Niko Resources

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Niko Resources
Public
Traded as TSXNKO FWBNRY
Industry Petroleum
Founded 1987
Headquarters Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Key people
  • Ed Sampson (Chair, Pres., CEO)
  • Will Hornaday (COO, Dir)
  • J. Cummings (Dir)
  • W. DeBoni (Dir)
Products Oil, Natural Gas
Revenue US$194.464 mil Ytd June 2011
Decrease14.4%[1][2][3]
DecreaseUS$(54.334) mil Ytd June 2011 (1h10: $78.23M)
Total assets $1,830.11 mil June 2011Decrease7.3% qoq
Total equity $1,127.47 mil June 2011Increase2.9% qoq
Number of employees
213 (2011)
Divisions Niko Resources Cyprus Ltd
Niko Resources Bangladesh Ltd
Niko Resources Cayman Ltd
Niko Resources Trinidad & Tobago
Voyager Energy
Website nikoresources.com

Niko Resources TSXNKO is an India- and South East Asia-focused oil and gas exploration and production company that shares ownership of many exploration and development properties with Komodo Energy and Reliance Industries. Though it holds exploration rights to 37,000,000 acres (150,000 km2) of land in 7 countries production currently (2011) only takes place in India and Bangladesh. Major acquisitions include a $310 million November 18, 2009 purchase of Black Gold Energy (a move that made it a major player in deepwater exploration in Indonesia, the deal was completed in December 2009) followed by the 2010 $37.6 million acquisition of Voyager Energy which expanded its presence in Trinidad (that deal was completed in March 2010).[4][5] Most of the company's revenue comes from India (85.92% in fiscal 2011 up from 81.6% in 2010/87.53% in 1Hlf10), revenue from India rose 106% in the 12 months ended March 2011 compared to only 3.9% for Bangladesh.[6]

The company is investing heavily in Trinidad where in June 2011 it paid $78.1 million for offshore block 5c and is initiating exploration of another block (block 2AB). Though 58% of Niko's net exploration land position is in Indonesia (16.7M acres or 10X more than India) exploration expenditure in India has increased from 1.4X higher than Indonesia in 2010 to 2.6X higher ($50M vs $19M), and is forecast to increase to 12X higher in 2012 due to drilling the D4 and D6 blocks. In terms of gross land holdings about a quarter of all land is in India (35,187 km2) [6] Between 2001 and 2006 the market value of the company grew elevenfold.[7]

History[edit]

Niko Resources started out as an oil and gas company operating mainly in and around the Western Canadian Basin (Alberta and Saskatchewan); it wasn't until 1993 that the company showed interest in operating abroad. Its first venture into India involved the Hazira gas field (located SW of Surat) which was awarded to it and the Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation by the government of India on September 23, 1994.[8] First production abroad began July 1995 at Hazira. The Hazira acquisition was the first in a string of large investments in India made by Niko; between 1994 and 2006 all major company moves were made in India.

In 2002 a natural gas exploration discovery it took part in (partnered with Reliance Industries) turned out to be India's biggest and one of the world's largest for that year (the discovery was made in the Krishna-Godavari basin).[9][10][11]

In 2003 it expanded operations outside of India, beginning with Bangladesh.[12] In 2008 started operations in Pakistan (March, awarded four blocks), Madagascar (October, Grand Prix Block), Indonesia (November, awarded 4 blocks). Then in 2009 it purchased a 26% interest in a block in Trinidad, the block is held by a consortium of companies each with interests in it ranging from 29.25% (Centrica) to 35% (Petrotrin).[13] When it acquired Voyager Energy, operations in Trinidad were expanded (Voyager held four blocks in the country including a 9.75% stake in the 2AB block, Niko's first (and only) interest in the region).

In 2013, a panel of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes held that it had jurisdiction to hear two claims by Niko Resources (Bangladesh) Ltd. against entities owned by the Government of Bangladesh relating to two 2005 gas well blowouts in Bangladesh and to contracts for delivery of natural gas.[14]

Operations[edit]

Exploration capital expenditure in the first half of 2010 ($96 million) was spent mostly in India (34.4%), Indonesia (28.1%) and Madagascar (22.9%).[15] In India ownership of all major properties is shared with Reliance Industries. The Cauvery block & NS (North Surat, NELP 2) block are 100% owned by Niko. As of March 2011 total 2P reserves are about 200 million barrels of oil equivalent (1.2 trillion MMcfe) 64% of which is natural gas; that represents a 24% overall decline since 2010 (proved reserves saw the biggest decline down 29%). 98.6% of proved reserves is natural gas.[16] Less than 2% of production/revenue comes from Canadian and Bangladeshi condensate. Currently (June 2011) only 2 of the 7 countries Niko has major operations in contribute revenue; The other five countries hold 41.8% of total assets by value.[3] Though expansion outside of India is significant the country remains the most important source of cash flow and production with revenue per Mcfe of oil/gas production nearly twice that of Bangladesh. Production and earnings are forecast to fall significantly in 2012 due to lower gas production at India's D6, D4 and 9 blocks and new terminal maintenance costs from the D6 block.

