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Hip-joint, front view.
The Ortolani test is part of the physical examination for developmental dysplasia of the hip, along with the Barlow maneuver. Specifically, this tests for posterior dislocation of the hip. This is part of the standard infant exam performed preferably in early infancy.
The Ortolani test is performed with the Barlow maneuver and inspection of the hip joint and legs. It relocates the dislocation of the hip joint that has just been elicited by the Barlow maneuver.
The Ortolani test is performed by an examiner first flexing the hips and knees of a supine infant to 90°, then with the examiner's index fingers placing anterior pressure on the greater trochanters, gently and smoothly abducting the infant's legs using the examiner's thumbs.
- "Screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip: recommendation statement". Pediatrics. 117 (3): 898–902. March 2006. doi:10.1542/peds.2005-1995. PMID 16510673.
- Dwyer NS (June 1987). "Congenital dislocation of the hip: to screen or not to screen". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 62 (6): 635–7. doi:10.1136/adc.62.6.635. PMC . PMID 3619484.
- Storer SK, Skaggs DL (October 2006). "Developmental dysplasia of the hip". American Family Physician. 74 (8): 1310–6. PMID 17087424.
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