Omicron Persei

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Stars of Perseus. Omicron Persei is labeled with a lowercase omicron, located at the bottom of the image.
ο Persei
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Perseus
Right ascension 03h 44m 19.132s[1]
Declination +32° 17' 17.69"[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +3.83
Distance 1000-1600 ly
(300-500 pc)
Spectral type B1III/B3V
Other designations
Atik, 38 Per, HR 1131, HD 23180, SAO 56673

Omicron Persei (ο Persei, abbreviated Omicron Per, ο Per), also named Atik,[2] is a binary star in the constellation of Perseus.

Nomenclature[edit]

ο Persei (Latinised to Omicron Persei) is the star's Bayer designation.

It bore the traditional name Atik (also Ati, Al Atik), Arabic for "the shoulder". Some sources, including a planetarium software package, an atlas,[3] and a web site[4] attribute the name Atik to the nearby, brighter star Zeta Persei. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[5] to catalogue and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN approved the name Atik for Omicron Persei on 12 September 2016 and it is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.[2]

Namesake[edit]

USS Atik was a ship of the United States Navy.

Properties[edit]

Atik is a spectroscopic binary consisting of a spectral type B1 giant and a type B3 dwarf orbiting each other every 8.5 days.

In fiction[edit]

Omicron Persei is perhaps best known from the animated television series Futurama, where it is the Solar System of the Omicronians- a race of giant horned toad creatures. Its eighth planet is ruled by the despotic leader, Lrrr,[6] who loudly and frequently announces the name of his home system.

It has been featured in other science fiction including Star Trek, Mystery Science Theater 3000, and Transformers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Database entry for omicron persei, SIMBAD. Accessed online July 8, 2009.
  2. ^ a b "IAU Catalog of Star Names". Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Mullaney, James, and Tirion, Wil (2009). The Cambridge Double Star Atlas, Chart 7. University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-49343-7. 
  4. ^ Your Sky Object Catalogue: Named Stars
  5. ^ IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN), International Astronomical Union, retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Wallace, Lewis (25 August 2010). "Futurama Takes Starbuck and Sergio Aragonés to Comic-Con in 3010". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 

External links[edit]