In mathematics, a nonnegative matrix, written
is a matrix in which all the elements are equal to or greater than zero, that is,
A positive matrix is a matrix in which all the elements are strictly greater than zero. The set of positive matrices is a subset of all non-negative matrices. While such matrices are commonly found, the term is only occasionally used due to the possible confusion with positive-definite matrices, which are different.
A rectangular non-negative matrix can be approximated by a decomposition with two other non-negative matrices via non-negative matrix factorization.
A positive matrix is not the same as a positive-definite matrix. A matrix that is both non-negative and positive semidefinite is called a doubly non-negative matrix.
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of square positive matrices are described by the Perron–Frobenius theorem.
The inverse of a non-negative matrix is usually not non-negative. The exception is the non-negative monomial matrices: a non-negative matrix has non-negative inverse if and only if it is a (non-negative) monomial matrix. Note that thus the inverse of a positive matrix is not positive or even non-negative, as positive matrices are not monomial, for dimension
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