Osvaldo Golijov

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Osvaldo Golijov
Birth name Osvaldo Noé Golijov
Born (1960-12-05)December 5, 1960
Mar del Plata, Argentina
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Composer
Website www.osvaldogolijov.com

Osvaldo Noé Golijov (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈɡolixof]) (born December 5, 1960) is an Argentinian composer of classical music and music professor, known for his vocal and orchestral work.

Life and career[edit]

Golijov was born in and grew up in La Plata, Argentina, in a Jewish family that emigrated to Argentina from Romania.[1] His mother was a piano teacher, and his father was a physician. He studied piano in La Plata and studied composition with Gerardo Gandini.

In 1983, Golijov moved to Israel, where he studied with Mark Kopytman at the Jerusalem Rubin Academy. Three years later, he studied with George Crumb at the University of Pennsylvania before receiving his doctorate. In 1991, Golijov joined the faculty of the College of the Holy Cross at Worcester, Massachusetts, where he was named Loyola Professor of Music in 2007.[2] For the 2012-13 season, he held the Richard and Barbara Debs Composer's Chair at Carnegie Hall. As of 2016 he lives in Brookline, Massachusetts.[3]

Golijov was married twice. He had three children with his first wife, Silvia.[4] He married architect and designer Neri Oxman in 2011.[5]

Golijov's music[edit]

Golijov grew up listening to chamber music, Jewish liturgical and klezmer music, and the tango of Ástor Piazzolla.[6] His Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind was inspired by the writings and teachings of Rabbi Yitzhak Saggi Nehor.[7]

In 1996, his work Oceana was premiered at the Oregon Bach Festival. He composed La Pasión según San Marcos for the Passion 2000 project in commemoration of the 250th anniversary of the death of Johann Sebastian Bach.[8] In 2010, he composed Sidereus for a consortium of 35 American orchestras, to commemorate Galileo.[9]

Golijov had a long working relationship with soprano Dawn Upshaw, who he called his muse.[10][11] She premiered some of his works, often written specifically for her. These included Three Songs for Soprano and Orchestra, and his popular opera, Ainadamar, which premiered at Tanglewood in 2003.

Starting in 2000, Golijov composed movie soundtracks for documentaries and other films, including The Man Who Cried, Youth Without Youth, Tetro and Twixt. He also composed and arranged chamber music, including for the Kronos Quartet and the St. Lawrence String Quartet.

Deadline and plagiarism controversies[edit]

Golijov faced several controversies around his work, including missed deadlines and accusations of plagiarism. He came under scrutiny in 2011 for a series of high-profile commissions that were either delayed or cancelled. A violin concerto written for the Los Angeles Philharmonic was not completed in time, Golijov missed a second deadline the following year in Berlin,[12] and a third delay followed in November 2012, and missed its January 2013 premiere at Disney Hall.[13]

This followed a similar cancellation in 2010, when a scheduled song cycle had to be removed from the program when it was not complete in time.[14] The March 2011 premiere of a new string quartet for the St. Lawrence Quartet was also delayed due to a missed deadline,[15] though the work, Qohelet, was completed later that year and premiered by the quartet in October 2011.

Golijov received a commission from the Metropolitan Opera for an opera that was to be performed in 2018; however in 2017, this was cancelled for lack of progress.[16][17]

Questions of musical plagiarism were leveled at Golijov after Tom Manoff, a composer and critic, and Brian McWhorter, a trumpeter, alleged that Sidereus consisted mainly of music from the Michael Ward-Bergeman composition Barbeich. Alex Ross of The New Yorker reviewed both scores and wrote, "To put it bluntly, 'Sidereus' is 'Barbeich' with additional material attached". Ross added that Ward-Bergeman was aware of Golijov's borrowings.[18] A consortium of thirty-five orchestras had paid Golijov $75,000 to write a 20-minute work; a fee supplemented by a $50,000 grant approved by the then board of the League of American Orchestras.[19] The final work that Golijov produced and gave to the consortium of orchestras was a 9-minute work. Golijov also used that same musical material in his 2009 composition Radio.[20]

Golijov responded to these questions by explaining that he composed the original musical material jointly with Ward-Bergeman for a film score which in the end did not include the material, and that he used it by agreement with Ward-Bergeman, who did not comment publicly on the matter. Golijov cited Monteverdi, Schubert and Mahler as other composers who used existing musical material to create new music.[21]

Works[edit]

Some of Golijov's notable works include:[22]

  • Yiddishbbuk (1992), for string quartet.[23]
  • The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind (1994), for klezmer clarinet and string quartet (and later for clarinet and string orchestra)
  • Oceana (1996), cantata for soloist, boys choir, chorus, electric guitars, and reduced orchestra (strings, flutes, and percussion).[24][25]
  • La Pasión según San Marcos (St. Mark's Passion) (2000)[26][27]
  • Three Songs for Soprano and Orchestra (2001). Lúa Descolorida from this set was later repurposed as the 'Peter's Tears' Aria in La Pasión según San Marcos.[28]
  • Ainadamar (2003): Golijov's first opera, libretto by David Henry Hwang.[29]
  • Ayre (2004): a song cycle for soprano and ensemble, premiered by Upshaw and The Andalucian Dogs.[30]
  • Azul (2006), for cello and orchestra, premiered by Yo-Yo Ma at Tanglewood.[31][32]
  • She Was Here (2008), an orchestration of four songs by Schubert, premiered by the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra.[33]
  • Siderius (2010), for orchestra, commissioned by a consortium of 35 orchestras.[34]

