This gene is a member of the paraoxonase family and lies in a cluster on chromosome 7 with the other two family members. The encoded protein is secreted into the bloodstream and associates with high-density lipoprotein (HDL). The protein also rapidly hydrolyzes lactones and can inhibit the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), a function that is believed to slow the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Alternatively spliced variants which encode different protein isoforms have been described; however, only one has been fully characterized.
^Primo-Parmo SL, Sorenson RC, Teiber J, La Du BN (May 1996). "The human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase gene (PON1) is one member of a multigene family". Genomics. 33 (3): 498–507. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0225. PMID8661009.
Primo-Parmo SL, Sorenson RC, Teiber J, La Du BN (1996). "The human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase gene (PON1) is one member of a multigene family.". Genomics. 33 (3): 498–507. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0225. PMID8661009.
La Du BN (2001). "Is paraoxonase-3 another hdl-associated protein protective against atherosclerosis?". Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 21 (4): 467–8. doi:10.1161/01.ATV.21.4.467. PMID11304457.
Reddy ST, Wadleigh DJ, Grijalva V, et al. (2001). "Human paraoxonase-3 is an HDL-associated enzyme with biological activity similar to paraoxonase-1 protein but is not regulated by oxidized lipids.". Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 21 (4): 542–7. doi:10.1161/01.ATV.21.4.542. PMID11304470.
Draganov DI, Teiber JF, Speelman A, et al. (2005). "Human paraoxonases (PON1, PON2, and PON3) are lactonases with overlapping and distinct substrate specificities.". J. Lipid Res. 46 (6): 1239–47. doi:10.1194/jlr.M400511-JLR200. PMID15772423.
Shamir R, Hartman C, Karry R, et al. (2005). "Paraoxonases (PONs) 1, 2, and 3 are expressed in human and mouse gastrointestinal tract and in Caco-2 cell line: selective secretion of PON1 and PON2.". Free Radic. Biol. Med. 39 (3): 336–44. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.03.016. PMID15993332.
Lu H, Zhu J, Zang Y, et al. (2005). "Cloning, high level expression of human paraoxonase-3 in Sf9 cells and pharmacological characterization of its product.". Biochem. Pharmacol. 70 (7): 1019–25. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2005.07.004. PMID16099434.
Lu H, Zhu J, Zang Y, et al. (2006). "Cloning, purification, and refolding of human paraoxonase-3 expressed in Escherichia coli and its characterization.". Protein Expr. Purif. 46 (1): 92–9. doi:10.1016/j.pep.2005.07.021. PMID16139510.