Orchard, Iowa

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Orchard, Iowa
City
Orchard, Iowa, 2008
Orchard, Iowa, 2008
Location of Orchard, Iowa
Location of Orchard, Iowa
Coordinates: 43°13′37″N 92°46′28″W / 43.22694°N 92.77444°W / 43.22694; -92.77444Coordinates: 43°13′37″N 92°46′28″W / 43.22694°N 92.77444°W / 43.22694; -92.77444
Country United States
State Iowa
County Mitchell
Area[1]
 • Total 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
 • Land 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,102 ft (336 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 71
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 71
 • Density 788.9/sq mi (304.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50460
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-59520
GNIS feature ID 0459886

Orchard is a city in Mitchell County, Iowa, United States. The population was 71 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Orchard had its start in the year 1869 by the building of the Illinois Central Railroad through that territory. It was named for Moses Orchard, a pioneer settler.[4]

Lithograph City[edit]

The ghost town of Lithograph City, about 2 miles southwest of Orchard, was founded in the early 1900s adjacent to quarries that produced lithographic limestone. Production in these quarries peaked during World War I when access to German lithographic limestone was cut off. In 1915, Lithograph City had 15 houses, a hotel, a dance hall and a museum. After the war, use of stone blocks in lithography declined, the city was renamed Devonia, and by 1938, no trace of the town remained.[5]

Geography[edit]

Orchard is located at 43°13′37″N 92°46′28″W / 43.22694°N 92.77444°W / 43.22694; -92.77444 (43.226995, -92.774567).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1920 124 —    
1930 158 +27.4%
1940 126 −20.3%
1950 114 −9.5%
1960 116 +1.8%
1970 115 −0.9%
1980 95 −17.4%
1990 93 −2.1%
2000 88 −5.4%
2010 71 −19.3%
1880 133 +87.3%
2014 70 −47.4%
2015 70 +0.0%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 71 people, 30 households, and 18 families residing in the city. The population density was 788.9 inhabitants per square mile (304.6/km2). There were 33 housing units at an average density of 366.7 per square mile (141.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 1.4% African American, and 2.8% Native American.

There were 30 households of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 42.2 years. 21.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 29.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 88 people, 33 households, and 23 families residing in the city. The population density was 994.7 people per square mile (377.5/km²). There were 35 housing units at an average density of 395.6 per square mile (150.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 33 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,583, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $22,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,148. There were 22.2% of families and 25.3% of the population living below the poverty line, including 25.0% of under eighteens and 38.1% of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Clyde, Jefferson F. (1918). History of Mitchell and Worth Counties, Iowa, Volume 1. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 172. 
  5. ^ Bill J. Bunker, Lithograph City web page of the Iowa Geological Survey.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.