Ndumo Game Reserve
|Ndumo Game Reserve|
|Location||KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa|
|Nearest city||Mkuze, Kwa-Zulu Natal|
|Area||102 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife|
|Designated||21 January 1997|
Ndumo Game Reserve is a small (11 000 ha) South African game reserve located in the far northeast district of KwaZulu-Natal known as Maputaland. It is situated on the border with Mozambique where the Pongola River joins the Great Usutu River. It is adjacent to the Tembe Elephant Park. Ndumo is relatively remote, being over 400 km from Durban. The town of Mkuze is 110 km away.
Ndumo hosts a diverse range of habitats including sand forest, dense riverine forest, floodplains, alluvial plains, reedbeds, grassland, broad-leaved and acacia woodlands and extremely dense thornveld. Ndumo is popular for its birdlife and despite its small size, the reserve has recorded in excess of 430 bird species including residents and seasonal migrants. The park's abundance of pans, floodplains and rivers (Pongola & Usutu) provide suitable habitat for many aquatic species. The Maputaland area in general is relatively rich in birdlife due to ecosystem diversity as well as its geographical location: the area forms the southernmost range for a great many eastern and north-eastern African bird species. The area receives a high annual rainfall.
A short list of sought-after bird species resident to Ndumo:
- Pel's fishing owl
- Narina trogon
- African broadbill
- Eastern nicator (formerly "yellow-spotted nicator" but this name is now given to another bird, the western nicator)
- African cuckoo-hawk
As with all parts of Maputaland, malaria is endemic and visitors are advised to take the proper precautions.
There is an Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife campsite and hutted camp.
This park is to be included into the: Usuthu-Tembe-Futi Transfrontier Conservation Area.
Displacement of Indigenous Peoples
In 1924, the area surrounding the Ndumo Game Reserve was declared to be a protected area by South Africa. Over the next few decades, the indigenous inhabitants were forcibly evicted from their native lands. Although the Ndumo communities legally contested their right to the land, they were denied ownership and the right to resettle the land, instead given financial restitution. One resident says of this period of time:
There we were rich; we ate sweet potatoes, bananas, madumbe [root vegetable], cassava and pumpkins. We drank from the Usuthu River. Today that river is reserved for the hippos and crocodiles while our children die from drought. The wild fruits are left to fatten the monkeys, and the rhinos graze on the graves of our ancestors.
- "Ndumo Game Reserve". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Ndumo Game Reserve: Integrated Management Plan (2009–2013), Version 1.0. (2009). Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, Pietermaritzburg, 106pp. and 7 maps (4 x A4, 3 x A3).
- Impey, Angela (June 2013). "SONGS OF MOBILITY AND BELONGING: Gender, Spatiality and the Local in Southern Africa's Transfrontier Conservation Development". Interventions. 15 (2): 255–271. doi:10.1080/1369801X.2013.798475. ISSN 1369-801X.
- Wesołowska, W. & Haddad, Ch.R. 2009. Jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of the Ndumo Game Reserve, Maputaland, South Africa. African Invertebrates 50 (1): 13-103.