In the European Community, the 2003 extension of the working time directive to junior doctors and the ruling that on-call time counts as working hours has resulted in the introduction of shift work for hospital medical staff, thereby eliminating the requirements for on-call rooms. A similar change in hospital working hours for interns was implemented in the United States in 2011, but senior residents continue to do 24-hour call. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education regulations require that residents on call be provided with "adequate sleep facilities" which are "safe, quiet, and private."
- Mess, a military term for the place where people eat or socialize
- Sheila K. Adam; Sue Osborne (2005). Critical Care Nursing. Oxford University Press. p. 23. ISBN 9780198525875.
- Sanghavi, Darshak (2011-08-05). "The Phantom Menace of Sleep-Deprived Doctors". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved Aug 31, 2014.
- "Living and Work Conditions". National Health Service. December 2000. HSC/2000/36.
- Anna Donald; Michael Stein; James T. H. Teo (2006). The Hands-on Guide for Junior Doctors. Blackwell Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 9781405136099.
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