City Of Oakville
Location of Oakville, Washington
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Type||Code City, Mayor – Council|
|• Mayor||Keith Francis|
|• Council||Julie Zehe, Traci Fallow, Anthony Smith, Allen Werth, John Ruymann|
|• Total||0.50 sq mi (1.29 km2)|
|• Land||0.50 sq mi (1.29 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||95 ft (29 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,368.0/sq mi (528.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1507136|
Oakville is a city in Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States. It was incorporated in 1905, with booming lumber, railway, and farming industries creating the early foundation of the community. The population was 684 at the 2010 census.
In 1818, the United States and Great Britain agreed to a treaty of joint occupancy in the Oregon Country, which included the land that would eventually become Oakville, Washington. Over the next several decades, citizens of the United States began to settle in the area. As traveling by boat was easier than moving through the dense forests, many used the river system, entering from the port of Grays Harbor and canoeing inland via the Chehalis River. The British government gave full ownership of the area to the United States in 1846.
In 1850, the land now occupied by Oakville was mainly open prairie, was maintained by yearly fires started deliberately by local tribes, which kept the forest from encroaching and which encouraged the bloom of camas, a staple food, and other plants. This open land was attractive to settlers arriving in the area. The native people of the area were very helpful to the settlers, and towns began to be platted up and down the Chehalis River. In the 1870s, a party of several families relocated to the area from Crawford County, Illinois. The leader of the party, James Reed Harris, had purchased the donation claim for the area from John Hole for $1200. He applied for a post office, and after some discussion, it was decided to use the name "Oakville," inspired by the Garry oak trees in the area; the post office opened on December 31, 1873. Logging and railroad construction soon brought other settlers to the area; the plat of the city site was filed on September 27, 1887. Around 1890, Northern Pacific Railway was laying tracks through the city. By the turn of the century, a Northern Pacific train station had been established in the city, and the area had several general stores, a new school, and a couple of hotels. Oakville was officially incorporated on December 18, 1905.
In 1909, a report by the Railroad Commission of Washington described Oakville:
"Oakville is a town of about 400 inhabitants, located on the line of the Northern Pacific trailer in the center of an important lumbering and taking district. The timber resources of this section are of immense value and the bottom lands are well adapted to general farming. Oakville is a growing town and will develop more rapidly as the resources of the surrounding district are more thoroughly exploited."
Lumber was a major industry in the early days of the city; in 1916, Oakville Lumber Company, Big Fir Lumber Company, Vance Lumber Company, and others were in operation, along with the Callow Mill. The city was "noted for large shipments of cascara bark." Factories were also part of the city's economy, with the E.H. Hilton & Co. Oiled Clothes Factory in operation by 1915, and the Oakville Co-Operative Cheese Company incorporating a few years later. Other businesses in the early days of the city included a jewelry store, a shoe company, and a hardware store. The city's librarian Clara Trudgeon had been appointed by the State Traveling Library by 1908, making Oakville eligible to be a recipient of one of the 150 cases of books the state had in rotation. The weekly newspaper was The Oakville Cruiser. By 1919, the city had an active community center, and the high school had received accreditation as a four-year school.
The historic bank in was incorporated on August 14, 1909 by C.R. Harper and C.C. Scates; first called the Oakville State Bank, it changed names and ownership several times over the next century. It is said to be the last bank in Washington to be robbed by a rider on horseback. The city has commemorated this throughout the years by hosting reenactments of the robbery, with groups competing to give the best performance.
On August 7, 1994, a resident reported that a translucent, gelatinous substance had rained down in the night; she expressed concern that it may have caused her and her mother to become ill, and speculated it may have been the reason her kitten died. When the substance appeared again, samples were collected and tested by a local doctor, who initially stated that the substance contained human blood cells. Further testing by the Department of Ecology refuted these results, as tests showed that there were no nuclei present. Several theories were given by residents, including wondering whether the substance might have been waste from a commercial plane toilet or whether it may have been particles of deceased jellyfish that had evaporated and been incorporated into a rain cloud. No theory was ever proven to be correct, but for a time, the incident received coverage in several media outlets, including The New York Times, and a segment was produced about it for an episode of Unsolved Mysteries.
Oakville is on the northern shore of the Chehalis River, just downstream from the convergence of the Chehalis and Black Rivers. This is an area subject to annual flooding, with major floods occurring most recently in 2007 and 1996. Both of these floods were federally declared disasters due to the extensive damage to human life, livestock, and property in the region. In 2016, the Chehalis River Basin Flood Authority authorized $55,000 to be used to collect data, geography, and history on the flooding in the city, which reports indicated to be affecting approximately 35 homes and causing on average three road closures per event, with this flooding occurring typically twice a year.
|Climate data for Oakville|
|Record high °F (°C)||66
|Average high °F (°C)||45.3
|Average low °F (°C)||32.2
|Record low °F (°C)||—||3
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||8.25
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||3.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)||18||15||17||14||11||8||4||5||8||13||18||19||150|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 684 people, 260 households, and 176 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,368.0 inhabitants per square mile (528.2/km2). There were 291 housing units at an average density of 582.0 per square mile (224.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.5% White, 0.6% African American, 5.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.1% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population.
There were 260 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.3% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08.
The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 675 people, 233 households, and 170 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,407.3 people per square mile (543.0/km²). There were 260 housing units at an average density of 542.1 per square mile (209.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.04% White, 1.19% African American, 7.11% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 3.41% from other races, and 6.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.41% of the population. 18.6% were of German, 6.8% American, 6.6% Norwegian, 5.6% Irish and 5.1% European ancestry.
There were 233 households out of which 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the city, the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,357, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $32,431 versus $23,214 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,428. About 17.5% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.7% of those under age 18 and 23.1% of those age 65 or over.
