Old Town Square execution

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Contemporary woodcut depicting the execution

Old Town Square execution (Czech: Staroměstská exekuce) was the execution of 27 Czech Protestant leaders (three noblemen, seven knights and 17 burghers) of the Bohemian Revolt by the Austrian Catholic House of Habsburg that took place on June 21, 1621 at the Old Town Square in Prague.

After the Protestant uprising of the Bohemian estates against the Catholic Habsburgs resulted in Thirty Years' War and a final defeat in the Battle of White Mountain, Habsburgs took their revenge and executed some of the key leaders of the uprising, although with some others the punishment was reduced and some were pardoned.

Some nobles involved in the uprising escaped into exile, such as Jindřich Matyáš Thurn. Martin Fruwein z Podolí (cs, de) was also expected to be executed, but he was found dead before the execution.

List of the executed[edit]

Memorial plaque with names of those executed
27 tributary crosses in the place of execution today

Nobles[edit]

  1. Joachim Andreas von Schlick
  2. Václav Budovec z Budova (cs, de)
  3. Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic

Knights[edit]

  1. Kašpar Kaplíř ze Sulevic (cs, de)
  2. Prokop Dvořecký z Olbramovic (cs)
  3. Fridrich z Bílé (cs, de)
  4. Jindřich Otta z Losu (cs)
  5. Diviš Černín z Chudenic (cs, de)
  6. Vilém Konecchlumský z Konecchlumí (cs)
  7. Bohuslav z Michalovic (cs)

Burghers[edit]

  1. Valentin Kochan z Prachové (cs)
  2. Tobiáš Štefek z Koloděj (cs)
  3. Jan Jesenius
  4. Kryštof Kobr z Koberštejna (cs)
  5. Jan Šultys z Felsdorfu (cs)
  6. Maxmilián Hošťálek z Javořice
  7. Jan Kutnauer ze Sonenštejna (cs)
  8. Simeon Sušický ze Sonenštejna (cs)
  9. Nathanaél Vodňanský z Uračova (cs)
  10. Václav Maštěrovský z Jizbice (cs)
  11. Jindřich Kozel z Peclinovce (cs)
  12. Ondřej Kocour z Votína (cs)
  13. Jiří Řečický (cs)
  14. Michal Witmann (cs)
  15. Simeon Vokáč z Chyš (cs)
  16. Leander Rüppel z Ruppachu (cs)
  17. Jiří Hauenšild z Fürstenfeldu (cs)

Sources[edit]

  • Josef Svátek: Paměti katovské rodiny Mydlářů - rozličné příběhy katovské Volume 2, Publisher: XYZ, Prague 2005, ISBN 80-86864-25-1 (in Czech)

External links[edit]