Naubat Khan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Naubat Khan
Naubat Khan.jpg
Portrait of Naubat Khan Kalawant, San Diego Museum of Art, Edwin Binney 3rd Collection
Background information
Birth name Misri Singh
Born Kishangarh, Rajasthan
Genres Hindustani Classical Music
Occupation(s) Karori, Beenkar, Classical Mughal Era Musician, Darogha of Naqqar Khana

Naubat Khan (नौबात खान also known as Ali Khan Karori) was a prominent Indian classical music composer, musician and instrumentalist. He was an influential musician of his time. The rudra veena, also called the bin, came into prominence during the time of Tansen's contemporary, and son-in-law, Naubat Khan. In the paintings of the time, it is clearly Naubat Khan and not Tansen who is associated with the instrument.[1] Naubat Khan was the honorary title conferred by Mughal Emperor Jahangir on Ali Khan Karori.[2]

Early life and background[edit]

Naubat Khan was the grandson of Maharaja Samokhan Singh of Kishangarh, and the son-in-law of the legendary Tansen.[3] Samokhan Singh, a Jodhpur prince, was himself a great veena player of his time.[4] He was defeated by the forces of the Mughal emperor Akbar, and his grandson Misri Singh (Naubat Khan) was kept under house arrest. Misri Singh later accepted Islam[5] and was named Ali. He was trained under Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, the son of Bairam Khan and he eventually accepted Islam. Ali was given the title of Khan by Akbar, and the post of Karori, i.e., Finance minister. Ali Khan Karori was later given the prestigious position of the darogha of the Naqqar Khana. Jahangir conferred on Ali Khan Karori the honorary title of Naubat Khan and promoted him to the rank of 500 personnel and 200 horse.[6][7][8]

Marriage with Saraswati[edit]

Naubat Khan first married Ahmad Khan Mughal's daughter. After his first wife's death, he married Tansen's daughter, Saraswati. Saraswati accepted Islam and was named Hussaini. They had a son named Lal Khan. Lal Khan was the son-in-law of Tansen's son Bilas Khan.[9] Lal Khan was the chief musician of Emperor Shahjahan.[10] Shahajahan conferred on him the title of Gunsamundra.

Hussain Quli presents prisoners of war to Akbar, a view of the bin player Naubat Khan (in white dress holding Rudra Vina), illustration from the Akbar-nama, Mughal school, towards 1590.Victoria & Albert Museum U.K.

Subject of Individual Portrait[edit]

Only highly ranked figures of the court enjoyed the privilege of being painted alone or within an assembly by the painters of the court and Naubat Khan is one of the rare musicians – along with the illustrious singer-composer Tansen – to have been the subject of an individual portrait. He was painted by Ustad Mansur during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar.[11]

Portrait of Naubat Khan Kalawant by Ustad Mansur, Mughal School, towards 1600 British Museum London

Beenkar dynasty[edit]

Naubat Khan was the founder of the Beenkar dynasty of India. His direct descendants commanded respect in musical circles for several centuries. Notable members of this family are

Naubat Khan the Vina Player, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bonnie C. Wade (January 1998). Imaging Sound: An Ethnomusicological Study of Music, Art, and Culture in Mughal India. University of Chicago Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-226-86841-7.
  2. ^ Jahangir (Emperor of Hindustan) (1989). The Tūzuk-i-Jahāngīrī, Or, Memoirs of Jahāngīr. Low Price Publications. p. 111. ISBN 978-81-85395-13-5.
  3. ^ Stephen Slawek (1987). Sitār Technique in Nibaddh Forms. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 17. ISBN 978-81-208-0200-1.
  4. ^ Sunita Dhar (1989). Senia gharana, its contribution to Indian classical music. Reliance Pub. House. p. 13. ISBN 978-81-85047-49-2.
  5. ^ Rosemary Crill; Kapil Jariwala (2010). The Indian Portrait, 1560-1860. Mapin Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 70. ISBN 978-81-89995-37-9.
  6. ^ Bonnie C. Wade (January 1998). Imaging Sound: An Ethnomusicological Study of Music, Art, and Culture in Mughal India. University of Chicago Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-226-86841-7.
  7. ^ "London's Portrait Gallery showcases Mughal art". Rediff. 4 June 2010.
  8. ^ Bonnie C. Wade (January 1998). Imaging Sound: An Ethnomusicological Study of Music, Art, and Culture in Mughal India. University of Chicago Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-226-86841-7.
  9. ^ a b Vijaya Moorthy (2001). Romance of the Raga. Abhinav Publications. p. 27. ISBN 978-81-7017-382-3.
  10. ^ "romance of raga lal khan gunsamudra - Google Search". google.co.in.[not in citation given]
  11. ^ "Rudra-Vina, The musicians - The Mughal period". rudravina.com.
  12. ^ "Bhupat Khan - Oxford Reference". oxfordreference.com. ISBN 9780195650983.
  13. ^ "Who were Sadarang and Adarang?". gktoday.in.
  14. ^ "Artist - Siddhar Khan (Tabla), Gharana - Delhi". swarganga.org.
  15. ^ Allyn Miner (April 2004). Sitar and Sarod in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 97. ISBN 978-81-208-1493-6.