flight
A large section of the museum is dedicated to pioneers of flight, especially the Wright Brothers, who conducted some of their experiments at nearby Huffman Prairie. A replica of the Wrights' 1909 Military Flyer is on display, as well as other Wright brothers artifacts. The building also hosts the National Aviation Hall of Fame, which includes several educational exhibits.
Uniforms and clothing
The museum has a large inventory of U.S. Army Air Forces and U.S. Air Force clothing and uniforms in its collection. At any time, over fifty WW II vintage A-2 leather flying jackets are on display, many of which belonged to famous figures in Air Force history. Others are painted to depict the air planes and missions flown by their former owners. Included in the museum's displays are the jacket worn by Brigadier General James Stewart, P-38 ace Major Richard I. Bong's sheepskin B-3 jacket and boots, an A-2 jacket worn by one of the few USAAF pilots to leave the ground during the attack on Pearl Harbor, and President Ronald Reagan's USAAF peacoat.
Other exhibits and attractions
The museum completed the construction of a third hangar and hall of missiles in 2004. It now houses post-Cold War era planes such as the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber (test aircraft), the F-117 Nighthawk stealth ground attack aircraft and others. Construction of a fourth hangar to house the museum's space collection, presidential planes, and an enlarged educational outreach area is nearing completion, which will make these collections, currently housed in an annex requiring a bus trip onto WPAFB, more accessible to the public.
The museum owns other USAF aircraft, to include former U.S. Army Air Service, USAAC or USAAF aircraft, that are on loan to other aerospace museums in the United States and overseas, as well as those on permanent static display at various U.S. Air Force installations and tenant activities world-wide and at Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard installations across the United States. The museum also oversees those aircraft, missiles and associated artifacts loaned to communities or civic organizations for display at civilian airports (many of them former USAAF and/or USAF bases), public parks and memorials, the facilities of military-affiliated organizations (e.g., VFW, American Legion, etc.), or in other similar venues. Most of these loaned aircraft duplicate aircraft exhibited by the museum. These other aircraft continue to remain the property of the Department of the Air Force and are typically identified at these locations as being "On Loan from the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force." The museum's staff has very high standards for the restoration and quality of care of loaned assets and has, in the past, revoked these loans when it was deemed that these other museums did not have the resources to properly care for an artifact. This happened in the case of the famous B-17, Memphis Belle.
The National Museum of the U.S. Air Force is in the midst of a multi-phase, long-term expansion plan. The Air Force Museum Foundation is currently supporting a major capital construction program to expand the museum's current one million square feet of exhibit space with a fourth building that will house the Space Gallery, Presidential Aircraft Gallery, and Global Reach Gallery.
In 2013, the Air Force Museum Theater upgraded its theater from IMAX to digital 3D. This upgrade included a new stage, theater seats, and a new theater screen to support a broader range of programming—including educational presentations, live broadcasts, and expanded documentary choices. The renovations include a 7.1 surround-sound system, audio devices for the hearing or visually impaired, and personal closed captioning systems.
Partial list of collection
The museum is divided into galleries that cover broad historic trends in military aviation. These are further broken down into exhibits that detail specific historical periods and display aircraft in historical context.
Air Force Museum Foundation
The Air Force Museum Foundation is a private, non-profit organization that supports the mission and goals of the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.
Other Air Force museums
- American Air Museum in Britain
- CAF Airpower Museum
- Mighty Eighth Air Force Museum
- National Museum of the Marine Corps
- National Museum of Naval Aviation
- National Museum of the United States Army
- National Museum of the United States Navy
- Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum
- Patuxent River Naval Air Museum
- United States Air Force Memorial
- War in the Pacific National Historical Park
- Wings of Freedom Aviation Museum
- Related lists
- "History of the National Museum of the United States Air Force". National Museum of the United States Air Force official site. June 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- "Visitor info". Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Airfoce Museum Attendance". Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- US Air Force Museum Foundation (1972). US Air Force Museum.
- Air Force Museum Foundation
- "Expanding the Legacy". Issuu. Air Force Museum Foundation. p. 19. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Home of the Wright Brothers". National Aviation Heritage Area. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- Keen, Judy (November 20, 2009). "JFK Relics Stir Strong Emotions". USA Today. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- "Air Force One temporarily off display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force". National Museum of the US Air Force. September 22, 2009.
- Air Force Museum Foundation. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Museum of the United States Air Force.|
- National Museum of the United States Air Force official website
- Air Force Museum Foundation official website
- SR-71 Online – National Museum of The United States Air Force – A guide to the museum and its displays.
- US Air Force Museum Photos – Photos of exhibits in the National Museum of the USAF in Dayton, OH
- Photo website with 360-degree VR panoramas and HDR images