Operation Sultan 10

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Operation Sultan 10
Part of Iran-Iraq War
Iraq map.png
Date 29 October 1980
Location Northern Iraq
Result Limited Iranian victory
Belligerents
 Iran
Iranian Air Force
 Iraq
IQAF Symbol.svg Iraqi Air Force
Strength
6 F-4 fighters,
2 F-14 fighters
3 Airtankers
4 Mig-23 fighters
Casualties and losses
No Casualties 4 Mig-23,
2 Mig-21 fighters,
3 Mil Mi-8 helicopters(on ground)

Operation Sultan 10 (Persian: عملیات سلطان ١٠) is the name of an operation of the Iranian Air Force on 29 October 1980, the beginning of the first Persian Gulf War. In this operation six F-4E Phantom II from IRIAF's 32 and 33 Squadrons took part in an attack on the Al-Hurriah airbase near Mosul in Saddam Hussein's Iraq.

Motivation[edit]

in the last days of october 1980,commanders of First Military air base of iran in tehran received valid data which french engineers have been sent to iraq and numbers of Mirage F1 which iraqi Air Force bought from france hold at Al-Hurriah airbase near Mosul. This personnel of French Air Force was appointed to train iraqi pilots and technicians to use Mirage F1.

Operation[edit]

Operation was called sultan-10,meaning only 10 fighters supposed to cross the borders(Sultan 1 to 10). target was 180 miles inside iraq borders at Mosul. 8 Phantom(2 as reserve), 3 Tomcat(1 as reserve) and 3 boeing 707 tanker(1 as reserve) planed to operation. both of Tomcats fighters should have be beside tankers to protect them, because loss of tankers would cost loss of all 4 Phantom. if operational team crossed the iran's border right to the mosul they would engage to Air Defence bases which supplied with SAM-2, SAM-3, and SAM-6. Commanders ordered to doing it in radio silence and start the operation before dawn. just before get into iraq borders they refueled and used turkey sky to enter iraq. Tankers and Tomcats stayed in low altitude and waited for Phantoms return. During protecting tankers one of Tomcats radars was always off to reduce recognition Possibilities by iraq.

Meanwhile attack team bombed the mosul and was on there way to iran. because of using max Capacity of Air-to-surface missiles,None of Phantoms had Air-to-air missile.

by advantage of AN/AWG-9, Tomcats noticed that 4 fighters are heading toward Phantoms at 40 miles. as far as Phantoms didn't have any missile to protect themselves, Sultan-7 (captain sedqi) and Sultan-8 (captain Tayebi) was ordered to protect them. they headed toward them and raised there altitude to 15000 ft. but they didn't noticed the existence of tomcats. so they raised to 20000 ft and again to 22000 ft.[1]

Sultan-7 missiles: 2 AIM-54, 2 AIM-9, 3 AIM-7

Sultan-8 missiles: 2 AIM-9, 6 AIM-7

at 45 miles to those 4 fighters tomcats recognized there as 4 Mig-23. sultan-7 ordered both tomcat to turn there ECCM on. but after a while his own system got spoiled and sultan-8 ECCM most have covered both aircraft. at 20 mile from four Mig-23, captain sedqi said to his co-pilot to Prepare two AIM-54. First missile launched and 8 second later the second Pheonix launched. First missile Destroyed aircraft at the same time of hit. the second one seemed to not hit it, but co-pilot said it paralyzed the plane and Sultan-8 Confirmed it along this report that warhead of Pheonix exploded earlier or later that it's supposed to. iraqi fighters now noticed the danger and reduced there altitude which iranian pilots said that it was the same mistake that made there work easier. in only 7 mile to 2 mig-23, it supposed to Sultan-7 and 8 launch there missiles together but it revealed the csd system of Sultan-8 is not working which without csd he couldn't use its missiles and only could use the M61 Vulcan. captain sedqi(sultan-7) told sultan-8 that stay side the sultan-9 and sultan-10 and wait until he back. sedqi turned the Afterburner on and the two mig-23 splitted up which leader went to right and the follower went to left. sedqi chased the leader and released first AIM-7 which hit the tail and seconds later on of wings detached and it leaped toward the ground. suddenly co-pilot said "there is a Mig-23 behind us". sedqi shut the Afterburner off and reduced the speed to 150 miles and took the nose cone down, toward the Mig-23 that was passing through his bottom and shot the second AIM-7 which hit the tail and Mig-23 went down, but it's pilot ejected and was the only pilot who survived. one of killed pilots was Ahmad Sabah, who took down 2 Northrop F-5 of IRAF in early days of war.[2]

References[edit]