Nyandeni Local Municipality

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Nyandeni
Local municipality
Official seal of Nyandeni
Seal
Location in the Eastern Cape
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 31°27′S 28°57′E / 31.450°S 28.950°E / -31.450; 28.950Coordinates: 31°27′S 28°57′E / 31.450°S 28.950°E / -31.450; 28.950
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District OR Tambo
Seat Libode
Wards 31
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Mr P M Diniso
 • Manager Mr H T Hlazo
Area
 • Total 2,474 km2 (955 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 290,390
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 99.4%
 • Coloured 0.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.1%
 • White 0.1%
First languages (2011)[3]
 • Xhosa 95.3%
 • English 2.0%
 • Other 2.7%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code EC155

Nyandeni Local Municipality is a local municipality in the OR Tambo District, situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Its administrative seat is the town of Libode. The entire municipal area falls within the former Transkei homeland area.

The urban population is mainly located in the two small towns of Libode and Ngqeleni.[4]

Scattered, low-density rural settlements dominate the municipality. 79% of households reside in traditional or village type settlements. These settlements are loosely scattered throughout the entire municipal area and are surrounded by communal grazing and arable lands. The majority of residential structures are self-built. Apart from a few trading stores, there is little sign of any significant economic activity within the rural settlements.[5]

Many of the families in the rural regions of the municipality were formerly supported by men who worked as migrant labour in local mines. Subsequent retrenchment at the mines has left these communities with scant means to survive.[5]

About 77% of households can be regarded as indigents with access to either no income or incomes of less than R800 (US $108) per month.[4]

Most of the education institutions in Nyandeni cater to lower level schooling. Of the 426 schools in the Nyandeni area, 64% are overcrowded or highly overcrowded, according to the OR Tambo District office.[5]

The spread of HIV/AIDS is an extremely severe and urgent problem in the area. In 2009 the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate was as high as 50%-60% among tested cases; these cases were mainly females who participated in voluntary testing during their regular pregnancy visits to local clinics.[5]

Main places[edit]

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:[6]

Place Code Area (km2) Population
Amasane 23401 26.59 3,244
Gibisela 23402 103.10 13,723
Konjyaoyo 23403 380.45 39,367
Libode 23404 33.68 3,835
Masizakhe 23405 6.71 579
Mbalisweni 23406 121.53 6,333
Mcwebeni 23407 159.79 16,614
Mhlanga 23408 709.67 81,298
Ndluzula 23409 2.51 578
Ngqeleni 23410 15.17 2,062
Ngqubusini 23411 292.53 41,001
Ngxangule 23412 105.59 9,131
Nqabe 23413 17.07 2,388
Ntakatye 23414 310.72 36,078
Qokolweni/Zimbane 23415 4.38 0
Simanzi 23416 309.37 24,566
Tshomane 23417 7.03 0
Xesibe 23418 4.85 464

Politics[edit]

The municipal council consists of sixty-three members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Thirty-two councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in thirty-two wards, while the remaining thirty-one are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of fifty-four seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.[7][8]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
African National Congress 55,426 56,583 112,009 83.6 32 22 54
United Democratic Movement 3,394 3,911 7,305 5.4 0 3 3
Democratic Alliance 2,707 2,767 5,474 4.1 0 3 3
Economic Freedom Fighters 2,572 2,745 5,317 4.0 0 3 3
Independent 2,815 2,815 2.1 0 0
United Party 264 377 641 0.5 0 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 73 322 395 0.3 0 0 0
Congress of the People 40 40 0.0 0 0 0
Total 67,291 66,705 133,996 100.0 32 31 63
Spoilt votes 1,147 1,644 2,791

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.nyandenilm.gov.za/Overview.php
  5. ^ a b c d "Nyandeni Integrated Development Plan: Review 2009/2010." Nyandeni Local Municipality. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
  6. ^ Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
  7. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Nyandeni" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Nyandeni" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 

External links[edit]