Ombilin Coal Mine

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Ombilin Coal Mine
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een ingang van de Ombilin steenkoolmijnen TMnr 20018524.jpg
An entrance to the Ombilin coal mine in 1971
Ombilin Coal Mine is located in Indonesia
Ombilin Coal Mine
Ombilin Coal Mine
ProvinceWest Sumatra
Coordinates0°41′S 100°46′E / 0.683°S 100.767°E / -0.683; 100.767Coordinates: 0°41′S 100°46′E / 0.683°S 100.767°E / -0.683; 100.767
ProductsCoking coal

The Ombilin Coal Mine (formerly PT Tambang Batubara Ombilin (TBO)) is a coal mine near Sawahlunto, West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) northeast of Padang. By 2008, the mine had estimated reserves about 90.3 million tonnes of coking coal, of which 43 million tonnes was mineable.[1] The mine is owned by PT Tambang Batubara Bukit Asam (PTBA) and operated by the China National Technology Import-Export Corporation (CNTIC).[2] The mine produces about 500,000 tonnes of coal per year.[1]

Coal was discovered in this area by Dutch engineer WH. De Gereve in 1868. Mining started at the open-pit mine in 1892 after the construction of a railway. In the pre-independence period, coal production peaked in 1930, at more than 620,000 tonnes a year. In 1942–1945, the mine was controlled by Japan. In 1945–1958, the mine was managed by the directorate of mining and in 1958–1968, by the bureau of state mining companies. In 1968, it became the Ombilin production unit of the state coal mining company. Production peaked in 1976 at 1,201,846 tonnes per year.[1]

Until 2002 it operated as an open-pit mine. After that, only underground mine continues operating.[2] In recent times, CNTIC has invested $100 million to the mine.[3]

On 2011, the region continues to bring benefits to its constituents through reforestation of the former mining location and its conversion into a tourist destination. A well maintenance pit with sufficient lighting and air supply from blower attract local and foreign tourists mainly from Malaysia and Singapore. Seeing the pit cost Rp.30,000 (US$3.5) per person.[1]

Coalmine Ombilin at Sawahlunto circa 1915.


  1. ^ a b c d Saleh, Khairul (2011-03-23). "From COAL MINE to tourist spot". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  2. ^ a b "Tambang Batubara Bukit Asam" (PDF). B-Inside International Media GmbH. 2004-11-22. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  3. ^ PT BUKIT ASAM TO EXPLOIT COAL IN OMBILIN WITH CHINESE FIRM., April 7, 2003 Archived October 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

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