Nickel Plate 759

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Nickel Plate Road 759
NKP 759 at Steamtown-2015.JPG
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Lima Locomotive Works
Serial number 8667
Model S-2
Build date 1944
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 2-8-4
 • UIC 1′D2′
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia. 36 in (0.914 m)
Driver dia. 69 in (1,753 mm)
Trailing dia. 43 in (1.092 m)
Length 100 ft 8 34 in (30.70 m)
Height 15 ft 8 in (4.78 m)
Adhesive weight 264,300 lb (119,884.46 kg)
Loco weight 440,800 lb (199,943.52 kg)
Total weight 802,500 lb (364,000 kg; 364.0 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 22 long tons (22 t)
Water cap 22,000 imp gal (100,000 l; 26,000 US gal)
Boiler pressure 245 lbf/in2 (1.69 MPa)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 25 in × 34 in (635 mm × 864 mm)
Performance figures
Maximum speed 70 mph
Tractive effort 64,100 lbf (285.13 kN)
Factor of adh. 4.12
Career
Operators New York, Chicago & St. Louis
Class NKP S-2
Numbers NKP 759
Delivered 8/1944
Last run 1975
Retired 1959
Restored 1967
Current owner Steamtown National Historic Site
Disposition Inoperable Static Display

Nickel Plate Road 759 is a 2-8-4 "Berkshire" type steam locomotive built in 1944 by the Lima Locomotive Works in Lima, Ohio as a member of the S-2 class for the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, commonly known as the "Nickel Plate Road". Built as a fast freight locomotive, the 759 served the Nickel Plate until being retired in 1959 and placed into storage. In 1965, the 759 was purchased by F. Nelson Blount for display in his Steamtown, U.S.A collection in North Walpole, New Hampshire. The locomotive was restored to operating condition in 1968 by New York commodity broker Ross Rowland for use in hauling his Golden Spike Centennial Limited, a special commemorative train that celebrated the 100th anniversary of the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1969. Afterwards, the 759 pulled numerous excursions for Ross Rowland and Steamtown until being retired once more and placed back on display in 1977. Today, the locomotive remains on static display at the Steamtown National Historic Site in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

History[edit]

759 was built in August 1944 by the Lima Locomotive Works in Lima, Ohio for the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, better known as the Nickel Plate Road. The 759 was one of 80 2-8-4 Berkshire type steam locomotives built for the Nickel Plate between 1934 and 1949 for fast freight duties.[1] The Nickel Plate had 4 sub-classes of 2-8-4s corresponding to which order the locomotive was in, these were designated S through S-3, 759, is a member of the third order of 2-8-4s and is therefor an S-2 class.[1]

Much of 759's original career on the Nickel Plate is obscure at best, but it is known that in May 1958, 759 entered the Nickel Plate's Conneaut, Ohio shops for a complete overhaul which turned out to be the last overhaul of a steam locomotive on the Nickel Plate. After the overhaul was completed, 759 was never fired up and instead was put into storage.[2]

Preservation[edit]

759 was purchased by steam locomotive enthusiast, F. Nelson Blount on October 16, 1962 and subsequently moved to Steamtown, U.S.A in North Walpole, New Hampshire with the rest of his collection. It would later be moved to Bellows Falls, VT.[2]

In 1967 a commodities broker from New York named Ross Rowland, who had previously leased another one of Blount's locomotives, made a deal that would return the 759 to service for steam powered fan trips hosted by Rowland's High Iron Company. 759 was taken to the Norfolk & Western Railroad's former Nickel Plate roundhouse in Conneaut, OH, the same place the 759 was last serviced. After a short restoration and subsequent testing, 759 pulled its first excursion for the High Iron Company on August 30, 1968 when she pulled a 15 car excursion to Buffalo,NY.[2]

In 1969, 759 was painted blue and gold for a special train celebrating the 100th anniversary of the driving of the golden spike. This train, dubbed the Golden Spike Centennial Limited, would take 759 as far away as Omaha, NE. After returning home from the Golden Spike Centennial Limited, 759 was returned to her Nickel Plate Road livery and ran two excursions for Steamtown, one of which was to Scranton, PA, Steamtown's future home.[2]

After a few excursions over the Boston & Maine and Central Vermont in late 1973, 759 was placed into storage at the Delaware & Hudson's roundhouse in Rouses Point, NY for the winter. While it was in storage, the D&H had neglected to completely drain the 759's boiler and left water in it which froze causing a considerable amount of damage to 759's boiler tubes. As a result, Steamtown sued the D&H for the damage it caused to the locomotive and won. As settlement for the damage, the D&H had some repairs made to the 759 and after some follow-up work back at Steamtown, 759 was test fired in 1975.[2] In 1977 some more repairs were made to get 759 legally operational, but after a boiler flue failed during a hydrostatic test, it was decided that 759 would remain a static display.[2]

The 759 would join the rest of the Steamtown collection in 1984 when it was moved from Bellows Falls, VT to Scranton, PA. After the move to Scranton, 759 would be placed on display in the former Delaware, Lackawanna & Western rail yard with the rest of the collection. In 1988, Steamtown and most of its collection became part of the newly formed Steamtown National Historic Site.

Present[edit]

Nickel Plate Road 759 is now a static display at Steamtown, more often than not being on display inside the refurbished DL&W roundhouse. 759 is easily seen from the walk way Steamtown put inside the roundhouse to allow visitors to see the work going on. It is also the largest locomotive in the roundhouse with only a foot or two of clearance at either end making it notoriously difficult if not impossible to get a photo of the whole locomotive.

759 was one of the two American built steam locomotives considered by Steamtown to be restored to operating condition, the other being Boston & Maine 3713 which was ultimately chosen over 759, most likely due to clearance issues on the turntable (in order for 759 to fit, all of the safety railings that surround the turntable pit in the areas open to visitors have to be removed). In 2010, 759 was among the several steam locomotives in Steamtown's collection to undergo removal of her asbestos insulation. Asbestos was used by railroads and locomotive manufacturers as boiler insulation. In addition to having the asbestos removed, 759 had all new jacketing (cladding in UK terminology) applied as well as having her bell, which had been in storage re-installed. While it is possible for Steamtown restore 759 to operational condition, Steamtown has stated that they have little interest in restoring 759, citing that it is too large for their use and that another Nickel Plate Road 2-8-4, Nickel Plate 765 is already operational. For now 759 sits safely on display out of the elements in Steamtown's roundhouse.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barris, Wes. "Steamlocomotive.com". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/steamtown/shs2o.htm

External links[edit]