Nueva Esparta-class destroyer
|Name:||Nueva Esparta class|
|Builders:||Vickers Armstrongs Shipyards, Barrow-in-Furness|
|Operators:||Bolivarian Armada of Venezuela|
|Length:||402 ft (123 m)|
|Beam:||43 ft (13 m)|
|Draught:||19 ft (5.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||Parsons steam turbines|
|Speed:||34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)|
|Range:||10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Complement:||18 officers and 236 crew members|
|Sensors and |
The ships were designed by Vickers-Armstrong shipyards in the 1950s for the Venezuela naval forces. The design has been identified as a derivative of the Batch 3 Battle-class destroyers built for the United Kingdom and Australia, according to information released by the International Naval Research Organization and several independent researchers in 2006. They were to form part of a fleet that included a 25,000 ton aircraft carrier and a Tiger-class cruiser.
The fleet arrangement for 30/04/1949 covers:
- 1 (25,000-ton) aircraft carrier (conceptual engineering)
- 1 (8,000-ton) cruiser (detailed engineering)
- 3 Nueva Esparta-class destroyers (built)
- 6 Almirante Clemente-class destroyers (built)
- 4 submarines (1 used from US Navy)
- 12 patrol boats (detailed engineering)
- 2 minesweepers (basic engineering)
- 1 marine assault ship (built)
The names assigned to these ships were associated with states in Venezuela.
- Nueva Esparta refers to bravery and loyalty.
- Zulia to remember the Battle of Lake Maracaibo in the Venezuelan War of Independence and the huge contribution of this state to that conflict.
- Aragua because this state is the military heart of Venezuela, and as homage to the La Victoria battle remembered on "Youth Day".
|Code||Name||Shipyard ID.||Keel date||Launch date||Commissioned||Repair||Weapons refit||Major maint||Status||Decommissioned||Life cycle|
|D21||Zulia||1010||24/07/1951||29/06/1953||14/02/1956||1959||1960||N/A||Floating museum - sunk||1983||29,32|
Sensors and EW
|FH-4||500||Surface and aerial search, bearing, and classification data||Passive RWR/ESM/SIGINT|
|Tipo 162||1||Search, bearing, and range data||Active sonar|
|Type 170||3||Search, bearing & range data||Active sonar|
|Type 177||3||Search, bearing & range data||Active/passive radar|
|Type 275 fc||16||Surface & aerial search in surface, bearing and classification, range & altitude data||Radar|
|Type 293||45||Surface & aerial search in surface, bearing and range data, IFF||Radar|
|Type 974||25||Surface & aerial search in surface, bearing and range data||Radar|
|Mount||Rate of Fire||Capacity||Weapons per mount|
|8 x twin mounting 40mm L/60 Bofors||120||800||16 x 40mm/60 twin double Bofors (max 16)|
|2 x Mark 4 Squid||180||3||3 x MK4 Squid (max 3)|
|3 x 4.5 inch (113 mm) L/45 Vickers Mark V in Mark IV twin mounting||18||900||3 x 114mm/45 Vickers MK IV Twin (max 6)|
|Magazines||Rate of Fire||Armor||Capacity||Stores|
|4.5 in (114 mm)||18||Light||900||900|
One ship was assigned to each destroyer division along with two Almirante Clemente-class destroyers; Nueva Esparta went to the first division, Zulia to the second and Aragua to the third.
- http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/venezuela/navy-history.htm A brief history about this ships
- list of Venezuelan Navy ships