In polymerase mu mutant mice, hematopoietic cell development is defective in several peripheral and bone marrow cell populations with about a 40% decrease in bone marrow cell number that includes several hematopoietic lineages. Expansion potential of hematopoietic progenitor cells is also reduced. These characteristics correlate with reduced ability to repair double-strand breaks in hematopoietic tissue. Whole body gamma irradiation of polymerase mu mutant mice indicates that polymerase mu also has a role in double-strand break repair in other tissues unrelated to hematopoietic tissue. Thus polymerase mu has a significant role in maintaining genetic stability in hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic tissue.
^Daley JM, Laan RL, Suresh A, Wilson TE (August 2005). "DNA joint dependence of pol X family polymerase action in nonhomologous end joining". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (32): 29030–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.M505277200. PMID15964833.
^Nick McElhinny SA, Ramsden DA (August 2004). "Sibling rivalry: competition between Pol X family members in V(D)J recombination and general double strand break repair". Immunol. Rev. 200: 156–64. doi:10.1111/j.0105-2896.2004.00160.x. PMID15242403.
^Nick McElhinny SA, Havener JM, Garcia-Diaz M, et al. (August 2005). "A gradient of template dependence defines distinct biological roles for family X polymerases in nonhomologous end joining". Mol. Cell. 19 (3): 357–66. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2005.06.012. PMID16061182.
^Bertocci B, De Smet A, Berek C, Weill JC, Reynaud CA (August 2003). "Immunoglobulin kappa light chain gene rearrangement is impaired in mice deficient for DNA polymerase mu". Immunity. 19 (2): 203–11. doi:10.1016/S1074-7613(03)00203-6. PMID12932354.
^Bertocci B, De Smet A, Weill JC, Reynaud CA (July 2006). "Nonoverlapping functions of DNA polymerases mu, lambda, and terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase during immunoglobulin V(D)J recombination in vivo". Immunity. 25 (1): 31–41. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2006.04.013. PMID16860755.
^Lucas D, Escudero B, Ligos JM, Segovia JC, Estrada JC, Terrados G, Blanco L, Samper E, Bernad A. Altered hematopoiesis in mice lacking DNA polymerase mu is due to inefficient double-strand break repair. PLoS Genet. 2009 Feb;5(2):e1000389. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000389. PMID 19229323