INDIA

  • Hazira: It is a matured gas field. The field complies with latest international safety standards like ISO & OHSAS. The field has recently completed cumulative 3 million safe working hours without LTI. The 50 km2 block (onshore and offshore) is 33% owned by Niko and contributes approximately 3% of total revenue (as of June 2011).
  • D6 block in India (10% interest, production began in September 2008) - Although a major natural gas producer the company has recently been negatively affected by 5 year fixed price contracts.[17] The D6 block was the largest natural gas discovery in company history, currently it also includes a gas processing plant (the block also includes the MA oil fields). Mining licenses expire in 2028. Contributed 85% of revenue in the quarter ended June 2011. Natural gas produced is purchased under long term contracts and sold on the spot market.
  • D4 Block (15% interest, controlled by Reliance Industries (85%) - located in the Orissa Basin it covers over 4,000,000 acres (16,000 km2) of offshore land. Reserves at D4 are estimated to be double those at D6.[18]
  • NEC25 (10% interest, 90% by Reliance Industries) - covers over 3,000,000 acres (12,000 km2) offshore in the Bay of Bengal.

TRINIDAD

  • Trinidad (Trinidad and Tobago is the largest exporter of Liquid Natural Gas to the USA)[19] - five of the nine oil fields Niko owns interest in are controlling interests up from just two (Guayaguayare shallow (65%) and deep horizon (80%)) in 2009. In June 2011 Niko acquired a 25% interest in oil block 5C (covers 325 km2) from Canadian company Sonde for $75.5 million cash making Trinidad a core area for the company.[20] In Trinidad exploration licenses are issued as production sharing contracts (PSC's).[21]

KURDISTAN

  • Kurdistan - Niko has few interests in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq. Mid 2010, drilling activities were going on & potential test is yet to be done.

MADAGASCAR

  • Madagascar - Few interests in Morondava basin.

Production[edit]

Averaged over the 2011 fiscal year (ended March 31) production was 294,765 Mcf (49,127 boe)/d due entirely to new production from the D6 block (oil increased 97% to 2784 bbls/d (9.4% of total), gas increased 22.3% to 278,060 Mcf (46,343 boe)/d (94.3% of total).[6] In the first half of 2010 daily production averaged about 50,751 boe/d (93.9% natural gas, based on conversion ratio of 6000 cubic feet:1 boe) up 61.67% when compared to the first half of 2009 (31,393 boe/d, 96.1% natural gas).[15] Contribution from the D6 block in India is largely the reason for the higher numbers (the D6 block also helped revenue because of higher realized prices there).

Criticism[edit]

Between 2003 and 2006 Niko was involved in a corruption scandal involving the acquisition of the $750 million Tengratila and Feni gas fields in Bangladesh. Additionally, the company accidentally caused an explosion and initially refused to pay for damages, although eventually did compensate the 620 affected families. During this time, they gave the minister responsible for overseeing compensation claims an Luxury SUV. Investigation into corruption allegations were made by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in January 2009.[7] Niko hired consultancy firm Stratum Developments Ltd which distributed bribes among Bangladesh government officials.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Summary of Quarterly Results: page 21" (PDF). 2011. 
  2. ^ "Niko Resources 2011 First Quarter Results" (PDF). 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Summary of Quarterly Results: page 24" (PDF). 2010. 
  4. ^ "Niko Resources to acquire Black Gold Energy LLC for $310 million". 2009-11-18. 
  5. ^ "Niko Resources to buy Voyager Energy in $37.6 million stock transaction". 2010-02-08. 
  6. ^ a b c "Niko Resources 2011 Annual Report" (PDF). 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Bangladesh: The Blowback of Corruption Canadian company leaves environmental scars, trail of allegations". 2009-08-20. 
  8. ^ "International Finance Corporation World Bank Group". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  9. ^ "India's Reliance finds more gas off east coast". Reuters. 2007-11-06. 
  10. ^ "India Drilling & Exploration Conference 2010". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  11. ^ "What the new gas find by Reliance Industries means". 2002-12-11. 
  12. ^ "Bangladesh: The Blowback of Corruption". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2016-05-18. 
  13. ^ "Niko to operate 2AB block offshore Trinidad". 2009-07-09. 
  14. ^ "Shawn N. Sullivan, Arbitration Panel Finds Jurisdiction Over Bangladesh-Investor Disputes". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  15. ^ a b "Niko Resources 2010 Second Quarter Report" (PDF). 2010-11-03. 
  16. ^ "Niko Resources Key Indicators". Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Niko Resources sees drop in income, jump in funds". 2010-11-16. 
  18. ^ "RIL's D4 block reserves double those of D6". 2010-10-08. 
  19. ^ "Caribbean Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis US Energy Information Administration". Retrieved 2010-11-20. 
  20. ^ "The Energy Chamber of Trinidad and Tobago". January 4, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Niko optimistic about oil, gas discovery". April 28, 2011. 
  22. ^ "NIKO signed bribery deals". The Daily Star. 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2017-04-07.