Night Nurse (1931 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||William A. Wellman|
|Based on||Night Nurse|
by Dora Macy
|Music by||Leo F. Forbstein|
|Edited by||Edward M. McDermott|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
Night Nurse is a 1931 American pre-Code crime drama mystery film produced and distributed by Warner Bros. and directed by William A. Wellman. The film stars Barbara Stanwyck, Ben Lyon, Joan Blondell, Clark Gable and Vera Lewis. It was based on the 1930 novel of the same name, written by Grace Perkins, later Mrs. Fulton Oursler (under the pen name Dora Macy). The film was considered risqué at the time of its release, particularly the scene where Stanwyck is seen in her lingerie. Gable portrays a vicious chauffeur gradually starving two little girls to death.
Lora Hart applies for a job as a trainee nurse in a hospital, but is rejected by the Superintendent of Nurses, Miss Dillon, for not having graduated from high school. A chance encounter with the hospital's chief of staff, Dr. Arthur Bell, in an uncooperative revolving door, gets that requirement waived. Lora's roommate and fellow nurse, Miss Maloney, becomes her best friend. Lora is assigned to night duty in the emergency room. One night, Lora treats bootlegger, Mortie, for a gunshot wound and earns his gratitude by letting herself be persuaded not to report it to the police as required by law. He also admires the pretty young nurse.
After she passes her training, Lora is hired for private duty, looking after two sick children, Desney and Nanny Ritchie. She moves into the Ritchie mansion, where there is always a party going on. The children's socialite mother, Mrs Ritchie, lives in an alcoholic stupor, infatuated with the brutish chauffeur Nick. When a drunken guest tries to molest Lora, Nick knocks him out. When Lora refuses his demand that she pump out the stomach of a very drunk Mrs. Ritchie, he knocks her out and takes her to her room.
The Ritchie family physician is "society doctor", and apparent drug addict, Dr. Milton Ranger. Lora becomes alarmed by Dr. Ranger's treatment of the children, because she sees that they are being slowly starved to death, but she is unable to get anybody to take her seriously. She quits and takes her suspicions to Dr. Bell. He is initially reluctant to interfere with another doctor's patients, but eventually advises her to return to her job so she can gather evidence. She persuades Dr. Ranger to take her back.
Nanny Ritchie becomes so weak, Lora fears for her life and tries unsuccessfully to get Mrs. Ritchie to show any concern. By chance, Mortie is delivering liquor to the perpetual party at the mansion. Desperate, Lora sends Mortie for milk for a milk bath for Nanny, a folk remedy recommended by the frightened housekeeper, Mrs. Maxwell. Mrs. Maxwell gets drunk and confides her suspicions to Lora. The girls have a trust fund from their late father. Nick ran over and killed their sister with his car, and with Dr. Ranger's connivance, is deliberately starving the little girls to death. The trust fund will pass to the drunken and infatuated Mrs. Ritchie, and Nick will marry her for the money. After being threatened by Mortie, Dr. Bell shows up and examines Nanny. However, when he tries to take Nanny to the hospital, Nick knocks him out. Mortie stops Nick from interfering any further, and Nanny's life is saved by an emergency blood transfusion provided by Lora.
The next day, Mortie gives Lora a lift in his car. To allay her worries, he informs her that he told some of his friends that he didn't like Nick. Elsewhere, an ambulance brings a corpse dressed in a chauffeur's uniform to the hospital's morgue.
Cast (in credits order)
- Barbara Stanwyck as Lora Hart, the night nurse
- Ben Lyon as Mortie, a bootlegger
- Joan Blondell as B. Maloney, another nurse
- Clark Gable as Nick, the Ritchie family chauffeur
- Blanche Friderici as Mrs Maxwell, the Ritchie family housekeeper
- Charlotte Merriam as Mrs Ritchie
- Charles Winninger as Dr. Arthur Bell, director of the hospital
- Edward J. Nugent as Eagan
- Vera Lewis as Miss Dillon, the hospital's Superintendent of Nurses
- Ralf Harolde as Dr. Milton A. Ranger, private physician to the Ritchie family
- Walter McGrail as Mack, a drunk
- Allan Lane as Intern
According to Robert Osborne, on Turner Classic Movies, the part of "Nick the Chauffeur" was originally intended for James Cagney, but his success in The Public Enemy prevented his accepting a supporting role, paving the way for Gable.
In July 1931, Time magazine highly praised the film and mentioned that it was well photographed, directed and acted and that the quality of the filmed story surpassed that in the original novel. The New York Times called it exciting "at times."
According to Variety, "Night Nurse is a conglomeration of exaggerations, often bordering on serial dramatics...What legitimate performances crop up in the footage seem to belong to Joan Blondell and Charlie Winninger as the hospital head. Stanwyck plays her dancehall type of a girl on one note throughout and is shy of shading to lend her performance some color."
In a 21st-century review, Eric Allen Hatch, writing for the Baltimore City Paper, said "watching [Stanwyck, Blondell, and Gable] in very early roles holds much of the appeal here, although the plot still works; a modern viewing of the film yields half high-camp value and half successful drama. Wellman would later strike gold with such films as Beau Geste (1939), but his salacious Night Nurse and hyperviolent Public Enemy were often cited in the creation of Hollywood's self-censoring Production Code. As a result of that code, this film boasts a much higher undressing-nurse-to-running-time ratio."
- A print is held by the Library of Congress, in the collection since the 1970s. The film has been readily available on videotape and dvd.
- "Macy, Dora - Night Nurse". Literature, Arts, and Medicine Database. New York University. February 25, 2008. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
Dora Macy is a pen name for Grace Perkins. The novel was made into a film, also called Night Nurse, in 1931 by William A. Wellman, with Barbara Stanwyck, Joan Blondell, and Clark Gable.
- "Night Nurse". Original Print Information. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Cinema: The New Pictures: Jul. 27, 1931" Time
- "Life in the Medical World". The Screen. The New York Times. July 17, 1931. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
[L]ast night's audience seemed to like parts of Night Nurse. At times it is exciting.
- "Review: Night Nurse". Variety. 1930. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Hatch, Eric Allen (August 21, 2002). "Night Nurse". Baltimore City Paper. Archived from the original on 2007-07-29. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Catalog of Holdings The American Film Institute Collection and The United Artists Collection at The Library of Congress, (<-book title) p.127 c.1978 by The American Film Institute