Oregon Railroad and Navigation 197

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Oregon Railroad & Navigation 197
OR&N 197 inside the ORHC, January 2013.jpg
OR&N 197 at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center in 2013
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderBaldwin Locomotive Works
Serial number25717
Build dateMay 1905
 • Whyte4-6-2
 • UIC2′C1′
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia.77 in (1,956 mm)
Length79 ft (24.08 m)
Adhesive weight142,740 lb (64.7 tonnes)
Loco weight241,180 lb (109.4 tonnes)
Fuel typeOil
Fuel capacity2,940 US gal (11,100 l; 2,450 imp gal)
Water cap9,000 US gal (34,000 l; 7,500 imp gal)
Boiler pressure200 lbf/in2 (1.38 MPa)
Cylinder sizeOriginally: 17 in × 28 in (432 mm × 711 mm) and 28 in × 28 in (711 mm × 711 mm),
As rebuilt: 22 in × 28 in (559 mm × 711 mm) from 1923
Performance figures
Tractive effort29,920 lbf (133,100 N)
Factor of adh.4.77
OperatorsOregon Railroad & Navigation Co.,
Oregon-Washington Railroad & Navigation Co.,
Union Pacific Railroad
ClassUP: P-2
Number in class4
Numbers197 then 3203
First run1905
Current ownerCity of Portland, Oregon
DispositionUnder restoration at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center, in Portland, Oregon

Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co. 197 is a 4-6-2 Pacific type steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1905 for the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company (OR&N). It has been owned by the City of Portland since 1958,[1] and since mid-2012 it resides at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center, where it can be viewed by the public.


OR&N 197 was built in 1905 for pulling passenger trains on E.H. Harriman's Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company, a subsidiary to the Union Pacific Railroad in Oregon. It arrived from the builders just in time to celebrate the 1905 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition. It continued to serve for Portland, Oregon, when in 1923, it was given heavy modifications, a new vanderbilt-type tender, and renumbered Union Pacific 3203; at that time it was owned by Union Pacific. The Union Pacific used the locomotive until its retirement in January 1958, when UP donated the locomotive to the City of Portland, Oregon. It was placed on display near Oaks Amusement Park, where it was soon joined by the larger and more powerful 4-8-4 type locomotives Southern Pacific 4449 and Spokane, Portland and Seattle 700.

The locomotive can be briefly seen in the 1993 movie Free Willy, while it was still on display near Oaks Amusement Park.


In 1975, the SP 4449 was pulled out of the park to be restored to pull the American Freedom Train which would travel across the country during the United States Bicentennial. In 1987, SP&S 700 left the park to begin a restoration of its own, leaving the 197 the last engine in the park. Due to a parking lot expansion, the 197 was moved a short distance from its original 1950s resting place at Oaks Park. Otherwise, it sat almost forgotten until late 1995, when a small group of individuals banded together to consider returning the locomotive to operation.

It took several months of negotiations and several more months of mechanical work to prepare the engine for movement, but by early February 1996 the 197 was almost ready to move for the first time in nearly 40 years. On February 10, 1996, it was finally removed from Oaks Park. It was then moved to the Southern Pacific (now Union Pacific) Brooklyn Roundhouse, where it once again joined SP 4449 and SP&S 700 to begin restoration. That day just happened to coincide with the height of severe flooding in the Portland area after a series of winter storms. The Willamette River was lapping at the embankment where the engine sat. The East Portland Traction Co. (now Oregon Pacific Railroad), owner of the nearby railroad right-of-way, had to clear several mudslides the preceding day, but the engine was moved without incident.

As of 2008, the restoration was about half complete and was expected to be completed by 2012.[needs update] It is being carried out by the all-volunteer "Friends of the OR&N 197".


Side view of OR&N 197 outside the Oregon Rail Heritage Center before construction of the center was completed

Until 2012, OR&N 197 and Portland's other two steam locomotives were stored in the last remaining roundhouse in Portland, which was located in an active Union Pacific freight yard, the Brooklyn yard. After UP announced plans to close the Brooklyn Roundhouse, in order to expand the freight yard to facilitate increasing intermodal traffic, the non-profit Oregon Rail Heritage Foundation was formed to develop plans, and raise funds, to build a permanent home and restoration facility for Portland's three steam locomotives. Construction of the Oregon Rail Heritage Center (ORHC) began in October 2011.[2] On June 26, 2012, Brooklyn Roundhouse ceased operations with three steam locomotives moving to the new site, and in early September the shelter was torn down and the turntable was removed.[3] The ORHC opened to the public on September 22, 2012.[4]


  1. ^ Siemers, Erik (March 25, 2011). "Oregon Rail Heritage group gets more funding for historic-trains center". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
  2. ^ Beaven, Steve (October 21, 2011). "Commissioner Nick Fish breaks ground for Enginehouse & Rail Heritage Center in Southeast Portland". The Oregonian. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
  3. ^ Redden, Jim (July 12, 2012). "Rail history center: full steam ahead". Portland Tribune. p. A10. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  4. ^ Tims, Dana (September 21, 2012) [published online September 20]. "Oregon Rail Heritage Center ready for grand opening Saturday, Sunday". The Oregonian. p. B1. Retrieved September 1, 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co. 197 at Wikimedia Commons