Necklaced spinetail

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Necklaced spinetail
Synallaxis stictothorax.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Genus: Synallaxis
Species:
S. stictothorax
Binomial name
Synallaxis stictothorax
Sclater, 1859

The necklaced spinetail (Synallaxis stictothorax) is a species of ovenbird in the family Furnariidae. Found in Ecuador and Peru, its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

The form Synallaxis (stictothorax) chinchipensis is sometimes split as a separate species, the Chinchipe spinetail.

Description[edit]

The necklaced spinetail is about 12.5 cm (5 in) long. The forehead is marked with black and white, and there is a white streak above the eye. The upper parts of the body, the wings and the tail are reddish brown. The flanks are buff and the tail feathers have blackish centres giving the tail a bicoloured effect. The throat and underparts are white, with some fine, dark, transverse streaks on the breast.[2] The Chinchipe spinetail is slightly larger, with a buff superciliary streak, grey flanks, and a spotted rather than streaked breast.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The necklaced spinetail is native to Ecuador and northern Peru. The Chinchipe spinetail inhabits the drainage of the Marañón River. The natural habitat of both is the borders of deciduous forest and arid scrub at altitudes of less than 300 metres (980 ft) above sea level.[2]

Behaviour[edit]

The necklaced spinetail is more arboreal, rather bolder and more easily observed than most other members of its genus. The song is a distinctive series of sputtering notes, slowly descending and becoming less rapid and fading away at the conclusion. It is often sung from a perch near the bird's nest, or even from within this conspicuous structure which is globular, with a side entrance, and is made of sticks.[2][3]

This bird feeds, often in pairs, on small invertebrates which it finds when foraging on the ground in the leaf litter or in the low branches of trees and shrubs.[3]

Status[edit]

The necklaced spinetail is a fairly common bird within its rather restricted range.[3] The total number of birds has not been estimated but the population trend seems to be stable so the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern".[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Synallaxis stictothorax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Robert S. Ridgely; Guy Tudor (1 June 2009). Field Guide to the Songbirds of South America: The Passerines. University of Texas Press. p. 274. ISBN 978-0-292-71748-0.
  3. ^ a b c "Necklaced Spinetail (Synallaxis stictothorax)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Retrieved 18 January 2015.