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Pachysandra terminalis0.jpg
Pachysandra terminalis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Buxales
Family: Buxaceae
Genus: Pachysandra

See text

Pachysandra /ˌpækiˈsændrə/[1] is a genus of five species of evergreen perennials or subshrubs, belonging to the boxwood family Buxaceae. The species are native to eastern Asia and southeast North America, some reaching a height of 20–45 cm (7.9–17.7 in), with only weakly woody stems. The leaves are alternate, leathery, with a coarsely toothed margin, and are typically 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) long. The small uni-sexual blooms are greenish-white and produced in late spring or early summer.[2]

Variegated Jade among Pachysandra. Pachysandra is often used as a ground cover.


Pachysandra is derived from the Ancient Greek word παχύς (pachýs, 'thick') and the New Latin -androus ('of or pertaining to stamens'), and is a reference to the thick stamens.[3][4]


Cultivation and uses[edit]

Pachysandra can grow in deep-shade areas and is thus well-suited and popular as ground cover for shade gardens. The most commonly used species is P. terminalis, the Japanese spurge, which is an aggressively spreading evergreen ground cover. It is very deer-resistant. The form 'Variegata' has leaves attractively variegated green and creamy white, and is slightly less invasive. 'Green Sheen' Pachysandra has extra glossy leaves and slowly spreads. All species in this genus prefer a well-drained soil with a high humus content.


  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995, pp.606–607.
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  3. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 63, 287
  4. ^ "pachysandra". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  5. ^ 2b. Pachysandra axillaris var. stylosa (Dunn) M. Cheng, Flora of China
  6. ^ GRIN Species Records of Pachysandra, GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
  7. ^ 3. Pachysandra A. Michaux, Flora of China

External links[edit]