||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2012)|
OR&N 197 at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center in 2013
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Baldwin Locomotive Works|
|Build date||May 1905|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Driver diameter||77 in (1,956 mm)|
|Length||79 ft (24.08 m)|
|Weight on drivers||142,740 lb (64.7 tonnes)|
|Locomotive weight||241,180 lb (109.4 tonnes)|
|Fuel capacity||2,940 US gal (11,100 l; 2,450 imp gal)|
|Water capacity||9,000 US gal (34,000 l; 7,500 imp gal)|
|Boiler pressure||200 lbf/in2 (1.38 MPa)|
|Cylinder size||Originally: 17 in × 28 in (432 mm × 711 mm) and 28 in × 28 in (711 mm × 711 mm),
As rebuilt: 22 in × 28 in (559 mm × 711 mm) from 1923
|Tractive effort||29,920 lbf (133,100 N)|
|Operator(s)||Oregon Railroad & Navigation Co.,
Oregon-Washington Railroad & Navigation Co.,
Union Pacific Railroad
|Number in class||4|
|Number(s)||197 then 3203|
|Current owner||City of Portland, Oregon|
|Disposition||under restoration at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center, in Portland, Oregon|
Oregon Railroad & Navigation Co. 197 is a 4-6-2 Pacific type steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1905 for the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company (OR&N). It has been owned by the City of Portland since 1958, and since mid-2012 it resides at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center, where it can be viewed by the public.
OR&N 197 was built in 1905 for pulling passenger trains on E.H. Harriman's Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company, a subsidiary to the Union Pacific Railroad in Oregon. It arrived from the builders just in time to celebrate the 1905 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition. It continued to serve for Portland, Oregon, when in 1923, it was given heavy modifications, a new vanderbilt-type tender, and renumbered 3203; at that time it was owned by Union Pacific. The Union Pacific used the locomotive until its retirement sometime in the 1950s, when UP donated the locomotive to the City of Portland, Oregon. It was placed on display near Oaks Amusement Park, where it was soon joined by the larger and more powerful 4-8-4 type locomotives Southern Pacific 4449 and Spokane, Portland and Seattle 700.
In 1975, the SP 4449 was pulled out of the park to be restored to pull the American Freedom Train which would travel across the country during the United States Bicentennial. In 1990, SP&S 700 left the park to begin a restoration of its own, leaving the 197 the last engine in the park. Due to a parking lot expansion, the 197 was moved a short distance from its original 1950s resting place at Oaks Park. Otherwise, it sat almost forgotten until late 1995, when a small group of individuals banded together to consider returning the locomotive to operation.
It took several months of negotiations and several more months of mechanical work to prepare the engine for movement, but by early February 1996 the 197 was almost ready to move for the first time in nearly 40 years. On February 10, 1996, it was finally removed from Oaks Park. It was then moved to the Brooklyn Roundhouse, where it once again joined SP 4449 and SP&S 700 to begin restoration. That day just happened to coincide with the height of severe flooding in the Portland area after a series of winter storms. The Willamette River was lapping at the embankment where the engine sat. The East Portland Traction Co. (now Oregon Pacific Railroad), owner of the nearby railroad right-of-way, had to clear several mudslides the preceding day, but the engine was moved without incident. The 197 was taken to the Southern Pacific (now Union Pacific) Brooklyn Roundhouse in southeast Portland, where it once again sat alongside the SP 4449 and SP&S 700.
As of 2008, the restoration was about half complete and was expected to be completed by 2012.[dated info] It is being carried out by the all-volunteer "Friends of the OR&N 197".
Until 2012, OR&N 197 and Portland's other two steam locomotives were stored in the last remaining roundhouse in Portland, which was located in an active Union Pacific freight yard, the Brooklyn yard. After UP announced plans to close the Brooklyn Roundhouse, in order to expand the freight yard to facilitate increasing intermodal traffic, the non-profit Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation was formed to develop plans, and raise funds, to build a permanent home and restoration facility for Portland's three steam locomotives. Construction of the Oregon Rail Heritage Center (ORHC) began in October 2011. On June 26, 2012, Brooklyn Roundhouse ceased operations with three steam locomotives moving to the new site, and in early September the shelter was torn down and the turntable was removed. The ORHC opened to the public on September 22, 2012.
- Friends of the OR&N 197 website
- Siemers, Erik (March 25, 2011). "Oregon Rail Heritage group gets more funding for historic-trains center". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- Beaven, Steve (October 21, 2011). "Commissioner Nick Fish breaks ground for Enginehouse & Rail Heritage Center in Southeast Portland". The Oregonian. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- Redden, Jim (July 11, 2012 (print edition July 12, 2012)). "Rail history center: full steam ahead". Portland Tribune. p. A10. Retrieved September 29, 2012. Check date values in:
- Tims, Dana (September 20, 2012 (print edition September 21)). "Oregon Rail Heritage Center ready for grand opening Saturday, Sunday". The Oregonian. p. B1. Retrieved September 29, 2012. Check date values in:
Media related to Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co. 197 at Wikimedia Commons