Oxycarenus hyalinipennis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Oxycarenus hyalinipennis
JBrambila O-hyalinipennis.jpg
Adult
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Heteroptera
Infraorder: Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily: Lygaeoidea
Family: Lygaeidae
Subfamily: Oxycareninae
Genus: Oxycarenus
Species: O. hyalinipennis
Binomial name
Oxycarenus hyalinipennis
(Costa 1843)
Synonyms
  • Aphanus hyalinipennis Costa
  • Aphanus tardus var. hyalipennis Costa 1847
  • Cymus cincticornis Walker 1870
  • Oxycarenus cruralis Stål 1856
  • Oxycarenus leucopterus Fieber 1852

Oxycarenus hyalinipennis, common name cotton seed bug, is a species of plant bug belonging to the family Lygaeidae, subfamily Oxycareninae.[1]

Distribution[edit]

This widespread species can be found in Southern Europe (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, former Yugoslavia and Albania), in the Afrotropical realm, in the Neotropical ecozone and in the Oriental ecozone.[2]

While historically it has been documented as an important pest of cotton in the Mediterranean region and in coastal Africa,[3] it is an invasive species whose range has expanded over the last three decades to include islands of the Caribbean region.[4]

Description[edit]

Mating couple

Oxycarenus hyalinipennis can reach a length of about 3.8 mm in males, of 4.3 mm in females. Therefore males are slightly smaller than females. Body of these bugs is black with translucent wings. Head is black, with brownish-black antennae. The second antennal segment usually is partially pale yellow. Pronotum is blackish-brown. Corium is usually yellowish-whitish and hyaline. Femora are black, while tibiae are brown with a yellow-white band.[5]

Nymphs have pink to red abdomen.[6]

Biology[edit]

This species may have three to four generations per year. Females of these bugs lay about twenty eggs. This species goes through five nymphal stages. A generation lasts about twenty days.[5][6]

It is a polyphagous insect, and it has been documented as a prominent pest upon the following genera within family Malvaceae: Abutilon, Cola, Eriodendron, Gossypium, Malva, Sphaeralcea, Hibiscus, Pavonia, Sida, Dombeya, Sterculia and Triumfetta.[5][1][7] Of these, Gossypium appears to be the preferred host,[3][8] but significant pest presence on okra has also been reported.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Samy, O. 1969. A revision of the African species of Oxycarenus (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 121(4): 79 – 165. link
  2. ^ Fauna europaea
  3. ^ a b Adu-Mensah, K and Kumar, R. 1977. Ecology of Oxycarenus species (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) in southern Ghana. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 9(4): 349 – 377.
  4. ^ Baranowski, RM; and J.A. Slater. 2005. The Lygaeidae of the West Indies. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Florida Agricultural Experimental Station Bulletin 402. 266 pp.
  5. ^ a b c USDA - New Pest Response - Cotton Seed Bug
  6. ^ a b USDA - Pest Alert
  7. ^ Dimetry, N. Z. (1971). Studies on the host preference of the cotton seed bug Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (Costa) (Lygaeidae: Hemiptera). Z. Ang. Ent. 68:63-67.
  8. ^ Kirkpatrick, TW. 1923. The Egyptian cotton seed bug Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (Costa). Its Bionomics, damage and suggestions for remedial measures. Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt, Technical and Scientific Service. 35: 107 pp.
  9. ^ Holtz, T. (2006). Qualitative analysis of potential consequences associated with the introduction of the cottonseed bug (Oxycarenus hyalinipennis) into the United States. USDAAPHIS publication, 2006.

External links[edit]