|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (April 2016)|
In public policy, outrage factor is a term that describes public opposition to a policy that is not based on the knowledge of the technical details.
"Outrage factors" are the emotional factors that influence perception of risk. The risks that are considered involuntary, industrial and unfair are often given more weight than factors that are thought of as voluntary, natural and fair.
Sandman gives the formula:
Risk = Hazard + Outrage
While policy analysis by institutional stakeholders typically focuses on risk-benefit analysis and cost-benefit analysis, popular risk perception is not informed by the same concerns. The successful implementation of a policy relying on public support and cooperation must address the outrage factor when informing the public about the policy.
In an interview with New York Times journalist and Freakonomics author Stephen J. Dubner, Sandman emphasized "the most important truth in risk communication is the exceedingly low correlation between whether a risk is dangerous, and whether it’s upsetting."
As of February 2012, Responding to Community Outrage was online under a Creative Commons license, and may be freely accessed and downloaded on Sandman's website.
Around the year 2000, Sandman worked together with a small Australian risk consultancy called Qest Consulting to release 'OUTRAGE' software. It was meant to help organizations fearing stakeholder outrage to avoid getting into trouble. It is now available as freeware.
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- Stephen J. Dubner (2011-11-29). "Risk = Hazard + Outrage: A Conversation with Risk Consultant Peter Sandman".
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- "Peter Sandman: OUTRAGE Prediction and Management Software". www.psandman.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.