Omicron Persei

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ο Persei
Perseus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of ο Persei (circled red)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Perseus
Right ascension 03h 44m 19.13204s[1]
Declination 32° 17′ 17.6929″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.83[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B1III / B2V[3]
U−B color index -0.75[2]
B−V color index +0.05[2]
Variable type ellipsoidal[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+12.20[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +8.18[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -10.43[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)2.91 ± 0.73[1] mas
Distanceapprox. 1,100 ly
(approx. 340 pc)
Details
Mass15.5[6] M
Luminosity61,869[7] L
Temperature22,840[8] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)90[9] km/s
Other designations
Atik, 38 Persei, ADS 2726 AB, BD+31°642, CCDM J03443+3217AB, GC 4461, GSC 02359-01258, HIP 17448, HR 1131, HD 23180, SAO 56673, WDS J03443+3217AB
Database references
SIMBADdata
ο Persei in optical light

Omicron Persei (ο Persei, abbreviated Omicron Per, ο Per) is a triple star system in the constellation of Perseus. From parallax measurements taken during the Hipparcos mission it is approximately 1,100 light-years (340 parsecs) from the Sun.

The system consists of[10] a binary pair designated Omicron Persei A and a third companion Omicron Persei B. A's two components are themselves designated Omicron Persei Aa (also named Atik[11]) and Ab.

Nomenclature[edit]

ο Persei (Latinised to Omicron Persei) is the system's Bayer designation. The designations of the two constituents as Omicron Persei A and B, and those of A's components - Omicron Persei Aa and Ab - derive from the convention used by the Washington Multiplicity Catalog (WMC) for multiple star systems, and adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).[12]

It bore the traditional name Atik (also Ati, Al Atik), Arabic for "the shoulder". Some sources, including a planetarium software package, an atlas,[13] and a web site[14] attribute the name Atik to the nearby, brighter star Zeta Persei. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[15] to catalogue and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN decided to attribute proper names to individual stars rather than entire multiple systems.[16] It approved the name Atik for the component Omicron Persei A on 12 September 2016 and it is now so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names.[11]

In Chinese, 卷舌 (Juǎn Shé), meaning Rolled Tongue, refers to an asterism consisting of Omicron Persei, Nu Persei, Epsilon Persei, Xi Persei, Zeta Persei and 40 Persei.[17] Consequently, Omicron Persei itself is known as 卷舌五 (Juǎn Shé wu), "the Fifth Star of Rolled Tongue".[18]

Namesake[edit]

USS Atik was a ship of the United States Navy.

Properties[edit]

Omicron Persei A is a spectroscopic binary consisting of a spectral type B1 giant and a type B2 dwarf orbiting each other every 4.4 days.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. Vizier catalog entry
  2. ^ a b c Ducati, J. R. (2002). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson's 11-color system". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues. 2237. Bibcode:2002yCat.2237....0D.
  3. ^ a b Stickland, D. J.; Lloyd, C. (1998). "Spectroscopic binary orbits from ultraviolet radial velocities. Paper 28: Omicron Persei". The Observatory. 118: 138. Bibcode:1998Obs...118..138S.
  4. ^ Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/gcvs. Originally published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....1.2025S.
  5. ^ Pourbaix, D.; Tokovinin, A. A.; Batten, A. H.; Fekel, F. C.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Levato, H.; Morrell, N. I.; Torres, G.; Udry, S. (2004). "SB9: The ninth catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 424 (2): 727. arXiv:astro-ph/0406573. Bibcode:2004A&A...424..727P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041213.
  6. ^ Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (2011). "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 410: 190. arXiv:1007.4883. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. Vizier catalog entry
  7. ^ Hohle, M.M.; Neuhäuser, R.; Schutz, B.F. (2010). "Masses and luminosities of O- and B-type stars and red supergiants". Astronomische Nachrichten. 331 (4): 349. arXiv:1003.2335. Bibcode:2010AN....331..349H. doi:10.1002/asna.200911355. Vizier catalog entry
  8. ^ Zorec, J.; Cidale, L.; Arias, M. L.; Frémat, Y.; Muratore, M. F.; Torres, A. F.; Martayan, C. (2009). "Fundamental parameters of B supergiants from the BCD system". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 501: 297. arXiv:0903.5134. Bibcode:2009A&A...501..297Z. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200811147.
  9. ^ Abt, Helmut A.; Levato, Hugo; Grosso, Monica (2002). "Rotational Velocities of B Stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 573: 359. Bibcode:2002ApJ...573..359A. doi:10.1086/340590.
  10. ^ "Displaying next number in catalog HIP => 17448". Multiple Star Catalog. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  11. ^ a b "Naming Stars". IAU.org. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  12. ^ Hessman, F. V.; Dhillon, V. S.; Winget, D. E.; Schreiber, M. R.; Horne, K.; Marsh, T. R.; Guenther, E.; Schwope, A.; Heber, U. (2010). "On the naming convention used for multiple star systems and extrasolar planets". arXiv:1012.0707 [astro-ph.SR].
  13. ^ Mullaney, James, and Tirion, Wil (2009). The Cambridge Double Star Atlas, Chart 7. University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-49343-7.
  14. ^ Your Sky Object Catalogue: Named Stars
  15. ^ IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN), International Astronomical Union, retrieved 22 May 2016.
  16. ^ "WG Triennial Report (2015-2018) - Star Names" (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  17. ^ (in Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  18. ^ (in Chinese) 香港太空館 - 研究資源 - 亮星中英對照表 Archived 2008-10-25 at the Wayback Machine, Hong Kong Space Museum. Accessed on line November 23, 2010.

External links[edit]