Of Mice and Men (1992 film)
|Of Mice and Men|
|Directed by||Gary Sinise|
|Screenplay by||Horton Foote|
|Based on||Of Mice and Men|
by John Steinbeck
|Produced by||Gary Sinise|
|Edited by||Robert L. Sinise|
|Music by||Mark Isham|
|October 2, 1992|
|Box office||$5.5 million|
Of Mice and Men is a 1992 American period drama western film based on John Steinbeck's 1937 novella of the same name. Directed and produced by Gary Sinise, the film features Sinise as George Milton, alongside John Malkovich as Lennie Small, with Casey Siemaszko as Curley, John Terry as Slim, Ray Walston as Candy, Joe Morton as Crooks, and Sherilyn Fenn as Curley's wife.
Horton Foote adapted the story for film. Its plot centers on George and the intellectually disabled Lennie, two farm workers who travel together and dream of one day owning their own land. The film explores themes of discrimination, loneliness, and the American Dream, as well as the desire for a place to call home.
Of Mice and Men took part in the 1992 Cannes Film Festival, where Sinise was nominated for the Palme d'Or award, given to the director of the best-featured film. After the film debuted in the United States on October 2, 1992, it received acclaim from critics.
The movie opens with George reminiscing in a boxcar.
During the Great Depression, quick-witted George Milton and physically strong but mentally disabled Lennie Small are fleeing their previous employment, where Lennie was accused of attempted rape after he held on to a young woman, prompted by his love of stroking soft things. They travel to work on Tyler ranch near Soledad.
George reluctantly agrees to tell Lennie again about their dream, describing how they will one day have their own piece of land where Lennie will tend their rabbits. George says if Lennie should ever get in trouble, he is to hide in the brush and wait for him. At Tyler Ranch, the Boss is suspicious of Lennie's mental condition. George lies to the boss saying Lennie is his cousin and was kicked in the head by a horse when he was a child. They befriend old one-handed ranch-hand Candy, but dislike the Boss' son, Curley, who hates people bigger than him. Curley's attractive wife flirts with Lennie and George, and George instructs Lennie to avoid her.
George meets their work team, respected head man Slim, and Carlson, who suggests they shoot Candy's sick old dog and get one of his pups. Lennie excitedly asks George for a pup. After a hard day, George is proud of Lennie's work and gets him his puppy. Candy offers to pitch in with Lennie and George to buy their farm. Just as it seems their dream is moving closer to fruition, Curley accuses Slim of keeping his wife company. Curley viciously attacks Lennie for laughing, yelling at him to fight back. Prompted by George, Lennie crushes Curley's hand. George fears for their jobs, but Slim gives Curley an ultimatum: if Curley tries to get George and Lennie fired, Slim will humiliate Curley by telling everyone how Curley's hand really got crushed. Concerned for his reputation, Curley reluctantly agrees to say his hand got caught in a machine.
Lennie talks about being lonely, and Curley's wife attempts to engage him in conversation. Frustrated, she runs to the house in tears vowing to leave the ranch forever. In the barn that evening, Lennie has accidentally killed his puppy and is greatly upset. Curley's wife enters and admits her loneliness, confiding that her dreams of being a movie star were crushed. Learning of Lennie's love of petting soft things, she lets him stroke her hair. She soon complains and then screams that he is pulling too hard. Trying to keep her quiet, Lennie accidentally breaks her neck. He runs to hide in the brush as George told him to do. Candy finds Curley's wife dead and informs George. Curley leads a lynch mob but George finds Lennie first and calms him by retelling their dream. As George gets to the part where Lennie tends the rabbits, he shoots Lennie in the back of the head, sparing him from a cruel death at the hands of the mob.
The scene returns to George in the boxcar, heading South, sadly remembering his times working with Lennie.
- Gary Sinise as George Milton
- John Malkovich as Lennie Small
- Ray Walston as Candy
- Casey Siemaszko as Curley
- Sherilyn Fenn as Curley's wife
- Noble Willingham as the Boss
- John Terry as Slim
- Richard Riehle as Carlson
- Joe Morton as Crooks
- Mark Boone Junior as the Bus Driver
- Moira Harris as the Girl in the Red Dress
- Robert (later Alexis) Arquette as Whitt
The first experience Sinise had with Steinbeck's work came when Sinise attended Highland Park High School. His drama class went to Guthrie Theater and observed three plays in two days, one being Of Mice and Men. After viewing the play, he "stood up and applauded" and "was trying to scream some sort of acknowledgement of my feelings ... but I was so choked up nothing came out except tears." He credits the play with "[introducing] me to literature".
Through the story of George and Lennie and their pursuit of a place to call home Steinbeck highlights that sometimes as stated by Charlotte Cook Hadella in her book Of Mice and Men: A Kinship of Powerlessness, "real life is more complex than 'life' as depicted in realistic art." This is shown in George and Lennie's pursuit of the American dream, which to them meant purchasing their own farm so they would finally have a place to call their own. What follows is a tragic tale of how life can be more unpredictable and tragic than any film or novel ever devised.
The Great Depression was a period within the 1930s that reflected a great growth between the wealth-gap in America. As Steinbeck worked as a laborer during the 1920s, he was exposed to the lives of many migrant workers and their stories of hardship, many of which were reflected in his early works. According to Hadella, "one of his earliest published stories, “Fingers of Cloud” (1924), takes place in the bunkhouse of a Filipino work gang. Tortilla Flat (1935), his first commercial success, details the lives of the paisanos, people of Spanish-Mexican descent who lived in the hills above Monterey. Juan Chicoy, a Mexican Indian, is the central character in The Wayward Bus (1947). Given the multiracial configuration of the California labor force in the early decades of the twentieth century, we may conclude that in Of Mice and Men, where the laborers are white Americans, Steinbeck did not intend to draw an accurate sociohistorical picture. Still, the subsistence-level economy, the tensions between workers and owners, and the social marginality of the migrant workers in the novella ring true to the historical details of the actual setting."
