Paeonia rockii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paeonia rockii
Paeonia rockii 2015 G1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
P. rockii
Binomial name
Paeonia rockii
(S.G.Haw & Lauener) T.Hong & J.J.Li
  • P. moutan subsp. atava Brühl
  • P. rockii subsp. linyanshanii (Halda) T.Hong & G.L.Osti ex X.Y.Zhu & T.Hong
  • P. rockii subsp. taibaishanica D.Y.Hong
  • P. suffruticosa var linyanshanii Halda
  • P. suffruticosa subsp. atava (Brühl) S.G.Haw & Lauener

Paeonia rockii, or Rock's peony, is a woody species of tree peony that was named after Joseph Rock. It is one of several species given the vernacular name tree peony, and is native to the mountains of Gansu and adjoining provinces in China. In Chinese, it is known as 紫斑牡丹 (pinyin: zǐbān mǔdān).


Paeonia rockii is cultivated as an ornamental plant in Asia and the west. Like Paeonia lactiflora, another Chinese peony species, it is used as a herbal remedy in traditional Chinese medicine.[2]


Paeonia rockii is known for the obvious black, purple, and brown-red spots at the base of petals. Its main features are:

  • Tall plant, can reach 2–3 m (6.6–9.8 ft) high, crown width 3–4 m (9.8–13.1 ft).
  • Big and bright flower, the diameter can reach 18–25 cm (7–10 in).
  • Strong fragrance; the smell of one open flower can dominate that of ten other open flowers from another peony.
  • Resistance to drought and frost; tolerance of salt and base. Can bear temperatures as low as −43 °C (−45 °F); can still grow normally at pH above 7.

Rockii hybrids[edit]

Tree peony hybrids with Paeonia rockii as one parent are called Rockii hybrids. In China there are several cultivar groups of these hybrids, called Gansu Mudan and Zhongyuan Mudan, or North-West Chinese cultivar group. The European-grown Suffruticosa Group (Paeonia × suffruticosa) also belongs here.


  1. ^ Hong, D.-Y. (2010), Peonies of the World, Kew Publishing and Missouri Botanical Garden, ISBN 978-1-84246-392-5{{citation}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Halda, Josef J.; Waddick, James W. (2004). The Genus Paeonia. Timber Press. pp. 196–205. ISBN 978-0-88192-612-5.

External links[edit]

Media related to Paeonia rockii at Wikimedia Commons