Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad

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Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad
Mixed passenger and freight train from the Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad makes its way across the Bear River bridge in 1895. Searls Library.jpg
Mixed passenger and freight train on the Bear River bridge in 1895
Overview
HeadquartersGrass Valley, California
LocaleNorthern California
Dates of operation1876–1942
SuccessorAbandoned
Technical
Track gauge3 ft (914 mm)
Route
Colfax
Oilville
Smith Flat
Chicago Park (after 1908)
You Bet
Colemans
Chicago Park (before 1908)
Storm's Picnic Grounds
Buena Vista
Hatton
Cedar Kress
Grass Valley
District Fair Grounds
Glenbrook
Town Talk
Gold Flat
Nevada City

The Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad (NCNGRR) (nickname: Never Come, Never Go) was located in Northern California's Nevada County and Placer County, where it connected with the Central Pacific Railroad.[1] The Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad Company incorporated on April 4, 1874,[2] and was headquartered in Grass Valley, California. After two years of construction, passenger and commercial rail services began in 1876 and continued until 1943. The 22.53 mi (36.26 km) line ran from Colfax, north through Grass Valley to Nevada City. At one time, the railroad was notable for having the highest railroad bridge in California, the Bear River Bridge, built in 1908.[3]

History[edit]

Route in 1895 from Nevada City to Grass Valley
Route from Grass Valley to Colfax in 1902
Route from Grass Valley to Colfax in 1938

The need for rail service in the semi-mountainous and wooded area of Grass Valley and Nevada City was precipitated by mining operations subsequent to the California Gold Rush. In addition, timber operators wanted to make their land accessible to the Southern Pacific Company in Colfax. On March 20, 1874, the California legislature and Governor Newton Booth approved the right to build and operate a 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge from Colfax, through Grass Valley, to Nevada City.[4] On June 20, an Act of Congress granted the railroad right of way through public lands.[5]

J. H. Bates estimated that construction and equipment would total $411,132. Only one bid came in and it was for $500,000, signed by M. F. Beatty; he received a lump sum of $500,000. Construction began January 1875.[6] Turton & Knox were subcontracted for earthwork. John Flint Kidder was the chief engineer. Within two months, 600 men were employed in the railroad's construction.[7]

Construction included two bridges, two tunnels,[8] and five trestles. After leaving the Colfax depot, the road headed north, parallel with the Central Pacific Railroad, then crossed Bear River, and into Nevada County. One of the first stations was at the town of You Bet, which serviced the Goodwin Drift Gravel Mine.[9] The road proceeded into Chicago Park, a fruit and grape growers colony,[10] and then continued into Grass Valley. All cars and locomotives had Westinghouse railway brakes, and cars used for passenger service had Miller Platform couplers. As the first contractor, Beatty, was unable to complete the project, a second, J. K. Bynre,[11] was brought in; construction was completed in the spring of 1876. The inaugural train, from Colfax to Grass Valley, ran on April 11 and by May 20, the first train reached Nevada City.[12]

N.C.N.G.R.R. №

The company's first President was John C. Coleman, president of the North Star Mine. Kidder, the builder, decided to settle down in Grass Valley, becoming the General Superintendent,[13] and in 1884, became the second president. Upon his death in 1901, Kidder's widow, Sarah, took over, becoming the first female railroad president in the world.[14]

In September 1907, a 3.56 mi (5.73 km) "cut-off", at a cost of $132,285 was built,[15] bettering the grade.[16] The following year, construction was completed on the Bear River Bridge. By 1912, the NCNGRR was running three mixed trains daily, each way, between Nevada City and Colfax, while a fourth mixed train ran daily, each way, between Grass Valley and Colfax. Sarah Kidder sold her interests in 1913 and retired to San Francisco.

In 1926, Earl Taylor and his associates purchased the railroad for $1. With the outbreak of World War II, they sold it in 1942 for $251,000 to Dulian Steel Products Company and the last train to run over the line was on May 29.[7]

Each combination coach had a small iron safe in the baggage compartment.[17] Though $200,000,000 in gold was hauled out of Nevada County by the NCNGRR during its operation, there was never an attempted robbery.[8]

Statistics[edit]

  • Length:
    • Placer County: The main line was 5.62 mi (9.04 km) long, and had 1.73 mi (2.78 km) in spurs and sidings
    • Nevada County: The main line was 16.79 mi (27.02 km) long, and had 2.39 mi (3.85 km) in spurs and sidings.[12]
  • Maximum grade: 116 ft per mile (22 m pro km), 1:45.7 or 2.2%
  • Minimum radius of curvature: 302.9 ft (92.3 m).[18]
  • Weight: 35 pounds per yard (17.4 kg/m)
  • Degrees of curvature: 7944
  • Length of tangents: 53,908 ft (16,431 m)
  • Ascents from Colfax: 1,159 ft (353 m)
  • Descents from Colfax: 1,042 ft (318 m)
  • Initial rates:[19]
    • Passenger services: $0.10/mile
    • Freight services: $0.20/ton/mile
  • Running time:[18]
    • Absolute: 1 hour, 40 minutes
    • Mixed trains: Two hours
  • Average stops: Four

Locomotives[edit]