Awards and appointments[edit]

Awards

Appointments

Selected discography[edit]

Film soundtracks

Voice, chamber music and orchestral

  • Yiddishbbuk (EMI Classics 57356-2) - nominated for a 2003 Grammy for Best Chamber Music Performance
  • Oceana (Deutsche Grammophon, 2007)
  • Ayre (Deutsche Grammophon CD 00289 477 5414) - nominated for a 2006 Grammy for Best Classical Contemporary Composition
  • Ainadamar (Dawn Upshaw, Robert Spano, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra) (Deutsche Grammophon) - two 2007 Grammy Awards, for Recording and for Composition
  • La Pasión según San Marcos The Passion according to St. Mark (live & studio) (Deutsche Grammophon B0014008-00)
  • The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind performed by the Kronos Quartet (Nonesuch 79444)
  • Voices of Light, Lúa Descolorida sung by soprano Dawn Upshaw (Nonesuch 79812)
  • Night Prayers, K'vakarat on recording of the Kronos Quartet (Nonesuch 79346)
  • Caravan arrangements for the Kronos Quartet (Nonesuch 79490)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Terauds, John (2010-02-25). "Argentine composer Osvaldo Golijov follows his intuition". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  2. ^ "Osvaldo Golijov Named Loyola Professor of Music at Holy Cross". Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  3. ^ Lovett, Laura. "An exploration of sound and sense: Brookline composer Osvaldo Golijov". Brookline TAB. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  4. ^ Beggy, Carol; Shanahan, Mark (2006-10-27). "Newton composer bowls over Bowie". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2006-12-03. 
  5. ^ "Neri Oxman Is Redesigning the Natural World". Surface Magazine. June 6, 2016. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  6. ^ http://www.laphil.com/philpedia/music/three-songs-for-soprano-and-orchestra-osvaldo-golijov
  7. ^ "Golijov's Yiddishbbuk". ClassicsToday.com. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Osvaldo Golijov's 'St. Mark' Passion finally reaches Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. 25 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Horsley, Paul. "HOMAGE TO HENRY: Orchestras, League commission top composer to honor visionary leader". Kansas City Independent. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  10. ^ Daniel J Wakin (Spring 2013). "Joyful Noise". College of the Holy Cross Magazine. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Schweitzer, Vivien (17 April 2007). "Singers and Composers in a Stylistic Mix and Match". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Osvaldo Golijov Violin Concerto delayed again". The Strad. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2014-12-25. 
  13. ^ Ng, David (29 November 2012). "Osvaldo Golijov misses yet another deadline for violin concerto". Los Angeles Times. 
  14. ^ "Los Angeles Philharmonic hit by Wave of Cancellations by Artists". Los Angeles Times. 2011-03-14. Retrieved 2011-03-15. 
  15. ^ Kozinn, Allan (2011-03-09). "St. Lawrence String Quartet At Zankel Hall Review". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-03-15. 
  16. ^ Midgette, Anne; Midgette, Anne (2013-10-16). "Developing new operas is an art in itself". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  17. ^ Midgette, Anne; Midgette, Anne (2016-11-30). "Et tu, Golijov? The Met's bumpy road with new opera". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  18. ^ Alex Ross (2012-02-21). "The Golijov Issue: Borrowed Music, or Stolen?". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-12-25. 
  19. ^ Daniel J Wakin (2012-03-07). "Musical Borrowing Under Scrutiny". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-25. 
  20. ^ David MacDonald on the affair
  21. ^ Weininger, David (2012-03-16). "Longwood gets its turn with 'Sidereus'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  22. ^ Osvaldo Golijov. "Golijov's published list of his own compositions". osvaldogolijov.com. Retrieved 2015-10-16. 
  23. ^ "Golijov's Yiddishbbuk". ClassicsToday.com. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  24. ^ World Music Central
  25. ^ "Osvaldo Golijov - Oceana". www.boosey.com. Retrieved 2017-03-16. 
  26. ^ "Osvaldo Golijov's 'St. Mark' Passion finally reaches Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. 25 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  27. ^ Kozinn, Allan (20 August 2007). September 2013 "La Pasión según San Marcos; A Work Unbounded By Musical Categories" Check |url= value (help). The New York Times. p. 1. 
  28. ^ LA Philharmonic notes
  29. ^ Laura Barnett (2008-04-02). "'I love it when music brings people to blows'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-12-25. 
  30. ^ Kozinn, Allan (6 February 2006). "CLASSICAL MUSIC REVIEW; Skipping Across the Globe and Through Time". The New York Times. p. 4. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  31. ^ Smith, Steve (31 July 2007). "Concerto Retinkered (for Youthful Soloist)". The New York Times. p. 3. 
  32. ^ Wakin, Daniel J. (23 January 2013). "Philharmonic Steals a Page From the Art World With a New-Music Biennial". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  33. ^ Carr, David (19 March 2008). "Anthony Minghella, 54, Director, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  34. ^ Alex Ross (2012-02-21). "The Golijov Issue: Borrowed Music, or Stolen?". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-12-25. 
  35. ^ "New Music News Wire". NewMusicBox. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  36. ^ Crebo, Anna (2002-11-01). "Osvaldo Golijov: A busy composer finds it all a little 'scary.'". American Record Guide. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 

External links[edit]