Płońsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Płońsk
Town center
Town center
Flag of Płońsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Płońsk
Coat of arms
Płońsk is located in Poland
Płońsk
Płońsk
Coordinates: 52°38′N 20°23′E / 52.633°N 20.383°E / 52.633; 20.383
Country Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyPłońsk County
GminaPłońsk (urban gmina)
Established11th century
Town rights1400
Government
 • MayorAndrzej Józef Pietrasik
Area
 • Total11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2010-06-30)
 • Total22,500
 • Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
09-100
Area code(s)+48 023
Car platesWPN
Websitehttp://www.plonsk.pl

Płońsk (Polish: [pwɔj̃sk] (About this soundlisten); Yiddish: פּלאָנסק‎, romanizedPlonsk; German: Plöhnen) is a town in north-central Poland with 22,500 inhabitants (2010).[1] It is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999) at the river Płonka; previously, it was in Ciechanów Voivodeship (1975–98). The city is noted for being the birthplace of Polish novelist and Nobel Prize laureate Henryk Sienkiewicz, as well as Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.

History[edit]

Dating back to 1155, is the first historical record confirming the existence of Płońsk. Around the castle a group of inhabitants was formed, most of whom initially worked on the land. In 1400, Siemowit IV of Mazovia, granted it town rights under Chełmno law, then merchants and craftsmen started to come to town. In the early twentieth century, the population of 10,000 was equally divided between Poles and Jews. The Jews lived mostly within the city, whilst the Poles were more scattered and tended to live in the countryside. Many of the Jewish residents of Płońsk immigrated to Palestine for Zionist reasons, spurred on by the idea of building a Jewish homeland.[2] In September 1940, Jews from the town and the surrounding areas were imprisoned in a ghetto. Soon a typhus epidemic broke out. A hospital, a bathhouse for the sick, a pharmacy, and a folk kitchen were organized in the ghetto [3]. In total, 12,000 Jews were prisoners of the ghetto and from October 1942, they were sent to Auschwitz extermination camp.

Landmarks[edit]

The church and the old monastery of Calced Carmelites were founded before 1417 by the prince Siemowit IV of Masovia and his wife Aleksandra, Jogaila's sister.

Sports and culture[edit]

The Memoriał Andrzeja Trochanowskiego one-day cycling race is based in Płońsk. The race takes place annually on May 1. It is home to a yearly open theatre festival (held in the summer).

In 2018, local Poles held a celebration in Ben-Gurion's honor for the 70th anniversary of the re-establishment of the State of Israel.[4]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division. As of June 30, 2010" (PDF). Central Statistical Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 15, 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  2. ^ Memoirs: David Ben-Gurion (1970), p. 36
  3. ^ https://sztetl.org.pl/pl/miejscowosci/p/595-plonsk/99-historia-spolecznosci/137855-historia-spolecznosci
  4. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Diaspora/Hundreds-of-locals-march-through-the-Polish-birthplace-of-Ben-Gurion-549966

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°38′N 20°23′E / 52.633°N 20.383°E / 52.633; 20.383