Oskar Danon

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Oskar Danon in 1961 during practice with the Maribor Symphony Orchestra in Maribor

Oskar Danon (7 February 1913 – 18 December 2009)[1] was a Yugoslav composer and conductor.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Oskar Danon, a Bosnian Jew, was born in 1913 in Sarajevo, then in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (modern Bosnia and Herzegovina). He studied music in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Prague, Czechoslovakia, where he obtained his Ph.D. in musicology.

Performance career[edit]

He worked as a conductor in Sarajevo, and after World War II became conductor and director of the Belgrade Opera (1944–1965) and the chief conductor of the Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra (1970–1974). He was also a conductor of the Belgrade Philharmonic Orchestra. With these orchestras he performed both in Yugoslavia and abroad (Paris, Wiesbaden, Florence, etc.).

In 1955, as part of a Russian complete opera recording project with Decca and the Belgrade National Opera, he conducted Prince Igor, Eugene Onegin and A Life for the Tsar in the Dome of Culture.[3] With the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London he recorded works by Smetana, Enescu, Dvořák, Rimsky-Korsakov, Prokofiev, Stravinsky and Saint-Saëns for Reader's Digest in 1962-63, and in 1963 Die Fledermaus in German and English for RCA in Vienna with Adele Leigh, Anneliese Rothenberger, Risë Stevens, Sándor Kónya, Eberhard Waechter and George London,[3] as well as recording for Supraphon in Czechoslovakia: Scheherazade, Orpheus, Pulcinella and the Franck symphony.

His Vienna State Opera debut in 1964 was the The Gambler, in a production from Belgrade, followed over the years by Don Quichotte (Massenet), The Miraculous Mandarin (Bartók), Tannhäuser with Gottlob Frick, Wolfgang Windgassen, Eberhard Waechter, Christa Ludwig and Gundula Janowitz, Carmen, La traviata, Aida, The Flying Dutchman, Rigoletto, Madama Butterfly and Otello.

For the Verdi Theatre in Trieste he conducted Boris Godunov, The Golden Cockerel and Countess Maritza.

Teaching career[edit]

Oskar Danon was professor at the Belgrade Music Academy.

Awards and honors[edit]

Danon was awarded the October Award of the City of Belgrade for his conducting activity, as well as the AVNOJ Award (1970).

Affiliations[edit]

Danon was a member and former president of the Association of Musical Artists of Serbia.

Death[edit]

He died in Belgrade, Serbia on 18 December 2009, aged 96.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Preminuo kompozitor i dirigent Oskar Danon, Politika, Retrieved on 18 December 2009
  2. ^ Munjin, Bojan (22 March 2007). "Ovo su društva bez vizije". Feral Tribune (in Croatian). Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Philip Stuart. Decca Classical, 1929-2009 (Discography) [1]. Accessed 12 November 2014.

References[edit]

  • Holmes, John L. Conductors on Record, Victor Gollancz, London 1982.
  • Kolar, Vladimir. Oskar Danon. Tonovi jednog vremena, Savez kompozitorajugoslavije, Beograd 1973.
  • Krleza, Miroslav. Leksikon Jugoslavenske Muzike, Jugoslavenski Leksikografski Zavod, Zagreb 1984.
  • Maksimović, M. (1971): Beogradska filharmonija 1951–1971, Beogradska filharmonija, Beograd
  • Mala enciklopedija Prosveta, I (1978), Prosveta, Beograd
  • Muzička enciklopedija, I (1971), Jugoslovenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb
  • Muzika i muzičari u NOB — Zbornik sećanja (1982), Grupa izdavača, Beograd
  • Pedeset godina Fakulteta muzičke umetnosti (Muzičke akademije) 1937–1987 (1988), Univerzitet umetnosti u Beogradu, Beograd
  • Pejović, R. (1986): Oskar Danon, Univerzitet umetnosti u Beogradu, Beograd
  • Peričić, V. [1969]: Muzički stvaraoci u Srbiji, Prosveta, Beograd
  • Sadie, Stanley. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Macmillan, London 1980.
  • Danon Oskar i Hribar Svjetlana "Ritmovi nemira",I. izdanje Sarajevska zima,Sarajevo 2005., II. izdanje Beogradska filharmonija, Beograd 2006. godine