In the first few decades of Oakville, the area had a booming trade in lumber, with logging and mills providing a flourishing foundation to the economy, and with many other businesses springing up to sell to the workers these trades brought in. As the timber industry faded, many of the other businesses shut down as well.
As of 2018, Oakville's main businesses included a small grocery store, a few diners, an organic bedding manufacturer, an auction house, and a chip plant, as well as some farms on the outskirts of the city. Oakville also has a chamber of commerce.
Arts and culture
The city has several annual events. In July, it hosts an Independence Day parade, temporarily closing a stretch of U.S. Highway 12. Later in the summer, it is home to the Zucchini Jubilee. Other local traditions have included a tree lighting and an egg hunt. The city also regularly hosts a Saint Patrick's Day dinner, a harvest festival, and a spaghetti dinner.
Oakville is bordered on the east by the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation. The tribe offers many services to its members in the community, helping to maintain the cultural heritage of the area.
Parks and recreation
The city has a playground, a picnic shelter, and a basketball court located at Al Brandt Municipal Park, across from city hall. The area surrounding the city is host to a variety of outdoor activities, with boating, fishing, and swimming taking place in the Chehalis and Black rivers to the south, and hiking, hunting, camping, horseback riding, and mountain biking in Capitol State Forest to the north.
The Oakville Regional Event Center hosts a variety of competitions, from rodeos to adventure races.
The city is governed by a mayor and a city council. The council meets twice a month.
The city also maintains a municipal court, a cemetery, water utility, and a fire department. In the fiscal years of 2013 and 2014, the City was operating on annual budgets of approximately $800,000.
The city regularly partners with the chamber of commerce to plan community events.
Oakville School District No. 400 has one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school. It serves approximately 250 students in Grays Harbor County. The Board of Directors governs the operations of the district; this board has five members, who are elected to terms lasting four years. The day-to-day operations of the district are managed under the leadership of the superintendent, who is appointed by the school board. The district employs approximately thirty people in the roles of teachers and support staff. The district operates on a general fund budget of approximately $3.5 million.
- Hazel Pete (March 21, 1914 – January 2, 2003), a skilled basket weaver from the Chehalis tribe who attended school in Oakville
- Katherine Van Winkle Palmer (1895 – September 12, 1982), an accomplished paleontologist from Oakville
- Frank Hinman Waskey (April 20, 1875 – January 18, 1964) was a delegate from the District of Alaska who settled in Oakville
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- "Oakville". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- State of Washington (1909). Second and Third Annual Reports of the Railroad Commission of Washington. E.L. Boardman. p. 94. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "The Oregon Territory, 1846". Department of State, United States of America: Office of the Historian. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- Davis, Kelle A. (1990). From Lower Fords Prairie to Poverty Flats: Stories of Some of the White Settlers of the Oakville Area, 1850 to 1900. Davis Creek Farm.
- ""Welcome to the City of Oakville"". City of Oakville. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Curtiss, Paul D. (2006). Northern Pacific, Tacoma Division: Grays Harbor Line.
- The Official Railway Guide: North American Freight Service Edition. National Railway Publication Company. 1900. p. 1004. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- ""Timberman"". The Timberman. M. Freeman Publications. 18. 1916. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Giles, Harry F. (1915). The Beauties of the State of Washington: A Book for Tourists. Olympia: Frank M. Lamborn. p. 44. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "E.H. Hilton & Co. Oiled Clothes Factory, Oakville, WA". Washington State Historical Society. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Fourth Message of Governor Ernest Lister to the State Legislature. Frank M. Lamborn. 1919. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Jewelry Store, Oakville, WA". Washington State Historical Society. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Fire burns 127 year old building in Oakville". KXRO News. July 5, 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Gazetteer". Washington State Gazetteer. 1913–14.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
- "MsSC 130: Oakville State Bank". Washington State Historical Society. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Forsyth, Ashley (July 5, 2004). "Bank robbed seven times Saturday". The Daily Chronicle. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Mason, Kimberly (July 4, 2010). "Oakville Celebrates Independence With Parade and Reenactment of Horseback Bank Robbery". The Chronicle. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Davis, Jeff; Eufrasio, Al; Moran, Mark (2008). Weird Washington: Your Travel Guide to Washington's Local Legends and Best Kept Secrets. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. pp. 94–95.
- Paulson, Tom (Aug 20, 1994b). "What are these ... blobs". The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- The New York Times (Aug 20, 1994). "Mystery Blobs were once alive". Observer-Reporter. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Washington State Department of Transportation (August 17, 2012). "WSDOT Draft Report: I-5 protection from 13th Street to Mellen Street near Centralia and Chehalis" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Oakville, GHC, WSDOT Flood Relief Analysis Project". EZ View. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- Brewer, Christopher. "Adventure Racers Run, Paddle, Bike, Trek for Pride, Glory in Oakville". The Daily Chronicle. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- Climate Summary for Oakville, Washington
- "OAKVILLE, WA (456011)". Western Regional Climate Centre. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- Nesheim, Leif (2012). "The State's Last Horseback Bank Robbery". Destination: Grays Harbor. The Vidette Staff. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Chehalis Tribe". Native Portland Area Indian Health Board. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- Kelley, Troy. "Report on Accountability". Washington State Auditor's Office. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Washington State Report Card: Oakville School District, 2016-2017". Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Washington State Auditor ’s Office (May 31, 2016). "Accountability Audit Report: Oakville School District No. 400, Grays Harbor County - For the period September 1, 2014 through August 31, 2015"". Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "F-195 Budget" (PDF). Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Oakville School District. Retrieved 9 July 2018.