Steam Locomotives
Number Name Type Builder SN Built Acquired Disposition Notes
1 Grass Valley 4-4-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 3762 7/1875 1875 Scrapped 1936.
1 Glenbrook 2-6-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 3712 3/1875 1936 Sold to Hope & Will Bliss in 1942. Purchased from the Southern Pacific (operated on the Lake Tahoe Railway & Transportation Company). Originally built for the Carson & Tahoe Lumber & Fluming Company #2. Never operated on the NCNG In operational condition at the Nevada State Railroad Museum in Carson City, Nevada.
2 Nevada 2-6-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 3758 7/1875 1875 Scrapped 1933.
3 4-4-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4172 9/1877 1877 Scrapped 1916.
4 Santa Cruz 0-6-0 Porter-Bell 218 1875 1899 Scrapped 1916. Purchased from the Lake Valley #1. Orginally Santa Cruz & Felton, then Nevada-California-Oregon #1.
5 Tahoe 2-6-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 3709 3/1875 1899 Sold in 1940 to Frank Lloyd Movie Productions. Purchased from the Carson & Tahoe Lumber & Fluming Company #1. Eventually donated by universal Studios to the Nevada County Narrow Gauge Museum where it sits on display.
6 2-6-0 New York Locomotive Works 22 1883 1915 Scrapped 1921. Purchased from the La Dicha & Pacific #1. Originally Toledo, Cincinnati & St Louis #49, then Portland & Willamette Valley #3, then South Pacific Coast #25.
7 4-4-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 5782 8/1881 1929 Scrapped 1934. Purchased from Carson & Colorado #4.
8 2-8-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4938/

6057

1880

2/1882

1933 Sold in 1942 to Pacific Portland Cement #8 Made from Denver & Rio Grande Western locomotives. The boiler of #42 and the Running Gear of #283. Scrapped 1948.
9 2-8-0 Baldwin Locomotive Works 41300 4/1914 1933 Sold in 1942 to Dulien Steel Products. Purchased from the Carson & Colorado #14. Originally Nevada-California-Oregon #14. Scrapped in 1946 as U.S. Navy #17.

Other Motive Power[edit]

Engine 10 was built by Fate-Root-Heath Company of Plymouth, Ohio, and was in service only during the first six months of 1936.

Engine 11 was built by Whitcomb Manufacturing Company of Rochelle, Illinois, and was in service 1936–1942.

Notable passengers[edit]

There were several notable passengers, including presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Theodore Roosevelt, singer Emma Nevada, and Britain's Prince Albert.[8]

Historic recognition[edit]

In the centennial year after the railroad began operations, E Clampus Vitus erected a historical marker in Colfax at 39°6.011′N 120°57.159′W / 39.100183°N 120.952650°W / 39.100183; -120.952650 (Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad) near the old NCNGRR depot, the southern end of the line.[14] The Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad & Transportation Museum was created in recent years near the northern end of the line in Nevada City.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decisions (1914), p. 554
  2. ^ Commissioners of Transportation, California (1877). Report of the Board of commissioners of transportation, to the Legislature ...: December 1877 (Digitized Feb 14, 2009 ed.). Sacramento: F.P. Thompson Supt. State Printing. p. 415.
  3. ^ "NCNGRR". ncngrrmuseum.org. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  4. ^ Decisions. California Public Utilities Commission (4 ed.). Railroad Commission of the State of California. 1914. pp. 552. Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ Alexander Thompson Britton, ed. (1881). Laws of the United States of a local or temporary character, and exhibiting the entire legislation of Congress upon which the public land titles in each state and territory have depended: December 1, 1880. Embracing, also a digest of all Indian treaties affecting the titles to public lands. Digitized Oct 24, 2007. United States Public Land Commission. Government Printing Office. p. 1075.
  6. ^ Journal: Appendix. Reports. 3. California Legislature. 1891. p. 21.
  7. ^ a b Kneiss, Gilbert H. (1946). Bonanza Railroads. Stanford Univ. Press. p. 170. ISBN 0-8047-2413-X.
  8. ^ a b c "Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad, Transportation In Nevada County". ncgold.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  9. ^ "California journal of mines and geology". California Journal of Mines and Geology. Digitized. California State Mining Bureau. Dec 18, 2008: 317. 1893.
  10. ^ Biennial report ... (Digitized Jul 11, 2007 ed.). State Board of Horticulture. 1892. p. 398.
  11. ^ Kneiss (1946), p. 146
  12. ^ a b Decisions (1914), p. 553
  13. ^ Kneiss (1946), p. 152
  14. ^ a b Whittle, Syd (December 15, 2008). "Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad 1876–1942, Placer County Terminus". hmdb.org. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  15. ^ Decisions (1914), p. 553, 556
  16. ^ Locomotive Firemen's Magazine. 46 (Digitized Mar 5, 2008 ed.). Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen. 1909. p. 821.
  17. ^ Brower, Maria E. (2006). Gold Rush Towns of Nevada County. Arcadia Publishing. p. 40. ISBN 0-7385-4692-5.
  18. ^ a b "A catalog for narrow gauge locomotives". J. B. LIPPINGOTT. 1885. p. 10. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
  19. ^ Decisions (1914), p. 552