Order of Solomon

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Imperial Order of Solomon
Award of Ethiopian Empire
Type Order presented to heads of state
Royal house House of Solomon
Religious affiliation Ethiopian Orthodox
Sovereign Emperor of Ethiopia
Grades Knight Grand Collar
Statistics
Established 1922 as a special class of Order of the Seal of Solomon
1930 as a separate order
Precedence
Next (lower) Imperial Order of the Seal of Solomon
ETH Order of Solomon BAR.png
Ribband of the order

The Order of the Seal of Solomon was an order of knighthood of the Ethiopian Empire founded in 1874. A special class Collar was created by Empress Zauditu in 1922. It was split off and created as an the independent Seal of Solomon with the single class of Collar by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1930.

The Collar of the Order of Solomon is reserved for the Emperor and Empress, members of the Imperial Family, Foreign Sovereigns, and a maximum of three ordinary recipients who have rendered exceptionally meritorious services . Recipients were entitled to wear special ceremonial robes on "collar days".

The Solomonic dynasty, the ancient Imperial House of Ethiopia, claims descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, said to have given birth to King Menelik I after her visit to Solomon in Jerusalem.[1]

As the Empire's principal Order, it featured first in the long list of knightly titles of the last ruling Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, described as –

The Lion of Judah Hath Prevailed (or "[by the] Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah");

His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I, King of Kings of Ethiopia, Conquering Lion of Judah, Elect of God, Grand Cordon of the Order of Solomon, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Solomon, Knight of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George...[2]

.

Recipients[edit]

Recipients include Queen Elizabeth II, Dwight D. Eisenhower, King Haakon VII and King Olav V of Norway, the Emperor Akihito of Japan, and the Emperor Amha Selassie, last titular Emperor of Ethiopia.

Insignia[edit]

When the Emperor Yohannes IV awarded the Order to Admiral Sir William Hewett, c. 1884, it was described as "a gold triangular medal with six precious stones".[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1 Kings 10:1-10
  2. ^ Ras Nathaniel, 50th Anniversary of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie (Trafford Publishing, 2004, ISBN 1-4120-3702-6) p. 5 at books.google.com
  3. ^ Transafrican Journal of History (Makerere University Dept. of History, University of Nairobi Dept. of History, Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam Dept. of History East African Pub. House, 1986) p. 140