Nettleton, Wiltshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nettleton is located in Wiltshire
 Nettleton shown within Wiltshire
Population 693 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference ST8278
Civil parish Nettleton
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chippenham
Postcode district SN14
Dialling code 01249
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Wiltshire
List of places

Coordinates: 51°30′22″N 2°15′32″W / 51.506°N 2.259°W / 51.506; -2.259

Nettleton is a village and civil parish about 6.5 miles (10.5 km) northwest of Chippenham in Wiltshire, England. The parish includes the villages of Burton and West Kington, and the hamlets of Horsedown, Nettleton Shrub and West Kington Wick. The northern section of Nettleton village is known as Nettleton Green.

Until 1934, Burton and Nettleton were separate parishes.[2]


The eastern limit of the parish is the boundary with the county of Gloucestershire. The Burton Brook and Broadmead Brook flow through the north and south of the parish respectively, meeting to form the Bybrook River on the eastern boundary of the parish. Nettleton Mill, an ancient watermill which was part of the Castle Combe estate, is on the Broadmead Brook at the southeastern boundary of the parish. The Fosse Way runs through the parish, crossing both brooks.


Nettleton has had a Baptist chapel since 1823.[3]

The parish church is St Mary's at Burton; West Kington has a church of St Mary the Virgin.

Lugbury long barrow[edit]

Lugbury is a chambered long barrow about 0.75 miles (1.21 km) east of the village.[4] Excavations in the 19th century found 28 human skeletons in its chambers.[4]

Roman-period shrine[edit]

Priest and priestess on the site of the entrance to the shrine complex at Nettleton Scrubb

Remains of a Romano-British settlement of about 30 buildings have been found in the north-west of the parish, where the Fosse Way crosses the Broadmead Brook, south-west of Brotton Hill wood.[4][2] This was excavated between 1956 and 1971; it is now field and woodland again. It was interpreted as a religious site, including an octagonal shrine some 10 metres in diameter. Apollo Cunomaglus may have been its overall patron; dedications to other deities, probably including Diana, Mercury, and Mars with his Gaulish consort Rosmerta, were also found.[5]

On the site of the shrine of Apollo at Nettleton Scrubb, a priest and priestess face the setting sun.


  1. ^ "Parish population 2011.Retrieved 11 March 2015". 
  2. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History: Nettleton". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Baptist Chapel, Nettleton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page356
  5. ^ Wedlake, 1982