Nordborg Castle (Danish: Nordborg Slot) is a small castle which lies on the southern side of Nordborg Lake in Nordborg on the island of Als in Denmark. The castle premises are currently used as a boarding school.
Founding and early history
Alsborg was built whilst the Wends still dominated the Danish coast; its location a few kilometers inland meant that the castle could not be attacked without warning, and the local population had a better chance of taking refuge there.
The first written evidence of Alsborg is from the end of the 12th century. From this it is known that Bishop Valdemar of Slesvig was held prisoner at Alsborg between 1192 and 1197.
After Sønderborg Castle was built, Alsborg was renamed Nordborg.
Nordborg was for a large part of the middle ages the property of the king, and was on several occasions a source of income for the king's widow.
In 1571 King Frederick II’s brother Hans the Younger inherited his mother Queen Dorothea's possessions of Als and Sundeved including Nordborg. Hans was an enterprising man, who in the next 50 years constantly expanded and improved his properties. There was a series of building projects in and around Nordborg Slot.
Upon Hans the Younger's death in 1622 his possessions were divided into separate dukedoms, including Nordborg, which went to his son Hans Adolf. Hans Adolf died only two years later and so the dukedom then went to Hans the Younger's other son Frederik.
Occupation and Fire
In 1665 fire broke out in the castle, and it burnt down. Duke Johan Bugislaw went bankrupt and forfeited his estate, which reverted next to Duke August of Plön. In 1678 rebuilding of the castle began, and at this time the ducal coat-of-arms was placed over the castle entrance.
In 1730, Nordborg was taken back into crown possession. Nordborg had an estate of around 400 hectares, but in the following decades the land was turned into farms and in 1766 the castle was sold to a private owner and some of the buildings were demolished and sold for building materials.
High School and Boarding School
In 1909 the castle was purchased by Nordborg town. It was the pro-German Mayor Klinkers' dream to build a high school, which would be a counterweight for the Danish high schools north of the border. The castle was thereafter restored by the architect Eugen Fink, and in 1910 the castle was leased out to the German high school association in Northern Schleswig.
After the reunification in 1920 the castle was bought by the merchant Johan Hansen. He established Nordborg Slot Foundation, which since 1922 has run a Danish boarding school at the castle.
Nordborg Castle has been the backdrop for a number of years for Nordalsfestivalen.
Owners of Nordborg Castle
- (ca. 1150-1490) Between the Crown and the Sønderjyske dukes
- (1490-1564) the Crown
- (1564-1622) Duke Hans den Yngre
- (1622-1624) Duke Hans Adolf
- (1624-1658) Duke Frederik
- (1658-1669) Duke Hans Bugislav
- (1669-ca. 1672) the Crown
- (ca. 1672-1676) Johan Adolf of Pløn
- (1676-1699) Duke August of Nordborg-Pløn
- (1699-1722) Duke Joachim Frederik
- (1722-1729) Arvingerne til Duke Joachim Frederik
- (1729-1766) the Crown
- (1766-?) Hans Bugislav Carstens
- (?-1830) various owners
- (1830-?) Momme Steffens
- (?-1909) unknown owner
- (1909-1921) Nordborg town
- (1921) Johan Hansen
- (1921-) Nordborg Slot Foundation
- Nordborg Castle on the 1001 stories about Denmark website (Danish language)