Differences between the film and book
While the film and book tell the same story, there are some creative liberties taken within the film, such as the scene that depicts Lennie killing the puppy. In the book Lennie feels remorse for what he has done, while in the film he simply paces around while holding the puppy. This shows how the book depicts Lennie in a much more sympathetic fashion compared to the film. Another difference between the film and the book is the important scene depicting George shooting Lennie. In the movie George shoots Lennie very quickly with little to no hesitation, while in the book George hesitates to shoot Lennie, which shows how he is depicted as a more sympathetic character within the book. Another difference is the depiction of the character of Curley's wife. In the book she is depicted as flirtatious and cruel and when she dies she is painted as less of a victim than in the movie, where she is depicted as more bored and therefore painted as more of a victim.
Release and reception
On April 16, 1992, Gilles Jacob, director of the Cannes Film Festival, announced the 27 films competing in the "Official Competition" category, including Of Mice and Men. The film premiered the next month, and was Sinise's second film to compete at Cannes, after the 1988 feature Miles from Home. After viewing Of Mice and Men, critic Don Marshall noted how the audience gave a standing ovation to its cast. Marshall said he was "surprised" that the film did not win an award, although Sinise was nominated for the Palme d'Or, given to the director of the best featured film.
The most sincere compliment I can pay them is to say that all of them – writer and actors – have taken every unnecessary gesture, every possible gratuitous note, out of these characters. The story is as pure and lean as the original fable which formed in Steinbeck's mind. And because they don't try to do anything fancy – don't try to make it anything other than exactly what it is – they have a quiet triumph.
—Roger Ebert on Of Mice and Men
The film made its American debut on October 2, 1992, and grossed $5,471,088 from a total of 398 theaters. Despite what the Los Angeles Daily News described as a "poor box office performance", the film received positive critical acclaim. On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 97% of 29 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 8.0/10. The website's consensus reads, "Of Mice and Men honors its classic source material with a well-acted adaptation that stays powerfully focused on the story's timeless themes." Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 73 out of 100, based on 20 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Critic Roger Ebert complimented the cast on their attention to detail. Writing for Variety, Todd McCarthy was impressed at the set design, and contrasted the film's "lovely, burnished hues" with the studio-produced 1939 film. He went on to say that the actors' performances were "sterling" and gave the supporting cast positive reception. Vincent Canby of The New York Times also praised the physical production and supporting cast, but added that the film "is not very exciting", possibly because "looking back at Lennie and George with the perspective of time robs them of their urgency." The Austin Chronicle's Steve Davis called Of Mice and Men "unassuming but well-made".
MGM released Of Mice and Men on VHS in 1993 and on Video CD in 1995. The film was later released as a DVD by MGM Home Entertainment on March 4, 2003. The DVD is featured in widescreen with English, French, and Spanish subtitles, and has the option of French dubbing. The film was then released on Blu-ray by Olive Films on January 19, 2016.
- ^ Terry, Clifford (September 13, 1992). "Sinise To Steinbeck To Sinise: A Lifelong Passion Comes To The Screen". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014.
- ^ a b c Hadella, Charlotte Cook (1995). Of mice and men : a kinship of powerlessness. Twayne Publishers. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
- ^ West, Thomas (April 15, 2020). "Of Mice And Men: 10 Differences Between The Book And The Film". ScreenRant. Retrieved October 10, 2022.
- ^ Kehr, Dave (April 19, 1992). "'Of Mice And Men' To Represent Chicago At Cannes". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on April 19, 1992.
- ^ Marshall, Don (May 22, 1992). "'Losers' Outnumber 'Winners' 10 to 1 at 45th Annual Cannes Film Festival". Deseret News. Deseret News Publishing Company. Retrieved February 11, 2023.
- ^ Movshovitz, Howie (May 3, 1992). "Cannes festival brings stars, films into spotlight glare". The Denver Post. MediaNews Group. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2023.
- ^ a b Ebert, Roger (October 2, 1992). "Of Mice and Men". Rogerebert.com. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- ^ "Of Mice and Men". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- ^ "'Evidence' of Revival at MGM?". Los Angeles Daily News. MediaNews Group. January 17, 1993. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2023.
- ^ "Of Mice and Men". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
- ^ "Of Mice and Men". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
- ^ McCarthy, Todd (May 18, 1992). "Of Mice and Men". Variety.
- ^ Canby, Vincent (October 2, 1992). "Review/Film; New Facets Highlighted in a Classic". The New York Times.
- ^ Davis, Steve (October 23, 1992). "Of Mice and Men". The Austin Chronicle. Austin Chronicle Corporation.
- ^ Of Mice and Men. WorldCat. OCLC 51812005.
- 1992 films
- American drama films
- 1992 Western (genre) films
- American Western (genre) films
- American buddy drama films
- Films based on American novels
- Films based on works by John Steinbeck
- Films directed by Gary Sinise
- Films set in California
- Films set on farms
- Films set in the 1930s
- Films shot in California
- Great Depression films
- Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer films
- Films with screenplays by Horton Foote
- Of Mice and Men
- Films scored by Mark Isham
- 1990s buddy drama films
- 1990s English-language films
- 1990s American films
- Films about disability