Płońsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Płońsk
St Michael's Church
St Michael's Church
Flag of Płońsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Płońsk
Coat of arms
Płońsk is located in Poland
Płońsk
Płońsk
Coordinates: 52°38′N 20°23′E / 52.633°N 20.383°E / 52.633; 20.383
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Płońsk County
Gmina Płońsk (urban gmina)
Established 11th century
Town rights 1400
Government
 • Mayor Andrzej Józef Pietrasik
Area
 • Total 11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi)
Population (2010-06-30)
 • Total 22,500
 • Density 1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 09-100
Area code(s) +48 023
Car plates WPN
Website http://www.plonsk.pl

Płońsk [pwɔɲsk] (Yiddish: פּלאָנסק [Plonsk]‎) is a town in north-central Poland with 22,500 inhabitants (2010).[1] It is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999) at the river Płonka; previously, it was in Ciechanów Voivodeship (1975–98).

History[edit]

Płońsk gained city rights from the prince Siemowit IV of Masovia some time between 1399 and 1412. In the early twentieth century, the population of 10,000 was equally divided between Poles and Jews. The Jews lived mostly within the city, whilst the Poles were more scattered and tended to live in the countryside. Many of the Jewish residents of Plonsk immigrated to pre-state Israel for Zionist reasons, spurred on by the idea of building a Jewish homeland.[2] In September 1940, Jews from the town and the surrounding areas were imprisoned in a ghetto in harsh conditions. Some of them suffering a typhus epidemic. In total, 12 000 Jews were prisoners and from October 1942, they were sent to Auschwitz extermination camp. A resident who returned to the city in 1962 found that the major synagogue, three Jewish schools and the Jewish cemetery had been destroyed and demolished.[3]

Landmarks[edit]

The church and the old monastery of Calced Carmelites were founded before 1417 by the prince Siemowit IV of Masovia and his wife Aleksandra, Jogaila's sister.

Sports and culture[edit]

The Memoriał Andrzeja Trochanowskiego one-day cycling race is based in Płońsk. The race takes place annually on May 1. It is home to a yearly open theatre festival (held in the summer).

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division. As of June 30, 2010" (PDF). Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 2010-12-18. 
  2. ^ Memoirs: David Ben-Gurion (1970), p. 36
  3. ^ Ben-Gurion: Father of Modern Israel, Anita Shapira

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°38′N 20°23′E / 52.633°N 20.383°E / 52.633; 20.383